Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM)
The Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM) is a long rod, hyper-velocity anti-tank round for the Army's Future Combat System. The Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) developing the Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM) for the purposes of incorporation into the next-generation hypervelocity missile system for the Future Combat Vehicle (FCV), heavy ground platforms, and rotor wing platforms.
The missile component of the Army's (Line-Of-Sight Anti-Tank Missile) system is also known as the KEM (Kinetic Energy Missile), which should not to be confused with the CKEM program, which is essentially a follow-on to LOSAT.
The goal of the CKEM Technology Demonstration (TD) Program is to develop, mature and demonstrate advanced state-of-the-art hypervelocity components and subsystem technologies in a missile system configuration to achieve next-generation systems level performance. AMCOM seeks industry cooperation to accelerate the development and transistion of technology into total CKEM System Concepts and Demonstrations applicable to the FCV. CKEM concepts identified should significantly improve warfighting capabilities by: enabling inplementation of future fighting vehicle concepts on the battlefield; by defeating Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) 1-3 and threat Active Protection System (APS) with overwhelming lethality utilizing a lighter, smaller, faster, KE missile against future advanced and active threat armors; by a significant increase in KE stowed kills for a multitude of launch platforms; and by providing opportunities for missiles in the Strike Force.
Specifically some of the more-aggressive CKEM system level performance requirements to be achieved are: Total Missile Length: 4 feet, Total Missile Weight: 50 lbs, Range: 0.4-5Kms with growth potential for close in engagements of 200m and extended range of 5-8Kms. Velocity: 6.5+ Mach, Penetrator Energy: 10MJ. The following technologies are believed to be critical for reducing the risks associated with meeting system performance goals and objectives in the areas of propulsion, enhanced lethality, and guidance technology. In propulsion the development of more efficient, high performance, non-detonable, minimum range ground armor is necessary. The development of miniaturized guidance and control component technologies capable of operating through the high acceleration environment to enable short range accuracy and control to 5km, while allowing "fire on the move" capabilities for future applications is also necessary. It is necessary to develop, bring to maturity, and demonstrate novel lethal mechanisms for enhanced effectiveness against advanced and active threat armor arrays with a reduced mass hypervelocity KE missile testbed.
As of October 1999 the CKEM development program was projected to run from years FY00-FY05 in two phases with two options in Phase I, only. The Phase I period, from FY00-FY04, is structured with two separate and parallel segments. One segment focuses on system development and includes the concept studies, system design and integration testing necessary to resolve critical system design and performance issues. The second segment, under a separate contracting action, focuses on technology and component development, and includes development of the fundamental technologies necessary to achieve the CKEM objectives, as well as the incorporation of those technologies into components that are designed and demonstrated to meet established performance and flight qualification requirements.
During the System Development Segment, selected sources will perform the 6 month Compact Kinetic Energy Missile (CKEM) System Concept Definition Study contract(s) with a follow-on option (Option 1) for a 42 month System Design and Analysis, and a second follow-on option (Option 2) for an 18 month Critical Issue and Risk Assessment which would run concurrently with the final 18 months of Option 1. The objective of the CKEM System Concept Definition Study contract(s) is to explore alternative missile concepts to determine the most promising approach to meeting the CKEM goals and to translate the selected concept(s) into quantitative subsystem and component performance requirements that will establish the objectives for the Technology and Component Development Segment. Under Option 1, the design of the selected concept(s) would be matured and refined to reflect the results of Technology and Component Development Segment and to be compatible with FCV and other platform development efforts. Under Option 2, sufficient subsystem fabrication and integration testing would be performed to provide a basis for determining risk and achievable performance, including lethality and countermeasure robustness versus missile sizing. The CKEM Technology and Component Development, Segment 2 will be a separately funded effort comprised of fundamental technology development in industry and academia and Government laboratories. This segment will focus on issues already identified and on requirements generated by the CKEM System Concept Definition Study contract(s). Continuous status of technology and component development efforts will be provided to the System Development Segment participants via an IPT structure. One or more of the sources will be selected to perform Phase II, the 18-24 month CKEM System Development and Demonstration in the FY04-05 timeframe, to complete missile system development and to demonstrate system performance during flight testing against an array of advanced armor targets.
The following technologies are believed to be critical for enabling the successful accomplishment of the system performance goals and objectives: propulsion, enhanced lethality, and guidance technology. In propulsion the development of more efficient, high performance, non-detonable, minimum signature propellant is required to achieve the higher velocities necessary for overwhelming KE lethality from minimum range to 5 Km against armor targets, recognizing the limited penetrator mass available in a 4 ft/50 lb missile. Within the CKEM Technology and Component Development Segment it will also be necessary to characterize the contributions of penetrator materials, mass, shape, impact velocity, and target interactions in order to assess the effectiveness of novel lethal mechanisms against advanced armor with active and reactive threat countermeasures. The development of miniaturized guidance and control component technologies capable of operating through the high acceleration environment to enable accuracy from short-range to 5km, while allowing "fire on the move" capabilities for future applications is also necessary. The government has particular interest in the offeror's concept definition process, as it is pertains to critical performance, design features and trade-off areas. Specifically, the government isinterested in the process for exploring novel design approaches for the lethal mechanism and for evaluating the lethality of alternative missile concepts; for achieving compatibility of the missile and launcher design concept with the Future Combat Vehicle and other ground (& potentially airborne) weapon platforms; for determining required missile longitudinal and lateral acceleration, motor performance characteristics, guidance implementation scheme, control actuation system, and flight computer capability and for achieving a maximum number of stored kills within the constraints posed by the lethality requirements and the alternative launch platforms. The government is also interested in the processes that will be used to define system level performance characteristics such as, system timelines from target detection to missile launch, field of engagement, rate of fire, functional performance requirements for the targeting sensor(s), and terminal accuracy against stationary ground targets, crossing ground targets, and maneuvering rotor wing aircraft.
The following missile technology research contracts were awarded in 2001 from Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) Number DAAH01-00-R-RB05, for Compact Kinetic Energy Missile Technology Demonstration. These contracts will provide component technology which will support the CKEM prime contractors. All amounts include options: Lethality Area -- None Propulsion Area: Aerojet P. O. Box 13222 Sacramento, CA 95813-6000 DAAH01-01-C-R086 (5/3/01) $2,796,401 Alliant Missile Products Company, LLC Allegany Ballistics Laboratory 210 State Route 956 Rocket Center, WV 26726 DAAH01-01-C-R087 (5/22/01) $2,732,133 Atlantic Research Corporation 5945 Wellington Road Gainesville, VA 20155-1699 DAAH01-01-C-R088 (3/28/01) $2,800,000 Thiokol Propulsion P. O. Box 707 Brigham City, UT 84302-0707 DAAH01-01-C-R089 (4/9/01) $3,064,345 Missile Guidance Area: L-3 Communications, Space & Navigation 699 Route 46 East Teterboro, NJ 07608-1173 DAAH01-01-C-R090 (5/29/01) $2,775,390 Litton Systems, Inc.,Guidance & Control Systems Division 5500 Canoga Avenue Woodland Hills, CA 91367 DAAH01-01-C-R091 (4/17/01) $1,711,890 Lockheed Martin Naval Electronics & Surveillance Systems 17100 Murphy Avenue Irvine, CA 92614 DAAH01-01-C-R092 (5/22/01) $2,263,886 Special Devices, Inc. 14370 White Sage Road Moorpark, CA 93201 DAAH01-01-C-R093 (3/30/01) $1,667,645.
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