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Intelligence

Glossary

The glossary lists acronyms and terms with Army or joint definitions, and other selected terms.  Where Army and joint definitions are different, (Army) follows the term.  Terms for which FM 2-0 is the proponent FM (authority) are marked with an asterisk (*) and followed by the number of the paragraph () where they are discussed. For other terms, the number of the proponent FM follows the definition. JP 1-02 and FM 1-02 are posted in the Joint Electronic Library, which is available online and on CD-ROM.

A2C2Army Airspace Command and Control
AAavenue of approach
AAMDCArea Air and Missile Defense Command
ABCSArmy Battle Command System
ACActive Component
ACEanalysis and control element
ACINTacoustic intelligence (water)
ACOUSTINTacoustic intelligence (atmosphere)
ACRarmored cavalry regiment
ACTanalysis and control team
ADAair defense artillery
ADCONadministrative control
ADDOassistant deputy director for operations
ADOair defense officer
ADPautomated data processing
AFACSIAir Force Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence
AFIWCAir Force Information Warfare Center
AFMICArmed Forces Medical Intelligence Center
AFOSIAir Force Office of Special Investigation
AGMattack guidance matrix
AIAAir Force Intelligence Agency
AITRaided target recognition
ALOCadministrative and logistics operations center
AMCUS Army Materiel Command
AMDAir Missile Defense
AMHSAutomated Message Handling System
AMIBAllied Military Intelligence Battalion
*analysisDetermination of the significance of the information, relative to information and intelligence already known, and drawing deductions about the probable meaning of the evaluated information. (1-58)
AOarea of operations
AOCarea of concentration
AOIarea of interest
AOIRarea of intelligence responsibility
AORarea of responsibility
ARArmy Regulation
ARATArmy Reprogramming Analysis Team
ARCENTUS Army Central Command
ARFORArmy forces
ARISCArmy Reserve Intelligence Support Center
ARLairborne reconnaissance low
ARNGUS Army National Guard
ARSOFArmy Special Operations Forces
ASCCArmy Service Component Commander
ASPOArmy Space Program Office
ATantiterrorism
ATCAEArmy Technical Control Analysis Element
ATCCSArmy Tactical Command and Control System
ATRautomatic target recognition
ARTArmy tactical task
BDAbattle damage assessment
BDUbattle-dress uniform
BFACSBattlefield Functional Area Control System
BOSBattlefield Operating System
C/J2combined J2
C2command and control
CAcivil affairs
CASOCollection Activities and Source Operations
CATcrisis action team
CBRNchemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear
CBRNEchemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explo-sive
CCDcoherent change detection
CCIRcommander's critical information requirement
CD-ROMcompact disc-read only memory
CEcounterespionage
CECOMCommunications-Electronics Command
CEDcaptured enemy document
CEEcaptured enemy equipment
CEMcaptured enemy materiel
CFSOcounterintelligence force protection source operations
CGScommon ground station
CIcounterintelligence
CIACentral Intelligence Agency
CIACcounterintelligence analysis cell
CICACounterintelligence Coordinating Authority
CITOCentral Imagery Tasking Office
CJCSChairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
CMECCaptured Materiel Exploitation Center
CMFcareer management field
CMISECorps Military Intelligence Support Element
CMOcivil-military operations
CNAcomputer network attack
CNDcomputer network defense
CNEcomputer network exploitation
CNNCable News Network
CNOcomputer network operations
COAcourse of action
COCOMcombatant command (command authority)
COGcenter of gravity
COMINTcommunications intelligence
COMSECcommunications security
CONOPScontingency operations
CONPLANcontingency plan
CONUScontinental United States
COPcommon operational picture
COSCOMCorps Support Command
*counterintelligence1. Information gathered and activities conducted to protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted by or on behalf of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, or foreign persons, or international terrorist activities. (JP 1-02)
2. (Army) Counter-intelligence counters or neutralizes intelligence collection efforts through collection, CI investigations, operations, analysis and production, and functional and technical services. CI includes all actions taken to detect, identify, exploit, and neutralize the multi-discipline intelligence activities of friends, competitors, oppo-nents, adversaries, and enemies; and is the key intelligence community contributor to protect US interests and equities. (FM 2-0) (1-111)
CPcommand post
CRNcommand radio net
CScombat support
CSGcryptologic support group
CSScombat service support
CSSCSCombat Service Support Control System
CTCounterterrorism
*cueingThe use of one or more sensor systems to provide data that directs collection by other systems. (2-53)
CWTcombat weather team
DADepartment of the Army
DACDepartment of the Army Civilian
DAPDMDepartment of the Army Production and Dissemination Manage-ment
DCIDirector of Central Intelligence
