RAID (Recherche, Assistance, Intervention et Dissuasion)
RAID (Research, Assistance, Intervention, Deterrence)
Since the Munich Olympics in 1972, the terrorist actions in the world have changed. Protecting France, and more specifically its capital and major cities, against these new terrorist threats is essential. Therefore, in the interests of efficiency, consistency and adaptation to these threats, the Minister of the Interior and the Director General of the National Police decided to strengthen the link between the different intervention units National Police and place them under a single hierarchical authority, the Intervention Force of the National Police (FNIF).
Before being recruited, RAID members had to prove themselves in the field, either with the PJ (criminal investigation unit), the DCRI (intelligence gathering), the BAC (Anti-Crime Brigade), the CRS (riot police), or with another intervention unit. Every police officer serving there must be aged under 40 years (45 years for the staff)
RAID has the jurisdiction to operate throughout France. The unit's operational assignments include Research (locating wanted individuals), Assistance to other police units (either operational or technical), operational Intervention (interrogating dangerous individuals), and Deterrence (often situations are resolved simply by indicating that a RAID unit is on the way).
RADI ended the hostage Hyper Hide the gate of Vincennes, January 9, and had assured the "neutralization" of Mohamed Merah in 2012, or the arrest of the Direct Action members in 1987.
Created 31 July 2009, the FNIF (National Police Intervention Force) is an operational structure to coordinate the actions of intervention units of the National Police: RAID (Research, Assistance, Intervention, Deterrence), the GIPN (Intervention Group of the National Police ) and the BIS / BAC (Brigade of Research and Intervention Brigade and Anti-Commandos). The FIPN also includes "regional satellite' units: the seven GIPN, now referred to as "RAID Satellites", in France's primary urban centers (Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Strasbourg, Rennes, Bordeaux and Nice), and the BRI-BAC in Paris (Anti-Crime Brigade).
RAID is the French police special units (170 people). Established in 1985, the Raid is assigned to the fight against organized crime, organized crime and terrorism. Generally, the Raid operates in urban areas, there where the GIGN specializes in intervention in rural areas or on passenger jets hijacked by pirates of the air. The main facts of weapons of the Raid in recent years are the neutralization of Mohamed Merah, the assault against the Islamists of the Algerian GIA in Roubaix in 1996 or the famous Human Bomb hostage in a class k of Neuilly in 1993.
RAID is the central level of FNIF (Intervention Force of the National Police) it is placed under the authority of the director general of the national police and headed by an officer of the national police. The creation of the force d'intervention de la police nationale (FIPN / FNIF) aimed to give political and administrative authority the opportunity to have a crisis management unit, consisting of 430 operators, some of which is geographically located in the heart of major cities in order to act as quickly and efficiently as possible in case of serious crisis.
The head of RAID ensures the operational command of FNIF. Since its inception in 1985, the RAID participates on the entire territory in the fight against all forms of terrorism and organized crime, some operations have been a major media impact.
As such the RAID's responsibilities include:
- The resolution of major or complex emergencies that seriously undermine public order: terrorism, hostage taking, criminal entrenchment or madmen;
- Securing French diplomatic representations and close protection ambassadors in countries at risk;
- Major events management;
- The operational support services responsible for the prevention and repression of organized crime and terrorism;
- The assistance in protection service for VIPs certain missions;
- To contribute, in collaboration particularly with the management of resources and competences of the National Police (DRCPN) in the training of police personnel for specific tasks;
- To conduct, in collaboration with other branches of the national police to studies and test techniques and intervention materials;
- To provide overseas training missions in favor of intervention units.
RAID has a strength of around 180 men and is divided into three main sections with about 60 members each:
- First Section deals with the usual tasks of special forces: intervention, monitoring, protection.
- Second Section is the Research and Development unit of the RAID. It studies techniques and collects information. This section is divided into three groups: Intelligence Group; Technical Group; and Weaponry Group
- Third section deals with the psychological aspects of the interventions. It is in charge of negotiations and crisis management. It also provides psychological support for the policemen in the unit and in the whole French Police. It is composed of forensic experts, a psychologist and physicians. The Negotiation group is on permanent alert. It deals with suicides, violent crises, mental disorders, hostage crises and other major troubles, independently from the rest of the RAID. It assesses the dangers of the situation, suggests possible solutions, and helps with the negotiations and the resolution of the crises.
RAID can be alerted only by order of the Director General of the national police and intervenes only under the command of his superiors. It has no jurisdiction to the court following the incident for which he intervened. It can be put at the disposal of the Prefects who so request. The Head of Unit responsible for execution of the mission is solely responsible conditions and technical manner of their engagement. The heads of territorial police services lend him their assistance.
French police conducted a pre-dawn raid on an apartment in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis on 18 November 2015 following a tip-off that suspected Paris attacks mastermind Abdelhamid Abaaoud might be at the location, according to chief prosecutor François Molins. Early reports said that a woman who detonated an explosives vest was killed and that another body was found in the rubble, riddled with so many bullets that it was not immediately unidentifiable. Investigators were working on determining the identities of those killed and arrested during the seven-hour raid. Three police officers also were injured, and a police dog was killed.
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