Direction Générale de la Sécurité Intérieure (DGSI)
Along with the change in majority parties in spring 2012, the executive and legislative powers re-assessed the role of the DCRI. In May 2013, a parliamentary report on the intelligence services was presented by the deputy PS Jean-Jacques Urvoas and his colleague UMP Patrice Verchère. The report was critical of the DCRI's functioning and particularly the treatment of the Mohamed Merah affair of Mmarch 2012. On 17 June 2012, the Minister of the Interior Manuel Valls announced a reform of French domestic intelligence. This reform was implemented by the decree Template:Numéro from April 30, 2014, which came into force on 12 May 2014.
Manuel Valls conceded that on arriving place Beauvau, the day after the Merah case, it was not yet decided on changes. In short, he was not convinced of the need for a specific Directorate General dedicated to domestic intelligence. But he agreed with the view of Jean-Jacques Urvoas and Patrice Verchère, parliamentarians leading the mission of information on intelligence, having been assured that this structural change would result in a gain in efficiency.
Nearly six years after its creation, the Central Directorate of internal intelligence (DCRI) became, on 12 May 2014, the Direction générale de la sécurité intérieure (DGSI). The Agency took over the missions of intelligence and judicial police until then devolved to the DCRI, merger of General Intelligence (RG) and DST (Counterintelligence) attached to the Directorate-General of the national police (DGPN) conducted in 2008 during the quinquennium of Nicolas Sarkozy.
The Decree of 30 April 2014 specifies the scope of the tasks of ISB in his first article in the following terms: "The Directorate General of Internal Security is an active service of the national police and is charged on the entire territory. of the Republic, to seek, to centralize and exploit the interesting tidbit national security or fundamental interests of the Nation." Beyond its thematic missions, the Directorate General of Internal Security, provides as any entity of this size, administrative and support services necessary for its operation and its management, including a firm, Staff, service in charge of human resources, training, finance and purchasing.
The Directorate General of Internal Security (DGSI) was under the direct control of the Minister of Interior and is responsible for the whole of France. Its tasks are to centralize, and exploit the information related to national security and the defense of the fundamental interests of France.
It is not a simple semantic change. This designation marked an emancipation of the General Directorate of the National Police, the umbrella agency responsible for far-against terrorism, against espionage and protection of the cultural and economic heritage. DGSI left the fold of the Directorate of the police for the the Minister of the Interior to combat terrorism or intelligence. With considerable means and autonomy: it intends to recruit 430 analysts, interpreters, computer scientists, or researchers in five years in addition to some 3,200 police officers present, with own budget. This new direction is somewhat equal to Directorate General for external security (DGSE), attached, to the Ministry of defence.
It is composed of a Directorate of intelligence and operations, technical direction, General Administration and a general inspection service. Lifting of intelligence, launched a year after the failures of the Merah case, was a great achievement of Manuel Valls when he was Minister of the Interior before being appointed PM a month ago. This construction was continued by his successor Bernard Cazeneuve while the Government wants to combat channels jihadists in France, particularly to Syria where candidates for more and more Jihad, including minors, go to fight.
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