Doshan Tappeh Air Base
Doshan-Tappeh Air Base, located east of central Tehran, is the site of Air Force headquarters, and the headquarters of the Air Force Logistics Command. It includes several overhaul facilities. In addition, the Command HQ of the Revolutionary Guards' Joint Chiefs of Staff and the "Ashoura Base," the headquarters of the Guards' Directorate of Operations, and "Bagheri Base," the HQ of the Revolutionary Guards' Directorate of Intelligence, are also reported to be situated in Doshan-Tappeh (also written Doshan Tapeh or Doshan Tappah).
Under the Shah the Imperial Iranian Air Force headquarters was located at Doshan-Tappeh. The Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, received his pilot license from General Nakhdjevan, Iran's oldest pilot, on 10 October 1946. The Shah flew an old British Tiger Moth from Teheran's Doshan Tappeh Airport. Iran was one of only two countries that received the Hurricane after World War Two. They were used as fighter-trainers by the Advanced Fighter Training Group at Doshan Tappeh. Doshan Tappeh had been used as a base for the British Royal Air Force during the Second World War.
Doshan Tappeh played an important role in final period of the rule of Shah Reza Pahlavi. One of the first military garrisons to revolt against the Shah in 1979 was the main school and command center of the Language Training Command in Tehran at Doshan Tappeh Air Base. The Khomeini leadership had not called for an insurrection in 1979, but on February 8, uniformed airmen appeared at Khomeini's home and publicly pledged their allegiance to him. On the evening of Friday, 9 February 1979 the Shah's elite Royal Guard tried to suppress a mutiny by pro-Khomeini Air Force technicians and cadets at the Doshan Tappeh Air Base. Around midnight, the silence of the curfew was broken by cries of "Allah Akbar" as the airmen appealed to the population in the surrounding area to help repel the Royal Guard invasion. The cadets at the air base had been alerted to the Guard's approach, and began to organize defenses. As the cries for help reached residents of the area, thousands poured out of their homes in defiance of the curfew. By the next day, the entire city had begun to organize. The cadets opened the armory and the weapons were looted by the mullahs and their supporters. On 11 February 1979, twenty-two senior military commanders announced that the armed forces would remain neutral in the confrontation between the Shah and the people.
In September 1980 Doshan Tappeh was attack as a part of a larger Iraqi strike attempting to serious damage Iran's Air Force Infrastructure. The damage was minimal and the Iranian Air Force even managed to scramble aircraft to respond to the attack.
Doshan Tappeh returned to the news when on 19 February 2004 it was reported that IAEA inspectors had discovered uranium-enrichment machinery at the Air Base. The discovery undermined Iran's denial of working towards acquiring nuclear weapons. Iran had constructed and tested a sophisticated gas-centrifuge system at the Air Base.
Doshan Tappeh was reported by 2008 to be the home of a VIP squadron in support of the two headquarters on the base. The squadron reportedly still flies the AS-61 helicopter acquired under the Shah in 1977 for VIP transport.
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