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Libya Dawn / fajr Libya

Tripoli is controlled by a political faction, which is calling itself Libya Dawn and is allied with powerful armed forces based in the city of Misrata. The faction has reinstated the old parliament, known as the General National Congress in the capital. The General National Congress [GNC] is a former elected assembly that was reinstalled by Libya Dawn. The General National Congress was the parliament that refused to disband to make way for the House of Representatives, which is the legislature elected to replace it. Libya Dawn's 2014 capture of Tripoli has left the internationally recognized government to operate out of Tobruk, in the east of the country. Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) militia and some armed groups based in Misrata seized Tripoli and most government institutions in August 2014 and set up their own self-declared government and parliament.

Among the groups in Libya Dawn are Libya Shield Forces which bring together a variety of revolutionary armed groups who see themselves as guardians of the revolution. Libya Shield Forces are divided into three main brigades named after their geographical locations: the eastern, central, and western Libya Shields. The western and Misrata-based central Libya Shield forces remained dominant in the Libya Dawn coalition in 2014. They incorporate into their fold, for example, forces from Zleiten, Al-Khoms, Misillata, Tarhouna, Jadu, the Nafusa Mountains (Gheryan, Kikla, Jadu and Nalut) and Al-Zawiya. Armed groups affiliated with Libya Dawn also include the Tripoli Revolutionaries Brigade, Deterrence and Assistance Force, the High Security Committee (Abu Salim Branch), and the Janzour Knights Brigade.

Tripoli witnessed six consecutive weeks of heavy fighting from mid-July 2014, when an alliance of armed groups, primarily from Misrata, but also from other towns, including Al-Zawiya and Gheryan, and Tripoli-based armed groups launched Operation Libya Dawn (fajr Libya) against the Zintan-affiliated Al-Qaqa and Al-Sawaiq armed groups allied with fighters from the Warshafana region, west of Tripoli. The fighting was particularly intense around Tripoli International Airport, but affected other large areas of Tripoli.

On 24 August 2014, Libya Dawn fighters seized control of the airport and other areas of Tripoli from Zintan-affiliated armed groups, which withdrew from the city. Libya Dawn operations were extended to the Warshafana region until Libya Dawn gained control over the region. Fighting then broke out in the Nafusa Mountains when Zintan-affiliated armed groups attacked the towns of Kikla and Al-Qalaa. At the time of writing, intermittent fighting was ongoing in the Nafusa Mountains and air strikes against Mitiga Airport and other areas in the west of the country had been carried out by the air force aligned with General Haftar.

Following Libya Dawns takeover of Tripoli at the end of August 2014, the Government, led by incumbent Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni, left Tripoli and moved to the town of Al-Baida. The House of Representatives subsequently confirmed Mr. Al-Thinni as Prime Minister. In Tripoli, the General National Congress reconvened and established its own government, led by Omar al-Hasi, which gradually took control of Tripoli-based ministries and other State institutions. On 6 November, the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a provision of the March 2014 constitutional amendment which had paved the way for elections to create the House of Representatives.

Hundreds of armed groups, comprising more than 200,000 fighters, continued to be paid from central State funds. Some are nominally affiliated with either the Ministry of Defence or the Ministry of the Interior. Those groups exercise effective control in localized areas and over detention centers, where thousands of persons associated with the former regime, among others, continue to be detained outside of the effective oversight of the authorities.




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