Anti-Defection and Counter-Surveillance Bureau
The Ninth Bureau, the Anti-Defection and Counter-Surveillance Bureau, is responsible for countering efforts by foreign intelligence services to recruit personnel from the Ministry of State Security and among cadres of Chinese institutions abroad. It also counters surveillance, wiretapping and infiltration by foreign intelligence services against Chinese embassies and consulates. This has required the import in recent years of sophisticated state-of-the-art survellance equipment. The Ninth Bureau includes an overseas students section which specializes in "anti-defection" work among Chinese students abroad, which includes both preventing their recruitment by foreign intelligence services as well as student participation in overseas Chinese pro-democracy organizations.
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