The Foxbat is a high-performance, high-altitude interceptor. This fast but unmaneuverable interceptor has also been deployed as a high altitude reconnaissance platform. Given the NATO reporting name 'Foxbat', the MiG-25 was designed to intercept the US B-70 bomber that was to have been capable of Mach 3. The B-70 was never built, however, so the Soviets were left with a long-range interceptor capable of astonishing speed and a phenomenal rate of climb. A MiG-25 can take off and climb to an altitude of 35,000 meters (114,000 ft) in a little over four minutes.
There are several versions of this aircraft: A--basic interceptor; B--reconnaissance; C--two-seat trainer; D--reconnaissance with a modified radar; and E. The FOXBAT A aircraft, originally designed to counter high-altitude threats, has been converted to FOXBAT E, providing a limited low-altitude look-down and shoot-down capabilities somewhat comparable to FLOGGER.
The wings are high-mounted, swept-back, and tapered with square tips. The aircraft has two turbojet engines and large rectangular air intakes below the canopy and forward of the wing roots. There are dual exhaust. The fuselage is long and slender with solid, pointed nose. The aircraft is box-like from the air intakes to rear section. It has a bubble canopy. On the tail are twin, sweptback, and tapered fins with angular tips. There are flats mid- to low-mounted on fuselage, swept-back, and tapered with angular tips.
Assemblies of the airframe of aircraft MIG-25 (fuselage, wings, keels, stabilizer, pylons, nose fairing). MIG-25 - one-place supersonic fighter, capable of carrying out flight with a velocity of 3 000 km/h and of accomplishing energetic (with the overload to 4,5 units) maneuvers in the range of the velocities of 2500-3000 km/h. Aircraft has two engines R -15 of the construction OF OKB Of s. tumanskiy with the thrust 11000 kg each. On the aircraft MIG-25 since 1965 on 1978 were established twenty five world speed records, height and rate of climb. The basic special features of the aerodynamic layout of this aircraft were: the wing of the moderate sweepback (41 deg), of the small relative thickness; flat off-axis inlets in combination with the wide lift fuselage; the double-keel diagram of vertical tail assembly; the differentially controllable stabilizer, which ensures the high efficiency of lateral control in flight with the high speeds. The kinetic heating of construction at the high flight velocities determined the selection of material - high-temperature high-temperature (strength) steels. Supersonic fighter MIG-25 the fuselage of the aircraft of all-welded construction from the high-temperature (strength) stainless steel of the type VNS-2, VNS-SHCH, etc.
The wing of 3- longeron construction, is sectional on the joint with the nose tank and is nondetachable on the joint of nose tank with the central tank also of central tank with the trailing section of wing. Nose from OT -4 of all-welded construction. Nose and central tanks - tank of all-welded construction from VNS-2 and VNS-SHCH, power packs - made of steel E0KHGSA. Aileron and the flap of riveted construction with the application of honeycomb blocks. Pylon (APU-YA0, APU-YA0D) of riveted construction with the pintle suspension to the wing. Load-bearing elements - made of steel E0KHGSA, guides of pylon have chromium coating. Skins and structural elements are made from materials D -16, D -19.
NATO had its first detailed look at the MiG-25 when a Soviet pilot defected to Japan with one in September 1976. This exposed its 1950s-era radar and other features that dispelled much of the mythology built up by some Western analysts since the first sighting of the 'Foxbat' in 1967.
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