Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


The AS-1 air-to-surface missile is a subsonic, turbojet-powered, cruise missile with a range between 35 to 97 nm. It weighs approximately 6030-lb and has a conventional warhead of 2020-lb. For guidance, it uses a preprogrammed autopilot for launch and climb, a beam rider for mid-course and semi-active radar for terminal flight. It has a CEP of 150 ft when used in an anti-ship role and a CEP of 1.0 nm when used against land targets. Two AS-1 missiles are carried on the Badger B aircraft. Production of the AS-1 is estimated to have began in 1953, with IOC reached in 1956. It was first seen in 1961.

Two versions of the SSC-2 were developed from the Soviet "KENNEL" air-to-surface anti-shipping missile. They resemble a small jet fighter in appearance and are transported on one-axle semi trailers. The field missile SSC-2a "SALISH" is launched from its transport semi trailer which is towed by a KrAZ-214 tractor truck The SSC-2b "SAMLET" coastal missile transport semi trailer is towed by a ZIL-157V tractor truck and is not used for launching. The missile must be removed from the transport semi trailer and placed on a large rail-type launcher for firing. The "SAMLET" coastal defense missile is the most commonly encountered cruise missile, and has been identified in East Germany and Poland.

KS Comet

KS - cruise antiship missile of the system "comet" of class "air-surface" with the turbojet engine RD -500 and the beam-rider guidance system + OF ARLGSN (in the last stage of flight). Active homing head, autopilot, telemetering equipment were developed BY KB -1, chief designer of which he was Sergo of Beria (son Of l. p. Beria). Sometimes this circumstance helped with the operational solution "in the tops" of the appearing questions. Glider - all-metal riveted monoplane with the arrow-shaped (35() wing. The basic material of glider - duralumin DY'T, critical attachment points are made made of steel E0KHGSA, fairing - from the foam plastic.

Rocket was accepted to the armament in 1953, and the starting of its technical documentation into the production was realized in third quarter of 1951.

The reserve of the assemblies of glider KS was prepared very operationally, but with the large number of retreats from the technical documentation: - skins in some places were not riveted with the ribs and the frames; - are delayed by 10-20 mm attachment points; - are revealed the large tracks of the corrosion (material it did not have anticorrosive coating, it did not undergo anodizing, oxidizing and so forth.) and many other retreats.

The reason for this state was both in the low qualification of workers and in the absence of inspection OTK and representative of customer. Toward the end of 1951 from OKB began to enter new large design changes. But rocket- that they were necessary already for conducting the tests. Situation proved to be very complex. At this moment to the plant arrives the chief of central board - M. n. Korneyev. In the office of director he placed to himself cot and continuously, and in the daytime, and at night, together with S. i. belilovskiy he governed the motion of production.

The group of young specialists in the composition Of n. Fedorov, A. konashkinoy and G. Savelyev analyzed all retreats from the technical documentation, existing on the reserve of aggregates, it typified them and gave out the standard versions of the modifications of these articles. This document, coordinated with the customer, was named, "DOPA TU" - additional technical specifications. Entire reserve of the assemblies of rocket KS was finished and returned on it. One should especially note that to us, to young specialists, greatly much entrusted at that time. For example, the decision of designer, given out in the list of defects, was considered final. This superimposed on us the great responsibility, and we justified it. We passed large, effective practical school for the mastery of rocket engineering, which subsequently played important role in our fate.

With the mastery KS many questions appeared on anticorrosive coatings, and also on the receiving inspection of materials. For this purpose at the plant in 1953 central plant laboratory (TSZL), is organized, headed its Borisov Innocent Ivanovich. But during March 1953 to the post of the chief metallurgist of plant from Komsomol'sk-on- Amur arrives Zvyagin Aleksandr Sergeyevich. Its assistants become colleagues It oGMet: V. d. chekushenkov, who leads steel and iron casting, N. d. kalutskaya (Ivanov) - colored casting and V. n. lezhenin - the protection of metals from the corrosion.

In connection with a sharp increase in the volume of works along the rocket KS the shop # 12 is reconstructed: are organized individual sections of heat treatment, smith-forging operations, is separated separately the small section of magnesium casting, since, combined with the "aluminum" section, it issued much marriage on the impurities, the alien starts, etc.

In 1952 are created the shop of final assembling the articles KS, (by chief it is assigned A. V. kolomenskiy), motor- test station (chief b. p. Morozov) and quality-control and testing shop - KITS (his chief he was Ye. n. kulikov). Such organizational measures arranged the complete technological complex, necessary for the production and the contractual deliveries of rockets of the type KS.

KSS (S-2)

KSS (S-2) - the antiship cruise missile of the system "knoll" of ground-based basing with the beam-rider guidance system + OF ARLGSN, the sustainer engine RD -500K and the booster engine SPRD-YSHCH. Rocket is developed on the base of rocket KS with the adoption of the elements of the construction of tail assembly and fuselage. Wings are added with the storage and the transport. The reconstruction of foundry production answered the solution of problems, also, by this article, since the adoption of details it was main very large, and external circumscriptions S -2 differed little from KS. For the imitation of the action of impact on onboard equipment with the starting conditions was designed, prepared and introduced into the work the so-called shifting stand with the selections of the copper crushers of the necessary sizes, whose reduction with the impact imitated overload with the start. Critical for the organization of the work of this stand it was s. K. kusheverskiy. In 1957 the rocket S -2 was accepted to the armament. With this rocket was simultaneously neglected into the production and rocket KS-7.

KS-7 (FKR-Y)

The KS-7 Meteor was one of the early Soviet ground-to-ground missiles created on the base from an KS-1 air-to-air missile equipped with turbo jet engine. KS-7 (FKR-Y) front cruise missile for the ground-based mobile complex FKR-Y with the beam rider guidance. Glider is borrowed from the article KSS. Sustainer engine - RD -500K, booster engine - SPRD-YSHCH. The organization of technological process and technological process itself were borrowed from the articles KS and KSS did not cause special problems with the launching of rocket into the production.

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