Department of National Defence
The Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces have a unique, unified management and command system. The 1971 report of the Review Group resulted in the merging of the Department, Canadian Forces Headquarters and the Defence Research Board into a single entity -- National Defence Headquarters. The reorganization created an Assistant Deputy Minister (Policy) Group and placed public servants at the head of highly centralized materiel and financial management functions. That organization is essentially the one in place today. Major headquarters include support services and control functions such as intelligence, mapping and cartography, and general safety and control as well as common and administrative staff.
The organization of National Defence mixes the civilian Department, managed by the Deputy Minister, with the military headquarters, commanded by the Chief of the Defence Staff. This sharing of responsibility is sometimes called the "diarchy". The predominant concept of organization has been to centralize much decision making in National Defence Headquarters. This has been particularly true with materiel and human resource management.
The Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (DCDS) is the senior operations (J3) and intelligence (J2) officer of the CF, and as such, is the representative of these functions in the National Defence Headquarter (NDHQ) Joint Staff. The DCDS is also the departmental Security Advisor (DSO). The DCDS ensures effective national level planning, conduct, coordination, support and direction of, Canadian military operations, security and intelligence activities and federal civil emergency preparedness. The DCDS Group is organized primarily as an NDHQ staff consisting of four divisions and an independent organization, Emergency Preparedness Canada (EPC).
The Director General Intelligence (J2/DG Int) is responsible to DCDS for the production and dissemination of Defence Intelligence required by the Department and other government departments. This division operates the National Defence Intelligence Centre (NDIC) which monitors global events on a 24/7 basis and provides Canada's only all-source indications and warning centre. The NDIC is located adjacent to the Operations Centre in NDHQ. J2/DG Int also directs the geographic support programme which provides the Canadian Forces (CF) and the Department of National Defence (DND) with maps and charts and geodetic products and services.
The 250 intelligence staff in National Defence Headquarters spend a portion of their time on policy and force development. Defence planning is the process by which policy options are developed for government consideration. Force development is the planning process used to translate government policy into military forces. These processes are supposed to provide overall direction to the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces and are therefore key building blocks in the management control system of the Department.
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