Tropas de Prevención / Troops of Prevention
Tropas de Prevención / Troops of Prevention are the military units of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Cuba whose main objective is to contribute, in time of peace, to elevate military discipline, to preserve the safety of the main leaders, as well as to control the compliance of the provisions of the MINFAR Headquarters, referring to the discipline of the military and the technical status, use and maintenance of military cars on public roads.
Popular wisdom has artifices to designate life and its crossroads. The experience typifies certainties that become sayings and sayings wielded by all. "When we know about the work of a large unit of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR), we can only remember that: it is better to prevent than to regret". The work of the men and women of the prevention troops, gives irrefutable signs of the truth contained in that phrase. They are in charge, on a daily basis, of patrolling to ensure the discipline, both of the soldiers and of the officers, on public roads. It is very important that the population have a good image of the members of the FAR, declares Major Daniel Sagó, head of a battalion of this prevention unit. For that reason they take care of the correct behavior and the bearing and aspect of the military.
These units are directed by the Military Counterintelligence Headquarters (CIM) through the Prevention Battalions and the Prevention Troops Brigade. These troops were present on internationalist missions when the Special Prevention Troops fulfilled missions in the People's Republic of Angola and Nicaragua. One of the main routes through which the prevention troops are nourished lies in the entry into their ranks of young people of the Active Military Service (SMA), after a rigorous selection process. Current Prevention Troops were constituted on November of September of 1981 when, even because organizational work within the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (MINFAR), the Appellate Prevention is constituted. This was subordinated to the Military Counterintelligence (CIM) and had as its main objective to contribute to the elevation of military discipline and further consolidate the prestige of the FAR before society, as well as to help strengthen the security of national leaders and guests. foreign. In August 1981, the MINFAR approved Order 80 (Regulation of Prevention of the FAR), effective as of September 1. This was repealed by Order 39 of 1972 of the Chief of General Staff, as well as Chapter 3 of the Regulation of garrison service and guard in the FAR.
This Regulation, still in force, states the main missions to be carried out by the Prevention units, which are mentioned below:
- Participate in the organization, in cooperation with the organs of the Ministry of the Interior and military commanders, in the protection of the leaders of the Cuban Party and State, as well as the foreign leaders invited to our country, during their stay in military objectives, in activities linked to the FAR, or when means of this and other places are used that are designated by the superior command.
- Direct, execute and control the service of military patrols.
- Direct, execute and control the inspection of military vehicles outside military units.
- Direct, execute and control the search and capture of defectors and absentees from the FAR.
- Organize and execute the custody of those arrested for crimes investigated by the Judicial and Criminal Investigation Service during the transfer of the same, the reconstruction of criminal acts and the acts of the oral trial.
For the initial fulfillment of these missions, the Prevention Bodies were structured in the country. Thus in 1983, the Territories of Prevention are constituted, by Order 043 of the Minister of the FAR. Then, in May of the same year, the Head of the CIM issued Order 022 that put into effect the peacetime and war missions of the Special Troops for Prevention. Likewise, it guided the elaboration of the different methodologies for the work by specialty, which were approved in 1986 , by the Head of the CIM Direction.
On December 1, 1986 with the creation of the Special Troops of the FAR, within the CIM, the Prevention Troops were integrated to these, by Order 0027 of the Minister of the FAR. From then on, the following structure was adopted: a Prevention Regiment that was later the Prevention Brigade. In addition, there was a detachment integrated to the Special Troop Regiments of all the provinces and a platoon in the special municipality Isla de la Juventud subordinated to the Special Troops Battalion.
Over the years, as part of the FAR's improvement policy, the Prevention Troops have undergone organizational changes in their structure and composition. For this reason, at the end of 2006 , the FAR Headquarters decided to subordinate the Prevention Units to the CIM Headquarters. This led to the improvement of the governing documents in correspondence with the accumulated experiences.
The prevention activity is carried out by the CIM Headquarters through the Prevention Battalions and the Troops of Prevention Troop. These are met methodologically with the objective of contributing, in time of peace, to elevate military discipline, to preserve the safety of the principal leaders, as well as to control compliance with the provisions of the Chief of the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces ( FAR), referring to the discipline of the military and the technical state, use and maintenance of military cars on public roads.
Missions of the Prevention Units
- Direct the work of the military patrols, the inspection of military vehicles outside the facilities of the military units and entities of the FAR, as well as the search and capture of absentees without permission, deserters and evaders of the FAR and other persons they indicate.
- Organize and execute custody transfer and treatment of detainees.
- Perform preventive work in military units and entities of the FAR.
- Participate in the protection of the leaders of the Party, the Cuban State and foreigners invited to our country during their stay in military objectives, in activities related to the FAR or when they use means of these.
- Participate in the coverage of the application of measures established in the civil defense plans against hurricanes and intense rains and natural catastrophes, among others.
- Participate in the protection of the main economic, political, social and military objectives.
- Carry out control of traffic, safety and protection on the roads in the interest of military activities in peacetime.
- Participate in support of the police confrontation system, executed by the public security forces of the National Revolutionary Police, with the aim of preventing and confronting criminal actions that threaten the stability of security and internal order.
The personnel of the Prevention units are designated as military patrols, prepared to prevent and confront, in time of peace, the behaviors that affect the discipline of the military, to control the technical and maintenance status of the military tanks, their use and exploitation. , according to their designation, on the public highway, as well as carry out the search and capture of absentees without permission, deserters and evaders of the FAR.
However, its mission goes beyond the issues that concern the attitude of members of the FAR in the exchange with civilian life. Among its essential objectives, raised since its foundation on September 11, 1981, are also to ensure adequate exploitation of means of transport, cooperation with other security forces for the protection of state and government leaders during their participation in public events, as well as foreign delegations visiting military entities.
The collaboration with the Ministry of the Interior in events with ample influx of the people constitutes a routine action. The preservation of citizen tranquility is for them an invariable principle. In the beginning, says Sagó, we had a reduced number of personnel, but the representations for each territory were increasing due to the need to fulfill this type of task throughout the country. The troops of prevention have participated in diverse missions of transcendental interest for the Cuban town. As an example, it highlights the protection of the military caravans that transferred material resources from the capital to several provinces for the victims of hurricanes.
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