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Intelligence

FM 34-43: Multiservice Procedures for Requesting Reconnaissance Information in a Joint Environment

GLOSSARY

PART I - ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

A

AA antiaircraft

AAA antiaircraft artillery

AAGS Army Air-Ground System

ABCCC airborne battlefield command and control center

ACC Air Combat Command

ACE aviation combat element

ACTYP aircraft type

AFARN Air Force Air Request Net

AFKAI Authorized to Specified Allies Crypto Variable Program Keying Specification Operational Recognition and/or Identification System

AIRLANT Naval Air Forces, Atlantic

AIRPAC Naval Air Forces, Pacific

AIRREQRECON air request reconnaissance

AIRSUPREQ air support request

ALSA Air Land Sea Application

AMPN amplification

ANDVT advanced narrrowband digital voice terminal

AOC air operations center

ASAP as soon as possible

ASOC air support operations center

ATC air traffic control

ATO air tasking order

AVLB armored vehicle-launched bridge

AWACS Airborne Warning and Control System

B

BCE battlefield control element

BDE brigade

BN battalion

C

C2 command and control

C3 command, control, and communications

C4I command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

CANX cancel

CATF Commander, Amphibious Task Force

CBT common battery terminal

CCD camouflage, concealment, and deception

CDR commander

CE command element

CIA Central Intelligence Agency

CINC commander in chief

CINCLANT Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet

CIO Central Imagery Office

CM collection management; centimeter

COMCARAIRWING Commander, Carrier Air Wing

COMFITWING Commander, Fighter Wing

COMFITWINGPAC Commander, Fighter Wing U.S. Pacific Fleet

COMINT communications intelligence

COMSAT communications security

CONUS Continental United States

CON conference

CNO Chief of Naval Operations

CSSE combat service support element

D

DA Department of Army

DARS daily airborne reconnaissance and surveillance

DASC direct air support center

DECL declassify

DG downgrade

DG(C) downgrade to (Confidential)

DG(S) downgrade to (Secret)

DIA Defense Intelligence Agency

div division

doc document

DOD Department of Defense

E

EA electronic attack

EC electronic combat

ECCM electronic counter-countermeasures

ECM electronic countermeasures

EEI essential elements of information

e.g. for example

ELINT electronic intelligence

ELP elliptical

EMCON emissions control

EO electrooptic

EP electronic protection

ES electronic warfare support

ESM electronic warfare support measures

execr exercise

EW electronic warfare

F

FAC forward air controller

FAX facsimile

FIIV force imagery interpretation

fir fighter

FISINT foreign instrumentation signals intelligence

FLAR forward-looking airborne radar

FLIR forward-looking infrared

FMF Fleet Marine Force

FSCC fire support coordination center

ft feet

ftr fighter

G

G-2 Army or Marine Corps component intelligence staff officer (Army division or higher staff, Marine Corps brigade or higher staff)

GCE ground combat element

GENTEX general text

GSR ground/surface surveillance radar

H

HUMINT human intelligence

HF high frequency; hundreds of feet

HM hectometers

I

IAW in accordance with

IDENT identification

i.e. that is

IIR imagery interpretation report

IMINT imagery intelligence

IN intelligence staff (Air Force component); inch

INFLTREP in-flight report

info information

INTREP intelligence report

IPB intelligence preparation of the battlespace

IPIR initial phase interpretation report

IR infrared

ISAR inverse synthetic aperture radar

J

J-2 Intelligence Directorate of a joint staff

J-3 Operations Directorate of a joint staff

J-6 Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Systems Directorate of a joint staff

JFACC joint force air component commander

JFC joint force commander

JFLCC joint force land component commander

JFMCC joint force maritime component commander

JIC joint intelligence center

JTF joint task force

JUH-MTF Joint User Handbook - Message Text Formats

JWICS Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System

K

k thousand

KF kilofeet

km kilometer

L

LCC land component commander

LOC line of communications

LTIOV last time information is of value

ltr letter

M

M million; meter

MAGTF Marine air ground task force

MASINT measurement and signature intelligence

MCPDS Marine Corps Publication Distribution System

MEF Marine expeditionary force

min minute

MISREP mission report

MLC military load class

mm millimeter

MSC major subordinate command

MSG message

MSGCHANGEREP message change report

MSGID message identification

MSNTYP mission type

MSTART mission start

MT motor transport

MTI moving target indicator

N

NAI named area of interest

NARR narrative

NAS naval air station

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NEF Naval Expeditionary Force

