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Military


Turkey Army Equipment

Modernization

Equipment Source Inventory
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2012 2015 2020 2025 2030
Personnel (In Thousands) 1,475+ 758 783 760 760 760 760 760 760 760
Active 525 400 525 402 402 402 402 402 402 402
Reserve 950 258 258 258 258 258 258 258 258 258
Gendarmerie [active] + 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Armor 3,828 4,333? 4,200 4,200 4,200 4,500 4,200 3,250 1,825 1,825
Medium / Main Battle Tanks 3,714 4,333? 4,200 4,200 4,200 4,500 4,200 3,250 1,825 1,825
120mm Altay TU -- -- -- -- -- -- 4 50 250 250
120mm Leopard 2A4 DE -- -- -- -- 298 298 298 298 298 298
105mm Leopard 1A3 / A4 DE 81 397 397 397 397 397 397 397 397 397
105mm M60A3 / M60T US / ISR -- 658 658 658 658 658 658 782? 882? 882?
105mm M60A1 US -- 274 274 274 274 274 274 150 -- --
105mm M48A5T1 / T2 US 1,980 3,004 2,876 2,876 2,876 2,8761 2,576 1,576 -- --
90mm M48A1 / A2 US 1,1302 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
90mm M47 US 5233 ? -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Light Tanks (>21 Tons) 114 ? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
75mm M24 US 1143 ? -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Infantry Fighting Vehicles - 854? 1,815 2,015 2,015 2,015+ 2,015+ 2,015+ 2,015+ 2,015+
Tracked -- 421 1,280 1,480 1,480 1,480 1,480 1,480 1,480 1,480
25mm TIFV / ACV-AIFV US / TU -- 135 450 650 650 650 650 650 650 650
12.7mm TIFV ACV-300 US / TU -- 286 830 830 830 830 830 830 830 830
Wheeled .. 433? 535 535 535 535 535+ 535+ 535+ 535+
??.?mm 8x8 ARMA TU -- -- -- -- -- -- + ++ +++ +++
??.?mm 8x8 PARS [Leopard] TU -- -- -- -- -- -- + ++ +++ +++
??.?mm 8x8 Yavuz TU/SG -- -- -- X X -- -- -- -- --
??.?mm 6x6 ARMA TU -- -- -- -- -- -- + ++ +++ +++
??.?mm 6x6 Ejder TU -- -- -- -- -- -- + ++ +++ +++
??.?mm 6x6 PARS [Leopard] TU -- -- -- -- -- -- + ++ +++ +++
14.5mm BTR-804 RU -- 110? 535 535 535 535 535 535 535 535
14.5mm BTR-60PB4 DE / RU -- 323
Armored Personnel Carriers 3,210 3,874 2,838 2,838 2,838 2,838 2,838 2,525 2,225 2,025
Tracked 2,610 2,815 2,813 2,813 2,813 2,813 2,813 2,500 2,200 2,000
12.7mm M113 US 2,110 2,815 2,813 2,813 2,813 2,813 2,813 2,500 2,200 2,000
12.7mm M593 US 500 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Half-Track 600 ? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.7mm M2 / M33 US 600 ? -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Wheeled .. 59 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
7.62mm Condor4 DE -- 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
14.5mm UR-4164 DE -- 34 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Light AFV + +? + + ~250+ ~310+ ~310+ ~310+ ~310+ ~310+
Wheeled + +? + + ~250+ ~310+ ~310+ ~310+ ~310+ ~310+
12.7mm BMC 350-16 Z MRAP TU -- -- -- -- -- -- 468 468 468 468
12.7mm Cobra4 TU -- -- -- + + 60 60 60 60 60
7.62mm Akrep4 TU -- + + + ~250+ ~250+ ~250+ ~250+ ~250+ ~250+
37mm M83 US + ? -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Artillery, Self-Propelled 537 823 820 868+ 868+ 1,068 1,046 990 935 880
