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Tactical Operational Scene (TOPSCENE)

Tactical Operational Scene (TOPSCENE) is an operational training system consisting of 3D imagery products and infrastructure. The TOPSCENE battlefield visualization system lets aircrew and battle commanders rehearse their missions before going into combat with timely, realistic, real-world images of the contingency area. TOPSCENE provides rapid, accurate database construction for real-time 3D fly-through. TOPSCENE features include a fully scalable open architecture utilizing all Commercial-Off-The-Shelf components.

Source Data includes high-altitude, high-resolution photographic and digital source data are combined and processed by the off-site Database Generation System to develop contingency databases. A two-dimensional (2-D), large-area terrain digital map is constructed, draped over polygonized Digital Terrain Elevation Data and enhanced with 3-D cultural data. 3-D Terrain Imagery enhancements permit changes in visibility, time of day, sensor imagery and graphic overlays. TOPSCENE can produce imagery clear enough to see major and minor roads as well as buildings, vehicles, doors, and windows.

Using satellite imagery, available photographs and terrain data, the TOPSCENE Database Generation System creates seamless 3-D high resolution databases of terrain and cultural features. These databases are stored on hotswap hard drives, 8 mm tape or digital video disks which are then distributed to the deployable units. Units in the field can update target locations based on the latest locally acquired data.

Vertical photographs are combined with the terrain data, digitized and computer-constructed into a mosaic-orthogonal map containing large digital gaming areas that cover country-sized areas (tens of thousands of square kilometers). The primary training emphasis is inaccessible areas.

The TOPSCENE 4000 is the most realistic deployable system available today. A single, unit-level console with a footprint smaller than a desk, the Model 4000 generates photo-derived 3-D perspective views at 30 Hz frame rates for real-time simulations over large terrain databases. The databases are acquired from various sources (photographic, sensor, satellite, etc.) and processed by the off-line TOPSCENE Data Base Generation Systems. They are stored on removable digital disks and transported to the user, where specific routes are flown to support mission needs. The operator station is menu-driven and controlled through the keyboard. Mission rehearsal is performed using a throttle and control stick; other weapon-specific controls can easily be added. Other system elements - all COTS - include:

  • Four Silicon Graphics Infinite Reality processors
  • Up to 600 Gbytes of removable digital storage
  • 24-inch high-resolution monitor
  • Uninterruptible power supplies
  • Shock-mounted enclosure
  • 8 mm tape drive

System enchancements permit changes in visibility, time of day, sensor imagery, graphics overlays, instrument indications, even threat warnings. TOPSCENE 4000 is tunable to replicate the precise visuals encountered in any environment.

A compact, low-cost version of the TOPSCENE 4000, the TOPSCENE 400 provides photo-based 3-D perspective views at 5-10 Hz frame rates for real-time simulations over large terrain databases. The system uses a Silicon Graphics OCTANE System as its graphics/computer workstation. System Elements include:

  • OCTANE System
  • Operator controls (mouse, control box, keyboard)
  • Removable digital storage (up to 100 Gbytes)
  • High-resolution (1280 x 1024 pixels) color monitor

The databases, which are acquired from various sources (photographic, sensor, satellite, etc.), have been processed by one of the off-line TOPSCENE Data Base Generation Systems at Lockheed Martin, NAS Fallon or the Topographic Engineering Center. The resulting imagery and elevation data are stored on removable digital disks and transported to the user.

The TOPSCENE 3500 displays photo-based perspective views at 30-Hz frame rates to produce real-time simulations over large terrain databases. These databases, which are acquired from various sources (photographic, sensor, satellite, etc.), have been processed by one of the TOPSCENE Data Base Generation Systems at Lockheed Martin, NAS Fallon or the Topographic Engineering Center. The resulting imagery and evaluation data are stored on removable digital disks and transported to the user. System Elements include:

  • Silicon Graphics Onyx VTX R4400 processors (2)
  • Operator controls (stick, throttle, keyboard)
  • Removable digital storage (up to 100 Gbytes)
  • High-resolution (1280 X 1024 pixels) 20-inch color monitor
  • Uninterruptible power supplies (2)
  • 8 mm tape drive
  • Enclosure for transportability

TOPSCENE 3500s are deployed today in U.S. Navy aircraft carriers, in the Navy's Top Gun School, and in the U.S. Army's 160th Aviation Regiment and 2nd Infantry Division. AGM 130/GBU 15, a modified version of the TOPSCENE 3500, is used by the U.S. Air Force to meet the special requirements of guided weapon training.

Korean Combat Operations Intelligence Center (KCOIC) is a combined USAF and Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF), multi-INT CIGSS-compliant facility that includes the Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) Integrated National Exploitation System (PINES) and day/night, all-weather, near-real-time multi-INT, multi-sensor processing, exploitation, and dissemination of intelligence data derived from the U-2R aircraft.



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Page last modified: 28-07-2011 00:51:26 ZULU