54th Air Intelligence Wing
54ème Escadron de Renseignement Air
On April 1, 1963, "the Electronic Flotilla 30/813" was stationed in FREIBURG (R.F.A.). The origins of the unit date back to 1954 with the creation of the "Electronic Group 30/450". The various means of "the EE 813" were distributed between the electronic Squadron 40/450 established with HOMISGRINDE close to ACHERN (R.F.A.) E the Center of exploitation of the tactical information (C.E.R.T.) 50/450, with LAHR, initially Center N°1 of the E.E. 30/183 since November 12, 1959.
The G.E. 30/450 left FREIBURG for the air base of LAHR (R.F.A.) in July 1963. It was then composed of 5 detachments, all based in the F.R.G.:
- DT 1 FREIBURG
- DT 2 BERLIN
- DT 3 GOSLAR (military enclave of Schalke)
- DT 4 FURSTENFELDBRUCK
- DT 5 BADEN
It then joined the electronic Flotilla 054, in charge of the implementation of Noratlas 2501 GABRIEL. Starting on November 1, 1963, the commander of the E.E. 054 exercised the functions of second in command and head of the operations of the G.E.E 30/450.
THE G.E.T. WITH METZ-FRESCATY:
On July 1, 1966, the G.E. 30/450 was dissolved. Personnel of the central portion (LAHR) joined the air base 128 of METZ-FRESCATY to constitute the "electronic Group 35/351"; the E.E. 40/450 became E.E. 40/351; and the CE.R.T. 50/540 was redesignated 55/351. These new names marked the membership of these units to the tactical air Force 1st incipient air area. This group was increased by a sixth detachment, the DT 6 of STOBERHAI (the F.R.G.), while the DT 1 left FREIBURG for STRASBOURG. In October 1968, the DT 7 of FURTH-IM-WALD (the F.R.G.) was created.
On June 1, 1969, the E.E. 40/351 became E.E. 41/351, and absorbed in October 1971 the DT 1 of STRASBOURG.
From June 1, 1972, the whole of these means was gathered under the command of the " tactical electronic Grouping 30/351 " which was made up as follows:
- an organization of command,
- the C.E.R.T. 55/351
- a Squadron of specialized maintenance E.M.S. 31/351
- an electronic Flotilla EE 00/354 pennies controls operational of the commander of the G.E.T.
IN THE F.R.G.:
- an electronic Squadron E.E. 41/351 (ACHERN),
- six electronic detachments: FROM 32 BERLIN - OF 33 GOSLAR - OF 34 FURTENFELDBRUCK - OF 36 BAD-LAUTERBERG - OF 37 FURTH IM WALD - OF 38 BADEN-OOS.
October 1, 1978 is created the Center of electronic instruction of war C.I.G.E. 56/351, whose mission is to form interceptors linguists or techniques. May 1979 sees the creation of the electronic Squadrons ground: OF 32, 33, 36, 37 become respectively E.E.S. 32, 33, 36 and 37. The E.M.S. is called from now on Groupe of maintenance and implementation (G.M.M.O. 31/351). But it is the creation of the Center of operations of the G.E.T. (C.O.G.E.T.) who marks more the operational organization of the grouping, since it leads on July 1, 1986 to the dissolution of the C.E.R.T.
THE TACTICAL ELECTRONIC SQUADRON 00.054:
July 1, 1988 is significant date in the organization of the unit, which adopts a structure of Squadron. Thus is born the 54ème tactical electronic Escadre, which takes again the traditions of the 54ème Escadre of bombardment, whose origins go up with the 1st world war. THE E.E. 00.054 becomes electronic Squadron E.E. 01/054 and takes again the name of tradition " DUNKIRK "; it gathers three escadrilles electronic:
FOR TRANSALL GABRIEL :
- E.E. 11/054: control plane
- E.E.R.E. 31/054: seek electronic (operators of interceptions)
FOR TECHNICAL HELICOPTER ELINT (H.E.T.) :
- E.E. 21/054 with GOSLAR
These three escadrilles take again respectively the badges of 1st, 3rd and 4th escadrilles of the 54ème Escadre of bombardment.
The C.I.G.E. is definitively attached to the Squadron with punched-card name C.I.G.E. 10/054, the G.M.M.O. becomes GERMas R.E. 15/054, the E.E. of ACHERN is called from now on E.E.S. 04/054, other electronic squadrons ground becoming E.E.S. 02/054 BERLIN, 03/054 GOSLAR, E.E.S. 06/054 BAD-LAUTERBERG, E.E.S. 07/054 FURTH-IM-WALD.
This organization sees the arrival with the squadron:
- H.E.T., helicopter of the PUMA type modified for the interception of the signals radars, set up at GOSLAR in January 1988,
- C 160 G Transall Gabriel (2 ex), replacing faithful " the Gabriel North ", whose last of the six specimens carries out ultimate " the Comer " on October 26, 1989.
The reunification of Germany, accompanied by the withdrawal of the Soviet air Forces in Center Europe, involved for the Squadron a redeployment E its means stationed in the In addition to-Rhine: E.E.S. 06/054 of BAD-LAUTERBERG and 03/054 of GOSLAR were dissolved respectively in June 1992 and July 1993, the H.E.T. and the E.E. 21/054 having left GOSLAR for the Flight test centre of Mount of Marsan as of May 1992.
Redeployment in France of the E.E.S. 02/054 of BERLIN was carried out in 1994 with the parallel creation of a participation air (P.A. 13/054) within a center of collection interarmées established to MUTZIG.
Within the framework of the rise to power of the tactical chain of information air implemented by the Command of the tactical air Force, was officially created in August 1992, the Center of fusion of the electromagnetic information (C.F.R.E.) 12/054 which becomes in August 1994 the Squadron of fusion of the electromagnetic information of origin (E.F.R.O.EM.).
Lastly, on August 1, 1995, 54ème E.E.T. takes the name of Squadron of Air information and involves in its wake creation as from October 1, 1995 of the Squadron of instruction of information and electronic war 10/054 (E.I.R.G.E.) and of the Squadron of support and drive to the information air 12/054 (E.S.E.R.A.).
This new squadron is from now on the single center of training of all the personnel " information " of the Air Force. It is advisable to specify that the Center of formation interarmées of interpretation image (CFÍ), composed of personnel photo interpreters, is established on the basis of air CREIL.
The creation of the E.I.R.G.E. gives to the Air Force the adequate framework for a single, coherent and optimized formation specialists in the information ready to be integrated in a modular structure of Theatre within a framework air, interarmées or interallied.
As for the E.S.E.R.A.; it is used as organic reserve of professionals of the information of combat, ready to arm without delay the structures of the tactical information air on three different theatres of operations.
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