Il-476 CANDID / Il-76MD-90A
The Il-476 is a deep modernization of Russia's Il-76 Candid transport plane, manufactured in Russia. Prior to it all the Il-78 were produced at TAPOiCh factory in Uzbekistan. It features a fully-digital flight control system, new avionics and PS-90A-76 engines with improved fuel efficiency systems. There are up to 300 transport aircraft in service with the Russian Air Force, including An-12 Cub, An-72 Coaler, An-22 Cock, An-124 Condor and Il-76 Candid planes. Most of the aircraft entered service in the 1960s and 1970s and are considered outdated by modern safety and noise pollution standards.
MAK Ilyushin developed a modernized Il-476 project with a new wing, avionics and engines with Perm PS-90A-76. The Il-476 or 'fourth-generation Il-76' featured PS-90A76 engines, a glass cockpit and a further 13 to 17 percent improvement in fuel efficiency.
The Russian government released a directive on the development and productionising of the upgraded Il-76 in Ulyanovsk on 20 December 2006. The first two Il-76MD-90As - the endurance test example (c/n 01-01) and the flying prototype (c/n 01-02) - were laid down by Aviastar in 2009. A set of assemblies of the endurance test prototype was brought to Zhukovsky, Moscow Region, in autumn 2011 for static tests in TsAGI, and a flying prototype of the Il-76MD-90A commenced its trials a year later. It conducted its maiden flight in Ulyanovsk on 22 September 2012, launched its tests in Zhukovsky in late January 2013, completed there the first phase of its official test programme that kicked off in July 2013 (38 flights) and was returned to the manufacturer on 4 December 2013 for debugging based on the tests and the customer's requirements specified more accurately. The new requirements called for advanced communications gear and a defence aids suite in the first place.
The Russian Air Force will start receiving Il-476 heavy transport planes in 2012, the commander of the Russian Air Force's military transport aviation said on Friday 25 December 2009. "I think the Il-476, which will eventually replace the Il-76, will start arriving in the military transport aviation sometime in 2012," Lt. Gen. Viktor Kachalkin said. The plane will be built at the Urals-based Aviastar-SP aircraft-manufacturing plant. The Russian Defense Ministry plans to buy at least 38 Il-476 in cargo and aerial tanker versions in line with the state arms procurement program for the period of 2011-2020.
Before 2015, the Defense Ministry planned to purchase 38 new Il-76MD-90A aircraft, also known as the Il-476. Work is under way to upgrade the Air Force's Il-76MD planes, which are being fitted with PS-90A-76 engines. Before 2015, more than half of the 119 Il-76s in service with the Air Force must be replaced with new models, or upgraded. The source said that apart from the Defense Ministry, civilian airlines are also interested in new planes, for example, the freight carrier Volga-Dnepr, which is planning to purchase Il-76s with the new engines.
As of mid-2008 the Ulyanovsk Aircraft Factory was preparing for the production of a brand-new version of the Ilyushin Il-76, the Il-476. The factory will need to upgrade its equipment to manufacture the Ilyushin Il-476, as initially only 20 percent of the necessary equipment was ready. Fortunately, the Ilyushin Group had sufficient financial capability to organize the production.
Historically, the Il-76 aircraft was manufactured Tashkent Aviation and industry associations Chkalov. In Russia the role of a serial production final assembly was claimed by the Voronezhskoe aircraft association, although in recent years, cargo aircraft were not involved. The proposed corporation satisfied with the decision of all: the final issue of Il-476 will be at Ulyanovsk "Aviastar-SP, which had become a center for the creation of a transport aircraft. Voronezhtsy passing technological modernization program, becoming suppliers of critical components of the Il-476.
The restoration of the series production of transport aircraft Il-76 (Il-476 in the new version) was the first project which to some degree demonstrated the new OAK industrial model. This step became practically inevitable after the resolution about the output of Russia from the Ukrainian An-70 project. In spite of the earlier plans for assembling Il-476 at Voronezh [VASO], Ulyanovsk Aviastar-SP, must become the center on the creation of special cargo fleet. For the program VASO goes to an important producer of components in the program, and VASO obtained a consolation prize in the form 5 billion rubles from OAK for technological re-equipping. The management of OAK made it possible to find arranging all solution and to divorce competitors on the different niches.
Moreover, into diagram of cooperation on Il-476 developed by OAK entered the previous final assembly plant for the Il-76 - the Tashkent production association of the name of Chkalov ([TAPOiCh]). The next step became the solution about the entry of the Uzbek tAPOiCh into OAK. It allowed the management of OAK to obtain political dividends, since was consistent with the Kremlin policy of the integration of post-Soviet space, and to also decrease the risks connected with the fluctuations of Ukrainian policy. The place of the An-70 was engaged by the Il-476, and instead of the regional An-140 the work now is done by the Russian-Uzbek Il-114. Instead of a monopoly on the IL-76, Tashkent was to receive a stable order for spare parts and the role of supplier of IL-114 for government customers in Russia. In turn, Russian aviaprom not only expanded through the Tashkent aviation, but also solves the problem of the main turboprop liners for local airlines. Earlier this role, claimed the An-140, but Kiev in no hurry to respond to Russian proposals on the integration of OAK and aircraft concern in Ukraine.
