AN/TSQ-190 TROJAN / TROJAN SPIRIT II
The Communications Central is an intelligence dissemination satellite terminal which provides communications access for intelligence processing and dissemination systems. The TROJAN SPIRIT II, or TS II, is the linchpin system for providing information connectivity to the military intelligence (MI) battlefield operating system. It supports fast-paced, flexible Army operations by providing tactical commanders with mission critical, high capacity intelligence information via voice, facsimile, digital traffic, and secondary imagery. The AN/TSQ-190(V) TROJAN Special Purpose Intelligence Remote Integrated Terminal [TROJAN SPIRIT II] is an intelligence dissemination satellite terminal that provides access for intelligence processing and dissemination systems. This system consists of secure voice, data, facsimile, video and secondary imagery dissemination capabilities. The system will receive, display, and transmit digital imagery, weather and terrain products, templates, graphics and text between CONUS/OCONUS bases and deployed forces.
The Communications Central extends the current worldwide TROJAN fixed station architecture to the tactical intelligence force structure in a mobile configuration. It has alternative communications capabilities down to brigade level and uses existing external ac/dc power sources, or the on-board tunnel-mounted 10kw diesel generator. Supporting components are:
- A primary heavy high mobility multipurpose vehicle shelter subsystem consisting of secure voice and data, satellite communications processing, and dissemination equipment integrated into a S-788/G shelter mounted on a M-1097 heavy high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle (HHMMWV). The Enhanced Combat Vehicle (ECV) is replacing the HHMMWV.
- The C/KU-Band satellite communications (SATCOM) mobile antenna platform for echelons corps and below or a Tri-Band SATCOM trailer for echelons above corps.
- A spare equipment maintenance subsystem consisting of a second S-788/G shelter carried on an M-1097 HHMMWV.
The SPIRIT II program, a follow-on to SPIRIT I, provides a much more robust terminal and increased capability. TS II is a near-term fix for high-capacity imagery data communications capability.
The system's SATCOM system supports up to 14 circuits (8 SCI and 6 collateral) using variable baud rates from 4.8 to 512 kbps per channel on C, Ku, or X frequency bands. System connectivity capability includes DSNET1 and DSNET3, MSE, and Tactical Packet Network (TPN) interfaces, as well as LAN connectivity. The TROJAN SPIRIT II is shelter mounted on two HMMWVs. It ties into TDN as a mobile switch extension from tactical. The system's two workstations also allow the operators to receive and disseminate secondary imagery, SIGINT databases and reports, and UAV video. This capability allows the TROJAN SPIRIT to serve as a temporary communications set for the ACE during redeployment or split-based operations.
The TROJAN SPIRIT II combines the Trojan Data Network with mobile switch extensions to offer a worldwide, forward-deployed, quick-reaction reporting and analysis link. This corps and division asset provides dedicated intelligence communications that is intended to augment EAC and ECB in-theater communications. It will conduct split-based, inter- and intra-theater operations through the range of military operations. It is intended to augment EAC and ECB in-theater communications.
Connectivity is provided through the Fort Belvoir TROJAN switching center which currently connects TROJAN systems at various US bases with front-end antenna arrays located worldwide. The Communications Central combines this network with mobile switch extensions to offer a worldwide, forward-deployed, quick reaction reporting and analysis link.
The TROJAN Data Network [TDN] is a router, TCP or IP based network. It is overlaid on the communications network that links the AN/FSQ-144(V) TROJAN CLASSIC central operating facilities and switch extensions at various US bases with remote collection facilities worldwide. The TDN is subdivided into three electronically and physically separated networks that correspond to the three security levels required of the system. As with the TROJAN CLASSIC architecture, the TDN has a TROJAN Network Control Center in the TROJAN Switch Center at Fort Belvoir, VA, to provide configuration control and network management. The three networks of the TDN are--
TROJAN Data Network-1 (TDN-1). The TDN-1 operates at the SECRET security level and is the gateway to DSNET1. It provides data exchange between TROJAN Classic facilities, switch extensions, and Special Purpose Intelligence Remote Integrated Terminals (SPIRITs).