DCS, G2Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence
*debriefingThe systematic questioning of individuals to procure information to answer specific collection requirements by direct and indirect questioning techniques. (6-4)
DFdirection finding
DHSDefense HUMINT Service
DIADefense Intelligence Agency
DIACDefense Intelligence Analysis Center
DIMHRSDefense Integrated Management Human Resource System
DIODefensive Information Operations
DISCOMDivision Support Command
DISUMdaily intelligence summary
DLPTDefense Language Proficiency Test
DMSDirector of Military Support
DOCEXdocument exploitation
*document exploitationThe systematic extraction of information from all media formats in response to collection requirements. (6-4)
DODDepartment of Defense
DOJDepartment of Justice
DOTDepartment of Transportation
DPdecision point
DPMdissemination program manager
DSdirect support
DSMdecision support matrix
DSTdecision support template
EAelectronic attack
EACechelons above corps
ECOAenemy course of action
EEFIessential elements of friendly information
ELINTelectronic intelligence
EMelectromagnetic
eMILPOelectronic Military Personnel Office System
EMSelectromagnetic spectrum
E-Oelectro-optical
EOBelectronic order of battle
EODexplosive ordinance disposal
EPelectronic protection
EPWenemy prisoner of war
ESelectronic warfare support (Army)
*evaluating1. Comparing relevant information (RI) on the situation or oper-ation against criteria to determine success or progress. (FM 6-0)
2. In intelligence usage, appraisal of an item of information in terms of credibility, reliability, pertinence, and accuracy. (FM 2-0) (1-26 and 1-98)
EWelectronic warfare
EWSelectronic warfare support (joint)
FBIFederal Bureau of Investigation
FDAfunctional damage assessment
FDUForce Design Update
FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency
FFIRfriendly force information requirement
FISINTforeign instrumentation signals intelligence
FISSForeign Intelligence Security Service
FLPPForeign Language Proficiency Pay
FMField Manual
FMAforeign materiel acquisition
FMEforeign materiel exploitation
FMEPForeign Materiel Exploitation Program
FMPForeign Materiel Program
FMTForeign Materiel for Training
FPforce protection
FRAGOfragmentary order
FSfire support
FSACFire Support Armaments Center
FSEfire support element
FSOfire support officer
G1Assistant Chief of Staff, Personnel
G2Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence
G3Assistant Chief of Staff, Operations
G4Assistant Chief of Staff, Logistics
G5Assistant Chief of Staff, Civil/Military Affairs
G6Assistant Chief of Staff, Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Operations
G7Assistant Chief of Staff, Information Operations
GMIgeneral military intelligence
GPSGlobal Positioning System
GSgeneral support
GS-Rgeneral support-reinforcing
HNhost nation
HOC HUMINT operations cell
HPThigh-payoff target
HQheadquarters
HQDAHeadquarters, Department of the Army
HSIhyperspectral imaging
HUMINThuman intelligence
*human intelligenceCollection by a trained HUMINT collector of foreign information from people and multimedia to identify elements, intentions, composition, strength, dispositions, tactics, equipment, personnel, and capabilities. It uses human sources and a variety of collection methods, both passively and actively, to gather information to satisfy the commander's intelligence requirements and cross-cue other intelligence disciplines. (1-106 and 6-1)
HVThigh-value target
I/Rinternment and resettlement (operations)
I&Windications and warnings
ICCIntelligence Coordination Center (US Coast Guard)
ICFintelligence contingency fund
ICLintelligence coordination line
IDCInformation Dominance Center
IIRintelligence information report
IMinformation management
IMAindividual mobilization augmentee
IMEPInternational Materiel Evaluation Program
IMETSIntegrated Meteorological System
IMINTimagery intelligence
*indications and(joint) Those intelligence activities intended to detect and
warningreport time-sensitive intelligence information on foreign developments that could involve a threat to the United States or allied and/or coalition military, political, or economic interests or to US citizens abroad. It includes forewarning of enemy actions or intentions; the imminence of hostilities; insurgency; nuclear or non-nuclear attack on the United States, its overseas forces, or allied and/or coalition nations; hostile reactions to US reconnaissance activities; terrorists attacks; and other similar events. (2-19)
*indicator(Army) Positive or negative evidence of threat activity or any characteristic of the AO which points toward threat vulnerabilities or the adoption or rejection by the threat of a particular capability, or which may influence the commander's selection of a COA. Indicators may result from previous actions or from threat failure to take action. (FM 2-0) (5-14)
INFOSECinformation security