NIIRS national imagery interpretation rating system

NIST national intelligence support team

NM nautical miles

NMJIC National Military Joint Intelligence Center

NOTAL not provided to all concerned

NRO National Reconnaissance Office

NRT near real time

NSA National Security Agency

num number

NVG night vision goggle

NWJIC National

O

OADR originating agency's determination required

OPCON operational control

OPER operation

OPR office of primary responsibility

OPREP operations report

OPS operations

P

PACAF Pacific Air Force

PASEP passed separately

PC personal computer

PERID period

POL petroleum, oil, and lubricants

Pub publication

PR priority

PRY priority

PSYOP psychological operations

R

recce reconnaissance

RECCEXREP reconnaissance exploitation report

REF reference

REQNO request number

REQDAT request date

RFI request for information

RI request for information

RRI response to request for information

RTC reconnaissance target code

S

S2 battalion or brigade intelligence staff officer

SAM surface-to-air missile

SAR synthetic aperture radar

SARC surveillance and reconnaissance coordination

SCAMP senior control management platoon

SIGINT signals intelligence

SIS/VPN special information system/voice product net

SLAR side-looking airborne radar

SM status miles

SOF special operations forces

SOI signal operating instructions

SP self-propelled

SR special reconnaissance

SSM surface-to-surface missile

STANAG standing agreement

SUPIR supplemental photographic interpretation report

T

TACC tactical air command center (USMC)/tactical air control center (USN)

TACELINT tactical ELINT

TACP tactical air control party

TACREP tactical report

TACS theater air control system

TADC tactical air direction center

TAOC tactical air operations center

TARPS tactical airborne reconnaissance POD system

tel telephone

TIBS tactical information broadcast service

TOC tactical operations center

TOPO topographic

TRAP tactical related applications

TTP tactics, techniques, and procedures

U

UAV unmanned aerial vehicle

UHF ultra high frequency

UNCLAS unclassified

UNK unknown

US United States

USAFE United States Air Forces Europe

USCG United States Coast Guard

USMTF United States Message Text Format

UTM universal transverse mercator

UV ultraviolet

V

VHF very high frequency

W

WOC wing operations center

Y

yd yard

Z

ZULU time zone indicator for Universal Time

PART II - TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

beacon.
A light or electronic source which emits a distinctive or characteristic signal used for the determination of bearings, courses, or location.

command and control (C2).
The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission.

command and control warfare (C2W).
The integrated use of operations security (OPSEC), military deception, psychological operations (PSYOP), electronic warfare (EW), and physical destruction, mutually supported by intelligence, to deny information to, influence, degrade, or destroy adversary command and control capabilities while protecting friendly command and control capabilities against such actions. Also called C2W. C2W applies across the operational continuum and all levels of conflict. C2W is both offensive and defensive:

    counter-C2. To prevent effective C2 of adversary forces by denying information to,influencing, degrading or destroying the adversary C2 system.

    C2-protection. To maintain effective command and control of own forces by turning to friendly advantage or negating adversary efforts to deny information to, influence, degrade or destroy the friendly C2 system.

compatibility.
Capability of two or more items or components of equipment or material to exist or function in the same system or environment without mutual interference.

electronic warfare (EW).
Any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. The three major subdivisions within electronic warfare:

    electronic attack (EA). That division of electronic warfare involving the use of electromagnetic or directed energy to attack personnel, facilities, or equipment with the intent of degrading, neutralizing, or destroying enemy combat capability. EA includes actions taken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum, such as jamming and electromagnetic deception and employment of weapons that use either electromagnetic or directed energy as their primary destructive mechanism (lasers, radio frequency weapons, particle beams).

    electronic protection (EP). That division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to protect personnel, facilities, and equipment from any effects of friendly or enemy employment of electronic warfare that degrade, neutralize, or destroy friendly combat capability.