TROJAN Data Network-2 (TDN-2). The TDN-2 operates at the TOP SECRET/SCI level. It provides data exchange between selected TROJAN sites requiring access to the NSA network.
TROJAN Data Network-3 (TDN-3). The TDN-3 operates at the TOP SECRET/SCI security level and is the gateway to JWICS. It provides data exchange between TROJAN CLASSIC facilities, switch extensions, and SPIRITs.
|AN/TSQ-190(V) System Capabilities||
|Primary Heavy HMMWV (PHS) Shelter Features||
|Spare Equipment and Maintenance (SEM) Shelter Features||
|Mobile Antenna Platform (MAP) Features||
Operating personnel for the system is nominally four soldiers. The Director of Combat Development determined that MOS 96B will be the system operator; 96B's will be limited in assignment and will lose their analytical abilities if they are required to work only the TROJAN SPIRIT. Each unit uses what ever personnel they have available to operate the system. The Signal Corps will eventually take over the operations of the system eliminating the need for 96Bs as system operators.
The basis of issue is two TS IIs per Force Package 1 (FP1) division; two per corps; one per FP2 division, ACR, and separate brigade; and four per MI force projection brigade. The TS II program is currently in the production, deployment, and operational support phase of development.
Due to the immediate need for the Communications Central during Desert Storm, numerous requirements documents including the system MANPRINT management plan, the cost and operational effectiveness analysis, and the training test support package were waived. Because these documents were waived, no official training constraints were ever identified.
Initial fieldings in 1996 to the intelligence center and school at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., Korea and the 66th Military Intelligence Group in Augsburg, Germany, were successful. Forty-four terminals were expected to be fielded by late FY96.
TROJAN SPIRIT II fielding to date is
- Twenty-three Army TS IIs fielded to Army MI units to date, with most units receiving at least one during FY95.
- Two TS IIs fielded to the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office.
- Two TS IIs fielded to the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC).
- The materiel developer has acquired the additional six USMC systems to be fielded later this year. The Predator Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration has ordered one system.
- The U.S. Air Force has indicated a desire to buy up to 13 additional TS IIs for their operational Predator UAV squadron.
- Contractor materiel shortages and funding problems have delayed the FY96 fielding of an additional fifteen systems until the first quarter of FY97.
The Army has no plans to purchase any more TS IIs after FY97; due to efforts under way to transition MI long-haul communications requirements to the Signal Corps' Army Common-User System.
MG John Thomas and MG Pat Cavanaugh approved Volume II of the Trojan Spirit to Warfighter Information Network migration plan 31 August 2001. The migration plan is the single, unified plan for consolidating communications capabilities and network support while aligning military-intelligence requirements with the emerging WIN.
The newest plan, Volume II, is the second of two publications that are Training and Doctrine Command's directives to merge the communications functionality of TS with the evolving WIN architecture. The plan continues to serve as an enabler for Force XXI and Army transformation efforts.
The first migration plan was approved Oct. 21, 1998, by the Intelligence Center's and Signal Center's commanding generals. It was subsequently approved by TRADOC Nov. 21, 1998, and sent to Department of the Army for funding support.
Volume II contains updated and refined Intelligence Center-validated needlines and information-exchange requirements to support the analysis-and-control-element enclaves at the division (non-transformed), corps and echelons above corps. For the first time, this plan provides the new requirements for the Army's transformation initial brigade-combat team.
Specifically, this plan provides the newest 2001 migration definitions for voice, fax, data, imagery, video collaboration and messaging. It also includes reachback requirements for the Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System, secure Internet protocol routed network and other national-intelligence wide-area support.
In addition to the updated operational architecture, this plan provides a systems-architecture update. It also provides new and updated information on the role of strategic tactical-entry point in the migration, TS recapitalization, personnel support, funding requirements, migration schedule and recommendations on disposition of TS systems once migration is completed in the interim division.
