SA-17 GRIZZLY / Buk-M2
SA-N-12 GRIZZLY / Yezh
With the integration of the new 9M317 missile, the Buk-M1-2 systems received a new NATO reporting name Grizzly and a new DoD designation SA-17. The Buk-M2 is a new mobile SAM system to augment and eventually replace the SA-11 GADFLY. The new system uses the same launch vehicle chassis, and overall has a similar configuration to the SA-11 GADFLY. The SNOW DRIFT surveillance radar is also carried on the modified GM-569 tracked vehicle chassis. Russia is upgrading the Belorussian Buk (NATO: SA-11 Gadfly) air defence missile system at the Uliyanovsk Mechanical Plant. The new Buk-M1-2 (SA-17 Grizzly) system has increased fire power, and guarantees hits against six targets flying simultaneously from different directions and at different altitudes.
The Yezh naval version [SA-N-12] of the SA-17 is visually identical to the SA-N-7.
The SA-17 Gadfly uses the new 9M317 missile. The SA-17 Grizzly may also launch the 9M38 and 9M38M1 missiles. The missile was developed as a joint weapon for Russian Army and Navy air defence systems and has an extended engagement envelope when compared to the original Buk-M1 9M38M1 missile. The 9M317 missile is used in the Army in air defense missile system BUK Ml-2 and the 9M317E missile is used in the Navy in air defense missile system Shtil-1. The unified multi-functional 9M317 and 9M317E missiles were developed in compliance withclassic traditions in the development of the world missile construction industry. It is a high-precision guided weapon integrated in the Army and Navy air defense systems and it is intended to defeat modern as well as future aerodynamic, ballistic, surface and radio-contrast surface threats.
The 9S510E Command Post vehicle conducts analysis of the air situation around the launch unit, controls and monitors the various fire units and designates and assigns the targets to the individual launch vehicles. Communication is via extendable radio communications antenna and wire.
The Buk M2E / SA-17 Grizzly 9A317 TELAR is equipped with the new NIIP 9S36 passive phased array engagement radar, which provides the capability to concurrently track and illuminate multiple targets for the four 9M317 Grizzly SAM rounds.
Buk-M2E (SA-17 Grizzly)
Buk-M2E (NATO name: SA-17 Grizzly) is a medium-range advanced defence missile complex (ADMC) designed and manufactured by Almaz-Antey. The Buk-M2E surface-to-air missile (SAM) system is an export variant of the Buk-M2, which entered into service with the Russian Army in 2008.
The possibility of sudden intense attacks launched from unmanned aircraft land and subtle precision and high-speed weapons, simultaneously from several directions, with flying at altitudes up to extremely low confronts medium-range SAMs with requirements for versatility, multi-channel, omnidirectional, high performance and low fire reaction time. The main condition for organizing counter saturation air attack is defense echelon construction of ground facilities.
With this organization, defense of ground objects extends the range of tasks assigned to the medium-range SAM. First, before the medium-range SAM the problem arises from maximum range goals manned flying a combat mission without entering the zone of the defense: aircraft-jamming directors and management, carrier aircraft unmanned aerial vehicles. Secondly, there is the problem of massive defeat at the boundaries of self-defense attack at extremely low altitudes CR and ORS, which radar detection occurs at a range of limited radio horizon.
Multi-channel, multi-functional highly mobile medium-range SAM "Buk-M2E" designed to engage aircraft strategic and tactical aircraft, helicopters, including hovering, cruise missiles and other aerodynamic flying objects in the whole range of their possible application, tactical ballistic missiles and air-driven bombs under intense electronic and fire enemy countermeasures, as well as surface and ground bombardment radiocontrast purposes. SAM can be used for air defense troops (military facilities) in different forms of fighting, administrative and industrial facilities and areas of the country.
The SAM "Buk-M2E" is able to conduct operations independently (stand-alone) and in the grouping of air defense forces under the control of the automated control system of antiaircraft missile brigade (mixed group of air defense forces) "Glade-D4M1" or other automated solution to having export supply and matched with a complex communication protocol. The Command post (CP) provides simultaneous processing of complex information about the traffic situation on 50 targets according to their own station detection and targeting (SOC) and a higher command post exercises and distribution of targets between the firing of self-propelled unit (SDA), and radar illumination and guidance (RPN ). The complex provides a complete set of simultaneous firing up to 24 air targets flying from any direction at altitudes ranging from 0,015 km to 23-25 km.
The SAM uses inertial guidance with updating method with homing in the terminal phase of flight. The complex and its combat vehicles take measures to protect against high-precision weapons defeat (regulation of radiation screens, laser irradiation sensors, aerosol veil). The time to bring combat weapons complex embattled deployment from the march and the clotting time of no more than 5 minutes (for RPN - 12 min.) Exchange of technical information and command between the complex is provided by means of radio or two-wire communication lines.
Transport base combat assets may be tracked or wheeled chassis with high cross. Weatherproof complex and works in different climatic zones in the temperature range from -50 o C to +50 o C, with humidity up to 98%. The crew compartment has an air conditioning and heater. The complex power system is driven by a gas turbine engine, which can also work on external power supplies.
The Russian Armed forces will receive Buk-M3 air defense missile systems before the end of 2015, a source at Russia’s Defense Ministry told TASS on 08 March 2015. "Until the end of the year on weapons of air defense forces ground forces planned to take the newest anti-aircraft missile system" Buk- M3 "medium-range, in 2016 it will begin to enter the army," - said the source.
It is assumed that the new complex will continue to range anti-aircraft missile systems "Buk". Modification "Buk-M2" is now considered one of the most efficient in its class. Its development was completed in 1988, but to deploy serial production was only 15 years later.
Specifications of the "Buk-M3" is unknown, but its predecessor is capable of solid-fuel missiles hitting aerial targets at a distance of 3 to 45 km and at a height of 15 m to 25 km. In addition, it can destroy ballistic missiles with a range of up to 150-200 km.
The HQ-16 is a joint development project between China and Russia that apparently represents a further evolution of the Russian Grizzly. The system would represent a significant overall improvement in Chinese air defense capabilities. The HQ-16 will reportedly have a range of 50 miles and the ability to hit both high and low flying targets.
China's new land-based mid-range Surface to Air Missile (SAM) system reached operational capability in September 2011. Military observers say that deployment of this missile system will boost China's air defense capability. The new SAM system, dubbed by foreign media as the Hongqi-16, or Red Flag-16, has been delivered to an air defense unit in the Shenyang Military Region. In a recent drill, two HQ-16 missiles fired by the unit successfully hit their aerial targets.
As well as being able to engage aerial targets at high altitude, the mid-range HQ-16 is also able to intercept very low-flying targets at a distance of up to about 40 kilometers, filling the gap between the HQ-7 short-range SAM and the HQ-9 long-range SAM systems.
According to Modern Navy, the official magazine of the PLA Navy, the naval variant of the missile system, which has been fitted on Type 054A frigates, can intercept sea-skimming missiles that fly less than 10 meters above the sea surface. In modern air attacks, large numbers of land-attack cruise missiles, such as the US Tomahawk missile, are being used. They fly about 50 meters above the ground to avoid early radar warning and interception attempts.
But the current mid-range SAM missile system HQ-12 can only engage targets that fly 300 meters above ground, according to the promotion brochure of its export version, called the KS-1A system. Besides the low-altitude engagement capability, the HQ-16 is also more accurate than the HQ-12. The deployment of the land-based HQ-16 can greatly enhance the mainland's capability to counter modern air attacks,.
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