The first IL-476 was to fly in 2010 and during the year will be flight-tested. This project is very complicated because it involves the transfer of the factories in Voronezh and Ulyanovsk on a technological basis. Despite the difficulties, the project is implemented in accordance with established deadlines.
The first test IL-476 must be assembled to "Aviastar-SP" in 2010-2011, and by 2015, this machine should be completely replaced older versions. By 2015 OAK was planning to gather in Ulyanovsk least 25 Il-476s. They planned to launch mass production of the aircraft in Ulyanovsk (initially, they planned for mass production to begin in 2011). Russian Ministry of Defense is going to purchase several dozens of the Ilyushin Il-476 versions by 2020.
On 22 of September, 2012, at Uliyanovsk airfield of CJSC «Aviastar-SP» first flight of upgraded military-transport Aircraft IL-76MD-90A was carried out (the «Project 476»). Two weeks later, 4th of October, the Aircraft made demonstrative flight at attendance of state government delegation headed by President of Russian Federation Mr. Vladimir Putin. Later on the biggest Contract for all the history of modern Russian aviation industry on purchase of new aviation technics for Russian Air Force for delivery of 39 heavy transport military Aircraft IL-76MD-90A has been signed. The cost of the Contract is almost 140 billion rubles (about 4.5 billion dollars). Term of the Program realization of state order is up to 2020.
On 04 of December 2013 the first prototype of Russian upgraded military-transport Aircraft IL-76MD-90A manufacturer ? 0102 carried out the flight from Flight Test Center named after M.M. Gromov airfield to CJSC «Aviastar-SP» («Ulianovsk-Vostochniy») for subsequent upgrade as per results of the first stage of state joint testing. First stage of state joint testing was carried out by combined air crew of OJSC «IL» and Ministry of Defense of Russia. During the testing, 38 flight were done, operation of navigation system «KUPOL-III-76M(A)» and all its component sub-systems, fuel system, autopilot, communication system was checked. Ultimate modes on reliability at maximum speed, ultimate overloads, combination of simultaneously achievement of ultimate speed with ultimate overload were tested as well. Within the scope of state joint testing, flights with maximum takeoff weight 210 tons and maximum landing weight 170 tons were conducted, procedure of missed approach at failure of one or two engines was worked out as well.
The IL-76MD-90A Aircraft finalized the first stage of state joint testing under the Schedule of Ministry of Defense of Russia at Flight Research Institute OJSC «IL». Finalization of the first stage of state joint testing gave official right to carry out serial production of Aircraft and commence manufacturing of preproduction batch of the present Aircraft and of its modifications. Aircraft is designed by OJSC «Aviation Complex Ilyushin» and manufactured at aviation manufacturing Company CSJC «Aviastar-SP» (city of Uliyanovsk). Both Companies are a part of OJSC «UAC». IL-76MD-90A is the first flight prototype assembled in Russia. Decision of designing and manufacturing of upgraded IL-76 in city of Uliyanovsk was taken on 20 of December, 2006 in accordance with directive of State Government.
The JSC Ilyushin Aviation Complex plans to deliver to the Russian Defence Ministry this year the first and in 2015 - second batch of the Il-476 military-transport planes, Ilyushin Director General and Chief Designer Viktor Livanov told Itar-Tass on 19 March 2014 . "The contract on the delivery to the Russian Defense Ministry of 39 military-transport planes of a new model Il-76MD-90A (Il-476) with the total cost of 140 billion rubles had been signed in October 2012. "We have no doubt that this year we will, as a minimum, deliver one plane (to the Russian Defense Ministry), and most likely - two. And two more planes - next year," Livanov said.
The first of a series of modernized Il-76MD-90A multi-purpose cargo airplanes had been delivered to its customer – the Taganrog-based Beriev Aircraft Company, Rossiyskaya Gazeta reported 22 November 2014. The Ulyanovsk-based Aviastar SP aviation factory first began production of the modernized Il-76 two years earlier. The next modernized Ilyushin was expected to be handed over to the Ministry of Defense in December 2014.
The head of Aviastar SP Sergei Demyentev told Rossiyskaya Gazeta that 13 machines were in various phases of readiness, and that two will be handed over to their government buyers next year; Demyentev noted that the company also had plans to build a new, modernized tanker variant of the airplane. “By 2018, the production volume of these two planes [the Il-76MD-90 and the Il-78 tanker] is expected to reach 18 aircraft per year,” Demyentev said.
"By 2020 we expect to have all 39 such aircraft lined up as part of the contract we signed with the Defense Ministry in 2012,” said Sergei Artyukhov, deputy head of the new plane’s maker, the Ilyushin Aviation Complex, a subsidiary of the United Aviation Corporation (UAC). “The new program for 2020-2025 provides for the delivery of more IL-76 MD-90A planes for our Air Force,” he stated 19 February 2015.
The Russian Defense Ministry before the end of 2015 will receive two new military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A, also known as Il-476. This is stated in the message of the plant "Aviastar-SP", received on 18 May 2015 at TASS. "We have to transfer to the customer three new aircraft Il-76MD-90A. One of them we have already passed, the other two will be transferred into operation within this year," - are reported words of the general director of "Aviastar" Sergey Dementiev. One flight model Il-76MD-90A, Dementyev said, will be sent to the second stage of state tests. It is planned that "Aviastar-SP" after three years will produce 14 such planes a year.
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