203mm M110A2 US 16 219 219 219 219 219 219 219 219 219
203mm M55 US 9? 9 9 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
175mm M107 US 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 30 25 20
155mm T-155 Firtina ROK -- -- -- + + ~200 200 200 200 200
155mm M44A1 / T1 US 150 168 168 222 222 222 200 150 100 50
105mm M108 / T US 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
105mm M52 / T US 300 365 362 365 365 365 365 365 365 365
Artillery, Towed 1,724 1,651 1,552 685+ - 760+ 760+? 760+? 760+? 760+?
203mm M115 US 140 162 162 162 162 162 162 162 162 162
155mm Panter TU -- -- -- 6 6 6 6? 6? 6? 6?
155mm M114 US 500 517 517 517 517 517 517 517 517 517
155mm M59 US 150 171 1715 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
150mm Skoda M34 CZ 104 161 625 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
105mm M101 US 830 640 + + + 75+ 75+ 75+ 75+ 75+
Artillery, Rocket 26 55? 80? 84+ 84+ ~146+ ~146+ ~146+ ~146+ ~146+
302mm T-300 PRC / TU -- -- -- -- -- 50+ 50+ 50+ 50+ 50+
227mm M270 MLRS US / TU 6 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
122mm T-122 PRC / TU -- -- -- + + ~36 ~36 ~36 ~36 ~36
107mm T-107 PRC / TU -- 23 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48
70mm RA-7040 TU 20 20? 20? 24 24 -- -- -- -- --
Mortars 3,429 5,635 5,813 5,813 5,813 5,813 5,813 5,813 5,813 5,813
120mm Various (Incl SP) NATO / TU 500 578 757 757 757 757 757 757 757 757
107mm M30 / M106 US 1,429 1,265 1,264 1,264 1,264 1,264 1,264 1,264 1,264 1,264
81mm Various (Incl SP) NATO / TU 1,500 3,792 3,792 3,792 3,792 3,792 3,792 3,792 3,792 3,792
Anti-Tank Missiles 1,608 943 943 1,283 1,363 1,363 1,363 1,327 1,277 1,227
AT-14 RU -- -- -- -- 80 80 80 80 80 80
Milan DE 392 392 392 392 392 392 392 392 392 392
Eryx FRA -- -- -- ~340 ~340 ~340 ~340 ~340 ~340 ~340
Cobra DE 400 186 186 186 186 186 186 150 100 50
TOW (Incl SP) US / TU 516 365 365 365 365 365 365 365 365 365
SS-11 FRA 300 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Recoilless 3,426? 3,869 3,869 3,869 3,869 3,869 3,869 3,869 3,869 3,869
106mm M40 US 1,795 2,329 2,329 2,329 2,329 2,329 2,329 2,329 2,329 2,329
75mm M20? US? ? 617 617 617 617 617 617 617 617 617
57mm M18 US 1,631 923 923 923 923 923 923 923 923 923
Artillery, Anti-Aircraft 1,105 1,664 1,664 1,664 1,664 1,664 1,652 1,602 1,552 1,502
40mm T-1 TU -- 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40
40mm M42 US 100 262 262 262 262 262 250 200 150 100
40mm L/60 / L/70 NATO 725 803 803 803 803 803 803 803 803 803
35mm GDF-001 / -003 SWI 260 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120
20mm GAI-D01 SWI 20 439 439 439 439 439 439 439 439 439
Anti-Aircraft Missiles 12+ 897 897 897 935 1,083 1,083 294 294 294
Altigan PMADS US / TU -- -- -- -- -- 70 70 70 70 70
Zipkin PMADS US / TU -- -- -- -- -- 78 78 78 78 78
Stinger US -- 108 108 108 146 146 146 146 146 146
Redeye US + 789 789 789 789 789 789 -- -- --
Rapier6 UK 12 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

