AN/APS-149 Littoral Surveillance Radar System (LSRS)
The Littoral Surveillance Radar System (LSRS) is a Navy intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and targeting system consisting of Raytheon's AN/APS-149 littoral and overland surveillance radar, initially fielded aboard the service's P-3C Block Modification Update Program (BMUP) maritime patrol and surveillance aircraft. The radar is mounted in a ventral pod attached to its host platform's belly by at least three attachment points. It is a wide-aperture, Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA) sensor that has a moving target indicator [GMTI] capability. The APS-149 is designed primarily for the targetting-grade tracking of moving targets on land and at sea. LSRS operates from P-3C Orions and can be used to track targets on land or sea, and to provide images of those targets to intelligence analysts.
Boeing's Standoff Land Attack Missile-Expanded Response (SLAM-ER) weapon system scored a direct hit against a moving, remotely-controlled land target during a flight test at the U.S. Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, Calif. The test occurred on Sept. 13, 2006 as part of the U.S. Navy's SLAM-ER developmental/operational flight test program. The launch followed a successful developmental test flight on June 1 that used simulated command and control aircraft targeting data to engage a remotely-controlled Shahab 3 missile launcher mock-up. For the test, a Littoral Surveillance Radar System-equipped aircraft sent real-time targeting data to the Boeing-built F/A-18 aircraft, which relayed the data to the SLAM-ER after the weapon's launch.
LSRS was "born black" and developed as a "deeply, deeply classified system", but on Oct. 4, 2006, Under Secretary of Defense, Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Ken Krieg recognized the Advanced Sensor Technology (AST) government-Boeing/Raytheon contractor team by awarding the team the Defense Acquisition Executive Certificate of Achievement. The DAE See digital audio extraction. Certificate of Achievement is awarded to individuals and teams that have made exceptional contributions to improving life-cycle costs and/or the Department of Defense acquisition system through innovative acquisition management techniques.
The award recognized the AST Team's demonstration of exemplary acquisition excellence while producing and delivering the Littoral Surveillance Radar System that uses advanced radar, display, and processing systems to provide new littoral surveillance capabilities for joint and naval forces. These surveillance capabilities provide a greatly improved understanding of the battle space and support the United States' objective to achieve full-spectrum dominance Full-spectrum dominance is a military concept whereby a joint military structure achieves control over all elements of the battlespace using land, air, maritime and space based assets. in fighting and winning the global war on terror Terrorism.
AST achieved optimum results by implementing transformational business practices that increased efficiency, reduced cost, and enabled early delivery of capabilities. The team used innovative techniques, applying strategic workforce alignment, close teaming with prime contractors, and integrated system testing. Rigorous financial and earned value management Earned Value Management methodologies enabled on-schedule product deliveries well within budget. The team tested the vehicle for over 2,800 hours without a single personnel safety or equipment mishap and achieved successful early operational capability to support global war on terror operations starting in 2005. The AST team demonstrated keen ingenuity and exceptional management performance for all aspects of the design, development, and production of the Littoral Surveillance Radar System, and exemplifies the under secretary's Number 1 goal to have a high-performing, agile, and ethical workforce.
William P. Delaney, Director's Office Fellow, was presented with a Department of the Navy Superior Public Service Award. The citation, presented by the Honorable Delores Etter, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, was for exceptionally outstanding service as chairman of the Advanced Sensor Technology Executive Advisory Panel from November 1997 to July 2004. The panel, which provided long-range vision and advice to senior Navy leadership, recommended an extensive range of mission capabilities for advanced sensors and was instrumental in the deployment of the Littoral Surveillance Radar System, the nation's most advanced airborne surveillance radar. Mr. Delaney's contribution was recognized in his certificate of award: "The positioning of the Littoral Surveillance Radar System at the forefront of our combat operations is due in no small part to his leadership and direct personal intervention."
The tactical analysis and combat tracking exploitation (TACTEX) team is responsible for certain missions and tasks. It is organized to provide the moving target indicator (MTI) capability to supported units, has a specified C2 relationship, and has its own concept of employment. Specific TACTEX tasks include providing the capability to communicate, via voice and/or digital link, with a variety of the MTI platforms, including but not limited to the E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS), the P3 Orion Littoral Surveillance Radar System (LSRS), the Sentinelís Airborne Standoff Radar, the Sea King Mk7 Airborne Surveillance and Control helicopter, and the vehicle dismount and exploitation radar (VADER) platform.
Analysts are required to exploit GMTI data in Near Real Time through the establishment of data links to GMTI capable platforms to include but nat limited to the E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Acquisition Radar System (JSTARS} and the P-3 Orion Littoral Radar Surveillance System (LSRS) as well as perform for-ensic analysis of historical data.
The Tactical Air Coordinator (Airborne) - TAC(A) - augments the air support operations center (ASOC) by extending its range and al-lowing it to send and receive information at greater distances ó essentially radio relay. Its most essential function is battle management commandand control (BMC2). Two essential components enable the TAC(A) to provide BMC2: capable platforms and highly trained operator. BMC2 requires skilled professionals leveraging capable technology to direct employment of air power. Platforms such as the Royal Air Forceís Sentinel and the US Navyís P-3 LSRS possess networked and integrated capabilities but do not have battle-management professionals to conduct BMC2. Rather, they are relegated to surveillance-only missions.
During the Northern Edge Premier Joint Training Exercise at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, 20 June 2011, participants practiced techniques and tactics correlating with defensive counter air, close air support, air exclusion of marine targets, and personnel recovery operations.
Patrol Squadron TWO SIX deployed in May 2013 to the SEVENTH Fleet AOR, marking the first integrated active and reserve P-3C deployment. The Tridents executed 245 operational missions and 3,808 flight hours in support of 28 multi-national exercises, 20 U.S. maritime exercises, and 23 detachments to 12 countries, including the first U.S. P-3C detachment to New Zealand since 1984. The Tridentís also performed the first dual LSRS mission, the first VQ-LSRS cross cueing operation and the first complete image collection of a priority target in support of Commander, US.
Using real-time lessons learned from RIMPAC, CVW-5 executed the first operational shots of live JSOW C-1s during the Valiant Shield 2016 Sink Exercise (SINKEX), resulting in high-order impacts and the sinking of the former USS Rentz. This event included multiple firsts for JSOW, including the first-ever operational employment of an air-launched networkenabled weapon and receipt of targeting data from the Littoral Surveillance Radar System (LSRS).
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