DPSD - Directorate for Defense Protection and Security
Direction de la Protection et de la Securite de la Defense
The Directorate for Defense Protection and Security (formerly Securité Militaire - SM - Military Security) is responsible for military counterintelligence operations, as well as political surveillance of the military, ensuring the political reliability of the armed forces, and other military security duties.
In December 1995 DPSD Director Roland Guillaume was promoted to a full general, and his mandate as DPSD chief was renewed. The move was seen as reflecting approval of his renovation and modernization of the "old-fashioned" SM into a modern counter-intelligence and security service. The planned 1997-2002 military budget left the DPSD stable with 1,620 personnel.
The DPSD has carried out some surveys, particularly in order to assess the impact of the far Right in the barracks. The DPSD survey shows that 10 percent of the military vote for [FN Leader] Le Pen, some 5 percent less than the national average. Rather than about the FN vote, the DPSD is worried about the growing influence of traditional Catholic circles among officers.
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