Army Aviation

Fixed Wing Aircraft

188 168 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 168
Utility 131? 105 107 107 107 107 107 107 107 105
King Air Super King Air 200 US -- 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Cessna 421 US 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Cessna 206 US 8 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
U-17 / Cessna 185 Skywagon US 20 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98 98
Piper Cherokee US 1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Do-28D4 DE 19 -- 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 --
Do-27A DE 5 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
O-1E Bird Dog US 50 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
DHC-2 Beaver CAN 1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Trainer 80? 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63
T-42A Cochise US 15 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
T-41D Mescalero US 25? 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
7CGBC Citabria US 40 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34

Helicopters

273 323? 354 ~327 ~336 ~351 ~402 ~402 ~405? ~405?
Attack .. 38 37 37 37 37 88 88 91? 91?
T-109 ATAK Tiger EU -- -- -- -- -- -- 51 51 91 91
AH-1Z Viper US -- -- -- -- -- -- 145 145 145 145
AH-1W Super Cobra US -- 38 37 37 37 37 37 37 ? ?
AH-1P Cobra US -- ? ?
Transport - Heavy .. .. .. .. .. .. + + + +
CH-47F Chinook US -- -- -- -- -- -- + + + +
Transport - Medium .. 44 82 93 93 108 128 198 218 218
T-70 THUP7 [Black Hawk] TU -- -- -- -- -- -- 20 90 109 109
S-70A4 Black Hawk US -- 44 44 64 64 64 64 64 64 64
Mi-17 RU -- -- 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19
AS532UL Cougar FR -- -- 19 10 10 25 25 25 25 25
Transport - Light 133 160 169 120 ~130 ~130 ~130 ~130 ~130 ~130
TIHP TU - - - - - - + + + +
Bell 412 TU -- -- -- -- 9 9 9 9 9 9
Bell 412 Twin Huey US -- -- -- -- 9 9 9 9 9 9
AB-2124 AB-212 IT 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
AB-205A4 AB-205A IT 85 64 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72
Bell 205A / UH-1H Iroquois US 15 94 94 ~45 ~45 ~45 ~45 ~45 ~45 ~45
Bell 205 / UH-1D Iroquois US 30 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Light / Utility 140 81? 90 79 79 79 79 79 79 79
AB-204B4 IT 20 12 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
OH-58B Kiowa US -- 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Bell 206 / AB-2064 Jet Ranger US 20 30? 31 28 28 28 28 28 28 28
R-22B8 US -- 8 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Hughes 300C / TH-55 Osage US 70 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28
Bell 47 / OH-13H Sioux US 30 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
UAV -- -- + + + + + + + + +
Falcon 600 US -- -- + + + + + + + +
AQM-34 Firebee US -- -- -- + + + + + + +
CL-89 CL-89 CAN -- + + + + + + + + +
Gnat 750 Gnat 750 US -- + + + + + + + + +
Harpy Harpy ISR -- -- -- + + + + + + +
Bayracktar Bayracktar TU -- -- -- -- + + + + + +

Notes

    1 - The 2012 edition of IISS' The Military Balance indicates that 1,300 of these vehicles are to be placed in storage.

    2 - As of 1990, the IISS' The Military Balance reported that Turkey's stock of M48A1/A2 tanks were in the process of being converted to a M48A5 standard.

    3 - As of 1990, the IISS' The Military Balance reported that Turkey's remaining M24 and M47 tanks, M8 armored cars, M2 and M3 half-tracks, and M59 armored personnel carriers were in storage. These items had been declared as part of the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty.

    4 - Some or all of these vehicles are in service with Turkish para-military internal security forces, accounting for their sporadic appearance in this table.

    5 - As of 1990, the IISS' The Military Balance reported that Turkey's remaining 150mm Skoda M34 and 155mm M59 howitzers were in storage.

    6 - The Rapier SAMs were said to be under the control of the Turkish Air Force by 1995-1996.

    7 - These projected totals include planned acquisitions for the Air Force, Marine Corps, para-military Gendarmerie, others.

    8 - Of the periods sampled, the IISS' The Military Balance lists 8 Robinson R-22B helicopters only for the 1999-2000 period, suggesting that this might have been a proposed sale that did not occur.




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