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"In Central Asia, as in much of the developing world, the warlord is returning triumphant while the state withers in its arbitrary, post-colonial borders. Transnational dynamics at the sub-national level are interacting to create regional incubators for violent non-state actors (VNSAs). Some VNSAs already pose a real, direct challenge to state sovereignty and regional security."

Lords of the Silk Route

Para-Military Groups


Islamic Paramilitary Groups

African Paramilitary Groups

East Asian Paramilitary Groups

European Paramilitary Groups

Latin American Paramilitary Groups

Middle Eastern Paramilitary Groups

South Asian Paramilitary Groups

Southeast Asian Paramilitary Groups

Organized Crime

  • Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO)
  • Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Terrorism List
  • Terrorist Exclusion List 21 May 2004
  • Designated Terrorist Organizations - UAE
  • Banned Terrorist Organizations - India
  • Banned Terrorist Organizations - Pakistan

  • Terrorist Groups @ NCTC
  • Country Reports on Terrorism
  • Patterns of Global Terrorism
  • Terrorism Designations Press Releases
  • Entities and other groups and undertakings associated with Al-Qaida UN
  • Mapping Militant Organizations
  • Combating Terrorism Center @ West Point
  • Armed Groups Project
  • Footnotes to History [ephemeral polities]
  • Groups @ MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base
  • National Liberation, Separatist and Self-Determination Web Sites Directory
  • Separatist and Independence Movements
  • South Asia Terrorism Portal
  • Terrorists, Freedom Fighters, Crusaders, Propagandists, and Mercenaries on the Net
  • Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
  • TRAC | Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium

  • During the Cold War, many in the West saw terrorism as a problem of Communism. Hearings Before the Senate Subcommittee on Security and Terrorism, June 11 and 12, 1981 were focued on "Historical Antecedents of Soviet Terrorism". James Billington, director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, documented advocacy of terrorism as a political strategy in the writings and practices of Lenin. The use of violence to destabilize noncommunist societies is stated to be a principal ingredient for implementing the Soviet commitment to the expansion of loyal communist regimes throughout the world. Terrorists are generally profiled as persons strongly influenced by a subculture of political ideology similar to a religion in the yoking of behavior to faith in and commitment to the establishment of a new order. The tools of the faith are weapons and the acts of faith are violent acts against representatives of those societies and political systems that bar the way to the creation of the new order.

    Stefan Possony, senior fellow (emeritus) of the Hoover Institution of Stanford University, also traces the central roots of contemporary terrorism to the political ideology perpetuated primarily by the Soviet Union. The Soviet's KGB and GRU are indicated to have the organization, personnel, and the capability to mount and run terror campaigns in many areas of the world, as well as to observe most of the existing terror groups of various political orientations and to influence and penetrate many of these groups; however, the search for a single Soviet command of terrorism is futile, because there are many focal points and interlocking networks. The imprint of the Soviet Union on various terrorist groups and operations is unmistakable, according to Possony.

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