For the first time this migration plan addresses the migration operational-architecture requirements for the IBCTs and support to the brigade's main tactical-operations center, reconnaissance, surveillance and target-acquisition squadron and tactical-unmanned-aerial-vehicle system. Finally, this plan takes the migration well past the "PowerPoint" stage and into the demonstration and validation phase using the concept-experimentation program initiative as a tool.
The plan's goal continues to be the synchronization and smooth transition of the dedicated communications capability and network functionality of TS to a proven and reliable WIN / intelligence-support architecture. This WIN architecture will provide habitual and assured network access that will be jointly interoperable with other service components.
The migration plan, Volume II, was extensively coordinated among the Intelligence Center, Signal Center, TRADOC, Communications-Electronics Command, Intelligence and Security Command, program executive office for command, control, communications and security, PEO for intelligence, electronic warfare and sensors, and DA proponents.
The table below provides the planning schedule for TS IIs modernization and migration to WIN-IG. The schedule for migrating TS II into WIN-IG is directly tied to WIN fielding dates. When the WIN-T fielding schedule is better defined, transition of the modified TS II migration into WIN-IG can be more clearly defined.
|WIN migration||MI brigade||Affected MI unit||Qty Spirit||Spirit mod. fldg.||Supporting Sig unit||WIN fielding||WIN-IG trans|
|1st digitized corps||4th Inf. Div.||104th MI Bn. ops||2||02||124th Sig. Bn.||00-01||03-04|
|1st digitized corps||1st Cav. Div.||312th MI Bn. ops||2||02||13th Sig. Bn.||01-02||03-04|
|1st digitized corps||3d ACR||66th MI Co. ops||1||02||3d Sig. Bde.||01-02||03-04|
|1st digitized corps||111th MI Bde./ Tng.||304th MI Bn.||2||03||15th Sig. Bde.||03-04||04-05|
|1st digitized corps||504th MI Bde.||III Corps||1||03||3d Sig. Bde.||03-04||04-05|
|1st digitized corps||504th MI Bde.||303d MI Bn. ops||1||03||3d Sig. Bde.||03-04||04-05|
|1st digitized corps||501st MI Bde.||532d MI Bn.||3||03||11th Sig. Bde.||03-04||04-05|
|2d digitized corps||525th MI Bde.||XVIII Abn. Corps||1||04||35th Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||525th MI Bde.||319th MI Bn.||1||04||35th Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||82d Abn. Div.||313th MI Bn. ops||2||04||82d Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||2d ACR||502d MI Co. ops||1||04||35th Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||513th MI Bde.||201st MI Bn.||2||04||11th Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||513th MI Bde.||297th MI Bn.||2||04||11th Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||500th MI Bde.||205th MI Bn.||1||04||11th Sig. Bde.||04-05||05-06|
|2d digitized corps||101st Aaslt. Div.||311th MI Bn. ops||2||05||501st Sig. Bn.||05-06||06-07|
|2d digitized corps||3d Inf. Div. (M)||103d MI Bn. ops||2||05||123d Sig. Bn.||05-06||06-07|
|2d digitized corps||10th Mtn. Div.||110th MI Bn. ops||1||05||10th Sig. Bn.||08-09||08-09|
|Rest of Army||66th MI Gp.||66th MI Gp.||2||05||22d Sig. Bde.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||2d Inf. Div.||102d MI Bn. ops||1||05||122d Sig. Bn.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||1st Inf. Div.||101st MI Bn. ops||1||05||121st Sig. Bn.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||1st Arm. Div.||501st MI Bn. ops||1||05||141st Sig. Bn.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||V Corps||302d MI Bn. ops||2||05||22d Sig. Bde.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||I Corps||502d MI Bn. ops||2||06||29th Sig. Bn.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||25th Inf. Div.||125th MI Bn. ops||1||06||125th Sig. Bn.||07-10||08-11|
|Rest of Army||6th Inf. Bde.||110th MI Bn. ops Co. F||1||06||29th Sig. Bn.||07-10||08-11|
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