*infrastructure(joint) All building and permanent installations necessary for support, redeployment, and military forces operations (e.g., barracks, headquarters, airfields, communications facilities, stores, port installations, and maintenance stations). (JP 4-01.8) 2. (Army) In intelligence usage, the basic underlying framework or feature of a thing; in economics, basic resources, communications, industries, and so forth, upon which others depend; in insurgency, the organization (usually hidden) of insurgent leadership. (FM 2-0) (5-8)
INRBureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
INSImmigration and Naturalization Service
INSCOMUS Army Intelligence and Security Command
intelligence(joint) The product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or areas. 2. Information and knowledge about an adversary obtained through observation, investigation, analysis, or understanding. (1-3)
*intelligenceA line that designates the boundary between AOIRs. The G2/S2
coordination line establishes ICLs to facilitate coordination between higher, lateral, and subordinate units; coordinates with the G3/S3 to direct subordinates to track enemy units and HPTs in their areas; and hands over intelligence responsibility for areas of the battlefield. The establishment of ICLs ensures that there are no gaps in the collection effort; that all echelons are aware of the location, mis-sion, and capabilities of other assets; facilitates asset cueing, and provides timely exchange of information between assets. The G2/S2 keeps abreast of collection activities in progress (all echelons) and battlefield developments through the ICLs.
(3-13)
intelligence discipline(joint) A well-defined area of intelligence collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting using a specific category of technical or human resources. There are seven major disciplines: human intelligence, imagery intelligence, measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence (communications intelligence, electronic intelligence, and foreign instrumentation signals intel-ligence), all-source intelligence, technical intelligence, and counterintelligence. (1-104)
*intelligence processA theoretical model used to describe intelligence operations. The intelligence process is not a framework for actual operations because the functions and common tasks occur in parallel as opposed to sequentially. (1-91)
*intelligence products Intelligence products are generally placed in one of six categories: I&W, current, general military, target, S&T, and CI. The categories are distinguished from each other primarily by the purpose for which the intelligence was produced. The categories often overlap, and the same intelligence data can be used in each of the categories. (1-5)
INTREPintelligence report
INTSUMintelligence summary
*intelligence(Army) Those requirements generated from the staff's IRs
requirementsregarding the enemy and environment that are not a part of the CCIR (PIR and FFIR). Intelligence requirements require collection and can pro-vide answers in order to identify indicators of enemy actions or intent, which reduce the uncertainties associated with an operation. Significant changes (i.e., branches and sequels) with an operation usually lead to changes in intelligence requirements. (2-7)
*intelligence running The intelligence running estimate is a continuous flow and pre-
estimatesentation of relevant information and predictive intelligence that, when combined with the other staff running estimates, enable the decisionmaker's visualization and situational understanding of the AOI in order to achieve information superiority. The intelligence running estimate requires constant verification to support situational understanding of the current situation as well as predictive assessments for future operations. (5-30)
*intelligence The task that ensures ISR operations are linked to the comman-
synchronizationder's requirements and respond in time to influence decisions and operations. The intelligence officer, with staff participation, synchronizes the entire collection effort to include all assets the commander controls, assets of lateral units and higher echelons units and organizations, and intelligence reach to answer the commander's CCIR (PIR and FFIR). (1-24)
*intelligence The plan the intelligence officer uses, with staff input, to synchro-
synchronization plannize the entire collection effort to include all assets the commander controls, assets of lateral units, and higher echelon units and organizations, and intelligence reach to answer the commander's CCIR (PIR and FFIR). (1-38)
IOinformation operations
IPBintelligence preparation of the battlefield
IPIRInitial Phase Imagery Report
IPTFinternational police task force
IRinformation requirement
IRINTinfrared intelligence
IRRIndividual Ready Reserve
ISMintelligence synchronization matrix
ISRintelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
J2Joint Staff Directorate, Intelligence
J2AJoint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (Administrative)
J2JJoint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (Joint)
J2MJoint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (Management)
J2O Joint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (Operations)
