Army of Serbia
The Serbian Armed Forces officially came into being on June 8, 2006, by a Decree of the Republic of Serbia Government. As part of defense reform of the Serbian Armed Forces, in 2007, the Army was formed and organized following the model of modern armed forces in the world. The Army is the largest armed service of the Serbian Armed Forces whose organization, structure, weapons and equipment are based on the requirements of combat activities on land and within inland waterways. It is being built as a major strength of the Serbian Armed Forces intended to defend the Republic of Serbia from external armed threat and for the conduct of combat and non-combat operations. In addition, it develops capabilities to participate in multinational operations. Therefore, it is a permanent task of the Army to build operational and functional capabilities of commands, units and facilities for the accomplishment of its missions and tasks.
The Army is composed of: Army Command located in Nis, Special Brigade, Army Brigades, Mixed Artillery Brigade, River Flotilla, two Military Police Battalions, Signal Battalion, NBC Battalion and Technical Overhaul Institute “Cacak”. In the next period, the Army will be optimized in accordance with the requirements arising from the provision of modern armament and military equipment, integration processes and doctrinal solutions.
16th November is celebrated as the Army Day. On that day 1914, the Battle of Kolubara started, one of the most important battles in WWI. The backbone of combat operations carried out by the Serbian Army during that battle were eleven infantry and one cavalry division, supported by 426 artillery pieces.
The Army units in operational use dispose of a variety of weapons and military equipment, mostly domestic production: automatic rifle 5.56 mm M21; automatic grenade launcher 30 mm M93; machine gun M72; grenade launchers M74 and M75; sniper rifle 12.7 mm “Black Arrow”; tank M84/M84A; combat armored vehicle M86; infantry fighting vehicle M80; howitzer 122mm D30; self-propelled multiple rocket launcher M77 “OGANJ”; self-propelled multiple rocket launcher M87 “ORKAN”; howitzer M84 152mm “NORA”; anti-tank missile kit 9K111 “FAGOT”; anti-tank guided missile “MALJUTKA”; grenade launcher 90 mm M79 “OSA”; grenade launcher 64 mm M80 “ZOLJA”; lightweight portable air defense missile system IGLA; missile air defense system STRELA-10M; missile air de fence system STRELA-1M; light portable air de fence missile system STRELA-2M, etc.
Army Command is the organizational unit of the Army responsible for command, planning, organization, use and building of operational and functional capability of units and institutions. The Army Command is located in Nis and is composed of: Command, Command Company, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Platoon, Operations Center and the Armed Forces Club Nis.
Within the Army, there are four Army brigades. Commands of these brigades are located in Novi Sad, Kraljevo, Nis and Vranje. Within the Army brigades, there are infantry, armored-mechanized, artillery and air defense rocket artillery units, engineering and signal units. Army brigades are engaged in carrying out diverse and complex tasks such as construction and maintenance of operational capabilities; preparation and engagement of units and troops in securing the administrative line with Kosovo and Metohija and control of the Ground Safety Zone in Southern Serbia; preparation and engagement of units to assist civil authorities to repair the consequences of natural disasters and catastrophes.
Army River Flotilla is designed for operations on inland waterways. The River Flotilla Command is located in Novi Sad, and the units are stationed in Novi Sad, Belgrade and Sabac. River Flotilla was reorganized into the brigade level unit on October 2nd 2008, when pontoon units joint into its structure.
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