Military


Hsiung-Feng II

From the experience and technology gained from the Hsiung-Feng I development project, and extended range Hsiung-Feng II missile was developed with anti-jamming seeker and an automatic engagement capability. This antiship guided missile is 4.6 meters long, has a diameter of 0.34 meters, weighs 685 kilograms, and has a range of 80 kilometers, a speed of Mach 0.65, and a warhead weighing 180 kilograms [some reports state that the warhead weighs 225 kilograms]. Some reports claim that the top speed of the the HSIUNG-FENG II antiship guided missile is as high as Mach 0.85. But the similar United States HARPOON guided missile also has a speed of only Mach 0.75 and theTOMAHAWK guided missile has a speed of Mach 0.72.

There are three versions to be launched from sea, air and ground on various platforms. The Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology Second Institute is engaged in follow-up research and development projects, including preparatory research and development of the Hsiung Feng II-E weapon system, concerning which no details have been made public.

Coastal Missile SquadronTaiwn's Navy deploys several batteries of Hsiung Feng II surface-to-surface missiles for coastal defense on Tung-Ying and Wu-Chiu islands. These batteries are under the control of Missile Command.

In December 2000 Taiwan's Navy announced plans to replace the Hsiung Feng-II with the Harpoon as the standard anti-ship missile on the Cheng Kung-class frigate. The decision grew from concerns for the higher cost-effectiveness of the new weapon system. Compared with the RGM -84L Harpoon missile, the Hsiung Feng-II was judged inferior in respect to range and maneuverability. The Hsiung Feng-II missiles on board the Cheng Kung-class frigates will be moved to the domestically-built Ching Chiang-class patrol boats, as well as the next-generation missile boats in a pre-production. The Hsiung Feng-II missile had been chosen for the Cheng Kung-class frigate because the US was not willing to sell the Harpoons to Taiwan when the frigates were built.

Taiwan's future SSM may be a cruise missile based on the current HSIUNG-FENG II antiship guided missile. If the HSIUNG-FENG II antiship guided missile is used as a basis for remaking the SSM, then based on cruise missile characteristics the external form and weight of the modified SSM would be basically the same as the original antiship guided missile. The range could be increased to about 230 kilometers, but the speed still would be Mach 0.65. Because of the increased range, it would be necessary to increase the amount of fuel. The weight of the warhead would be reduced to 150 or 100 kilograms and the accuracy would be about 100 meters.

Hsiung Feng II-E (Brave Wind)

In 2001 it was reported that a land attack cruise missile, designated Hsiung Feng 2E, based on the HF-2, has a range of 1,000km. Though only in its development stages, the HF-2E will be a major advance for Tai-wan. For the first time, Taiwan will be able to attack targets as far away as Shanghai.

On 05 June 2005 it was repoted that Taiwan had successfully test fired its first long range cruise missile. The exact date of the test was unclear, though there was speculation that it may have been in March 2005. The Hsiung Feng cruise missile, developed by the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology, was reported to have a range of 1,000 kilometers. Defense Minister Lee Jye witnessed the test firing of the missile from Jiupeng / Chiupeng military base in southern Pingtung county. The missile flew more than 500 kilometers before hitting its target.

A small number of the cruise missiles were expected to enter pilot production in late 2005 or early 2006. The Hsiung Feng cruise missile still needs to have its terminal-guidance technology enhanced. Several years may be needed before Taiwan can begin mass production of the missile. Taiwan is striving to build up its capabilities to counter the missile buildup of China, which had targeted the island with at least 700 ballistic missiles by 2005.

In August 2005 The China Times reported that Taiwan had begun deploying home-made cruise missiles on mobile launchers that are capable of hitting major military targets in southeast China. The Hsiung Feng missiles, said to have a range of 1,000 kilometers (600 miles), were deployed by the defense ministry's new Missile Command. The missiles were said to cost some 100 million Taiwan dollars (3.13 million US) apiece. Taiwan reportedly successfully test-fired its first cruise missile earlier this year which flew over 500 kilometers before hitting its target.

In August 2005 The China Times reported that the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology, was developing cruise missiles with a range of 2,000 kilometers for further deployment.

The Ministry of National Defense spokesman referred to these media reports as a [sheer fabrication]



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