J2PJoint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (Assessments, Doctrine)
J2TJoint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (Targeting)
J2XJoint Staff Directorate, Intelligence (CI & HUMINT)
J3Joint Staff Directorate, Operations
J5Joint Staff Directorate, Civil Affairs
JACJoint Analysis Center
JCMECJoint Captured Materiel Exploitation Center
JCOJoint Commission Observers
JCSJoint Chiefs of Staff
JDECJoint Document Exploitation Center
JDISSJoint Deployable Intelligence Support System
JFCjoint force commander
JIAWGjoint interagency working group
JICJoint Intelligence Center
JIFJoint Interrogation Facility
JISEjoint intelligence support element
JOAjoint operations area
JPJoint Publication
JSTARSJoint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System
JTFjoint task force
JTMDjoint table of mobilization and distribution
JWICSJoint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System
LANlocal area network
LASINTlaser intelligence
LCCland component commander
LEAlaw enforcement agency
LIDARlaser radar
LNlocal national
LNOliaison officer
LOCline of communication
LOSline of sight
LPTlogistics preparation of the theater
LTIOVlatest time information is of value
MACOMmajor Army command
MASINTmeasurement and signature intelligence
*materiel(Army) In intelligence usage, the all-encompassing term for the weapons systems, equipment, apparatus, documents, and supplies of a foreign military force or nonmilitary organization. (2-24)
MCIAMarine Corps Intelligence Agency
MCOOmodified combined obstacle overlay
MCSManeuver Control System
MDMPmilitary decisionmaking process
MEAmunitions effects assessment
METLmission-essential task list
METT-TCmission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available, time available, civil considerations
MImilitary intelligence
MLTmachine language translation
MNFCmultinational force commander
MOmethod of operation
MOPPmission-oriented protective posture
MOSmilitary occupational specialty
MPmilitary police
MSCmajor subordinate command
MSEmobile subscriber equipment
MSImulti-spectral imagery
MSICMissile and Space Intelligence Center
MTImoving target indicator
MTOEmodified table of organization and equipment
MTWmajor theater war
NAInamed area of interest
NAICNational Air Intelligence Center
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBCnuclear, biological, and chemical
NCANational Command Authorities
NCOnoncommissioned officer
NCRnational cryptologic representative
NCTInon-cooperative target identification
NEOnoncombatant evacuation operation
NFHNational Defense Headquarters, Canada
NGANational Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
NGOnon-governmental organization
NICNational Intelligence Center
NIIRSNational Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale
NIMANational Imagery and Mapping Agency
NISTNational Intelligence Support Team
NLTnot later than
NMCCNational Military Command
NMICNational Maritime Intelligence Center
NMJICNational Military Joint Intelligence Center
NRONational Reconnaissance Office
NRTnear-real time
NSANational Security Agency
NSCNational Security Council
NUCINTNuclear Intelligence
NVDnight vision device
OBorder of battle
OEoperational environment
OMAOffice of Military Affairs
OMBOffice of Management and Budget
OMToperational management team
ONDCPOffice of National Drug Control Policy
ONIOffice of Naval Intelligence
ONIRoverhead non-imaging infrared
OPCONoperational control
OPLANoperation plan
OPORDoperation order
OPSECoperations security
OSCoperations support cell
OSCEOrganization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSDOffice of the Secretary of Defense
OSINTopen-source intelligence
PAOPublic Affairs Office
PDAphysical damage assessment
PIAPPolice Information Assessment Program
PIOpolice intelligence operations
PIRpriority intelligence requirement
PMEpeacetime military engagement
POCpoint of contact
PODport of debarkation
POEport of embarkation
*predictive intelligenceIntelligence analysis conclusions, assessments or products that attempt to define, describe, present, or portray the future situation or condition of the enemy or battlespace. (1-3)
*priority intelligence(joint) Those intelligence requirements for which a commander
requirementshas an anticipated and stated priority in his task of planning and decision-making. (FM 2-0) (1-32)
*process/A function of the intelligence process that involves converting
processingcollected data, which is not already in a comprehensible form when it is reported, into a form that is understandable and suitable for analysis and production of intelligence. Examples of processing include developing film, enhancing imagery, translating a document from a foreign language, converting electronic data into a standardized report that can be analyzed by a system operator, and correlating dissimilar or jumbled information by assembling like elements before the information is forwarded for analysis. (FM 2-0) (1-96)
*production In intelligence usage, conversion of information into intelligence through the integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of all source data and the preparation of intelligence products in support of known or anticipated user requirements. (4-20)
