Brigade de Recherche et d'Intervention
Research and Intervention Brigade is the only service that combines judicial police missions (surveillance, identification, spinning and evidence collection) and intervention in crisis missions. It has a total of 130 men, 70 for anti-commando brigade.
The Brigade of Research and Intervention (BIS) has a different operation of the GIGN and RAID: it is a unit of the judicial police, federated with RAID in the FNIF, the intervention force of the national police. It is the heir of research and response section created in 1966, which was a deputy brigade "anticommando" following the hostage taking at the Munich Olympics in 1972.
Noting an increase in armed robberies in the Paris region in the early 60s, the police headquarters created, September 22, 1964, the Division of Research and Intervention. Its mission, innovative for its time: investigate upstream on suspected robbers in order to challenge the facts at the time, instead of to investigate afterwards. The service took the name of Brigade of Research and Intervention (BIS) in 1967.
In 1972, after the bloody hostage-taking of the Munich Olympics, the French authorities find that there is no intervention group trained for this type of emergency. The police department then created the Brigade Anti-Commando which groups to crises around the police of the BIS, units other Parisian services.
The BIS, better known under the name of "anti-gang", is one of the central brigades Officer of the Paris Judicial Police. A pioneer, she has built, over the business, skills and expertise that inspire the creation of Raid in 1985, under the aegis of some of its former members. Today, she leads front fight against organized crime and interventions in crisis.
BIS is the only service that combines judicial police missions (surveillance, identification, spinning and evidence collection) and intervention in crisis missions.
His varied skills make its originality:
- Detect criminals may engage in organized banditry, monitor and challenge in the act. BIS Investigators are thus willing to engage in a gunfight with extremely dangerous people.
- Collect all information concerning organized crime and its members: the BIS has one of the most comprehensive documentation banditry past and present, which is the basis for all its investigations.
- Assist other police encountering major obstacles in their investigation: realization of monitoring and delicate arrests of dangerous criminals at home, assistance to the criminal brigade in kidnappings for ransom, etc. Intervene in acute crises requiring the implementation of technical and special means (taken hostage, entrenchment of criminals or madmen, mutinies inmates, etc.). Before considering the use of force, the role of negotiation is crucial.
Members of its field forces, seasoned with shadowing, surveillance and arrests, have the ability to integrate one of the five groups of specialists: negotiation, break, rock climbing, high-precision shooting and intervention nuclear environment, biological, radiological or chemical. The BIS in its anti-commando training is the Parisian unit against terrorism. As such, his personal form continuous interventions from the top of the spectrum, implementing a particularly high level of skills both from a technical point of view (UAV employment, setting up a tactical bubble .. ) a human (major exercises, training).
- In August 1977. After four months of "stash", BIS releases the Parisian banker Bernard Mallet, removed in the Bois de Boulogne and locked in the coal bunker of a flag Plessis Robinson (92).
- September 24, 1981. Four armed terrorists take hostage 51 people in the premises of the Turkish Consulate. After 15 hours of intense dialogue with the leader of the commando, he agrees to surrender. The hostages then reveal that all the exits of the consulate were littered with explosive charges.
- Night of December 13 to 14, 2004. Two explosions targeting central France Telecom and EDF Melun cause blackouts and telephone communication including depriving the strong center of a money transporter. The next day, four men suspected by the BIS were arrested at their homes. The operation to discover weapons of war, explosives and several stolen cars.
- From January 7 to 9, 2015. After the massacre in the drafting of Charlie Hebdo that will make 12 deaths and the assassination of a municipal police in Montrouge (92), three terrorists will flee. Two of them will be neutralized in Dammartin-en-Goële (77) by the GIGN. The BIS for the first time trained under the FNIF (intervention of the National Police Forces) with RAID, the last neutralize jihadi who had just killed four hostages in a kosher grocery Porte de Vincennes.
The BIS armored truck is a true advanced mobile PC , also permanently store heavy equipment, accommodate and transport an assault group to deposit safely closer to the action.
The BIS neutralized the terrorists during the assault Bataclan. It took 160 minutes — nearly three hours — for French police to enter Le Bataclan Theater in Paris after terrorists began slaughtering the concertgoers inside on 13 NOvember 2015. That was simply too long, according to Avi Kapon, the former head of the IDF’s counterterrorism academy. The key to counterterrorism is a rapid, determined response, something that did not happen in the Bataclan massacre, he says.
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