    electronic warfare support (ES). That division of electronic warfare involving actions tasked by, or under direct control of, an operational commander to search for, intercept, identify, and locate sources of intentional and unintentional radiated electromagnetic energy for the purpose of immediate threat recognition. Thus, electronic warfare support provides information required for immediate decisions involving electronic warfare operations and other tactical actions such as threat avoidance, targeting and homing. Electronic warfare support data can be used to produce signals intelligence (SIGINT), both communications intelligence (COMINT) and electronics intelligence (ELINT).

electrooptics (EO).
The technology associated with those components, devices and systems which are designed to interact between the electromagnetic (optical) and the electric (electronic) state.

emission control (EMCON).
The selective and controlled use of electromagnetic, acoustic, or other emitters to optimize command and control capabilities while minimizing, for operations security, detection by enemy sensors; to minimize mutual interference among friendly systems; and/or to execute a military deception plan.

essential elements of information (EEI).
The critical items of information regarding the enemy and the environment needed by the commander by a particular time to relate with other available information and intelligence in order to assist in reaching a logical decision.

imagery.
Collectively, the representations of objects reproduced electronically or by optical means on film, electronic display devices, or other media.

immediate mission request.
A request for an air strike on a target which, by its nature, could not be identified sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning.

infrared film.
Film carrying an emulsion especially sensitive to "near-infrared." Used to photograph through haze, because of the penetrating power of infrared light; and in camouflage detection to distinguish between living vegetation and dead vegetation or artificial green pigment.

infrared radiation (IR).
Radiation emitted or reflected in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

interoperability.
The ability of systems, units or forces to provide services to and accept services from other system, units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together.

joint.
Connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of more than one service of the same nation participate.

joint force.
A general term applied to a force which is composed of significant elements of the Army, the Navy or the Marine Corps and the Air Force, or two or more of these services, operating under a single commander authorized to exercise unified command or operational control over joint forces.

joint force air component commander (JFACC).
The joint force air component commander derives his authority from the joint force commander who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among his subordinate commanders, redirect and organize his forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of his overall mission. The joint force commander will normally designate a joint force air component commander. The joint force air component commander's responsibilities will be assigned by the joint force commander (normally these would include, but not be limited to, planning, coordination, allocation, and tasking based on the joint force commander's apportionment decision). Using the joint force commander's guidance and authority, and in coordination with other service component commanders and other assigned or supporting commanders, the joint force air component commander will recommend to the joint force commander apportionment of air sorties to various missions or geographic areas.

joint force commander (JFC).
A general term applied to a commander authorized to exercise Combatant Command (command authority) or operational control over a joint force.

joint task force (JTF).
A force composed of assigned or attached elements of the Army, the Navy, or the Marine Corps, and the Air Force, or two or more of these services, which is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of Defense or by the commander of a unified command, a specified command, or an existing joint task force.

preplanned mission request.
A request for an air strike on a target which can be anticipated sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning.

radar.
A radio detection device which provides information on range, azimuth and/or elevation of objects.

service component command.
A command consisting of the service component commander and all those individuals, units, detachments, organizations and installations under the command that have been assigned to the unified command.

signals intelligence (SIGINT).
A category of intelligence information comprising either individually or in combination of all communications intelligence, electronics intelligence, and foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, however transmitted.

    communications intelligence (COMINT). Technical and intelligence information derived from foreign communications by other that the intended recipients.

    electronics intelligence (ELINT). Technical and intelligence information derived from foreign non-communications electromagnetic radiations emanating from other than nuclear detonations or radioactive sources.

    foreign instrumentation signals intelligence (FISINT). Technical information and intelligence information derived from the intercept of foreign instrumentation signals by other than the intended recipients.

special operations.
Operations conducted by specially trained, equipped, and organized DOD forces against strategic or tactical targets in pursuit of national military, political, economic, or psychological objectives. These operations may be conducted during periods of peace or hostilities. They may support conventional operations, or they may be prosecuted independently when the use of conventional forces is either inappropriate or infeasible.

special operations forces (SOF).
Military units of the Army, Navy, and Air Force that are designated for special operations, as that term is defined, and are organized, trained, and equipped specifically to conduct special operations.



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