PSYOPpsychological operations
QRCquick reaction capability
QRFquick reaction force
R&Dresearch and development
RADINTradar intelligence
RCreserve component
RDECResearch, Development, and Engineering Center
REMBASSRemotely Monitored Battlefield Sensor System
*requirements The intelligence task that develops a prioritized list of what infor-
managementmation needs to be collected and produced into intelligence, dynamically updates and adjusts those requirements in response to mission adjustments/changes, and places a latest time intelli-gence is of value to ensure intelligence and information is reported to meet operational requirements. (2-83)
RFradio frequency
RFIrequest for information
RFWradio frequency weapon
RIrelevant information
RMrequirements management
ROErules of engagement
ROKRepublic of Korea
ROZrestricted operating zone
RSO&Ireception, staging, onward movement, and integration
RSOCRegional Security Operations Center
RSPrender safe procedure
RTCAERegional Technical Control and Analysis Element
running estimateA staff estimate, continuously updated, based on new information as the operation proceeds. (FM 6-0) (5-28)
S&Tscientific and technical
S&TIscientific and technical intelligence
S1Staff Officer, Personnel
S2Staff Officer, Intelligence
S2XStaff Officer, Intelligence (CI & HUMINT)
S3Staff Officer, Operations
S4Staff Officer, Logistics
S5Staff Officer, Civil Affairs
S6Staff Officer, Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Operations
SAPspecial access program
SARsynthetic aperture radar
SATCOMsatellite communications
SBCCOMChemical and Biological Defense Command
SCIsensitive compartmented information
SCIFsensitive compartmented information facility
SIDPERSStandard Installation Division Personnel System
SIGINTsignals intelligence
SIGOsignal officer
SIIstatement of intelligence interest
SIOsenior intelligence officer
SIPRNETSecret Internet Protocol Router Network
SIRspecific information requirement
SITMAPsituation map
*situation template(Army) A depiction of a potential adversary course of action as part of a particular adversary operation. Situation templates are developed on the adversary's current situation (for example, training and experience levels, logistic status, losses, and disposition), the environment, and adversary doctrine or patterns of operations. The commander dictates the level to depict the adversary based on the factors of METT-TC (at minimum two levels of command below the friendly force) as a part of his guidance for mission analysis. (FM 2-0) (1-58)
SJAstaff judge advocate
SMUspecial mission unit
SOCOMsatellite communications on-the-move
SOFspecial operations forces
SOFAstatus of forces agreement
SOPstanding operating procedure
SOTASIGINT operational tasking authority
SRspecial reconnaissance
SRTDsignals research and target development
SSOspecial security office
STANAGstandardization agreement (NATO)
STICEURScientific and Technology Intelligence Center Europe
SUPRsupplemental imagery report
SWOstaff weather officer
TAtarget acquisition
TACONtactical control
*tactical questioningThe expedient initial questioning for information of immediate tactical value. (FM 2-0) (6-6)
TAItarget area of interest
TCAEtechnical control and analysis element
TCNthird-country national
*technical controlThe technical function to ensure adherence to existing policies or regulations and provide technical guidance for MI activities, particularly HUMINT, SIGINT, and CI operations. (FM 2-0) (3-23)
TECHINTtechnical intelligence
TECOMTest and Evaluation Command
TENCAPTactical Exploitation of National Capabilities
TEUTechnical Escort Unit
THREATCONthreat condition
TIBTheater Intelligence Brigade
TIGTheater Intelligence Group
TIMtoxic industrial material
TLPtroop-leading procedure
TOCtactical operations center
TPFDDTime Phased Force Deployment Data
TRADOCUS Army Training and Doctrine Command
TSAtarget system assessment
TSCMTechnical Surveillance Countermeasures
TSEtheater support element
TTPtactics, techniques, and procedures
TVAthreat vulnerability assessment
UAVunmanned aerial vehicle
UNUnited Nations
USUnited States
USAFUnited States Air Force
USARUnited States Army Reserve
USCUnited States Code
USCENTCOMUnited States Central Command
USCGUnited States Coast Guard
USCSUnited States Cryptologic System
USEUCOMUnited States European Command
USJFCOMUnited States Joint Forces Command
USMCUnited States Marine Corps
USNORTHCOMUnited States Northern Command
USPACECOMUnited States Space Command
USPACOMUnited States Pacific Command
USSIDUnited States Signal Intelligence Directive
USSOCOMUnited States Special Operations Command
USSOUTHCOMUnited States Southern Command
USSPACECOMUnited States Space Command
USSTRATCOMUnited States Strategic Command
USTRANSCOMUnited States Transportation Command
VJ2Vice J2
VTCvideo teleconference
WANwide area network
WARNOwarning order
WMDweapons of mass destruction
WOwarrant officer

 



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