Afwaj al-Muqawamah al-Lubnaniyyah
Lebanese Resistance Detachments
Formerly the largest Shi'ite party, Amal, an acronym for 'The Lebanese Resistance Detachments' (Afwaj al-Muqawamah al-Lubnaniyyah) was founded in 1974 by the cleric Musa Sadr. In 1975 a military wing was formed and a year later Amal became an Islamic political organization. Sadr went missing in 1978, most likely kidnapped by the Libyans, and his whereabouts have been unknown since. Nabih Berri took over after Sadr, and has headed Amal since. In the 1980s Berri was a minister in the Lebanese government and today he is Speaker of the parliament. Berri is more practical and much less radical than the leaders of Hizballah. He is also very close to the Syrians. His organization has lost its predominance however, due to infighting and lack of charismatic leadership. As of early 2000 Amal held 10 seats in the Lebanese parliament and its platform calls for a return of Lebanon to the situation in 1982, namely, no foreign forces in Lebanon, including Palestinians. Amal engages to this end in attacking the IDF and SLA.
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