In June 1911, Clyde Cessna started the engine of his homemade wood and fabric airplane, the silver wings, and made his first flight. The 31-year farmer mechanic from Rago, Kansas became the first person to build and fly an aircraft west of the Mississippi River and east of the Rockies. From the time of his first Flight to World War One, Cessna built and flew one civilian airplane per year. In 1931 Cessna locked the door of his plant. The company closed during the depression as did many airplane companies. In 1934 he reopened his plant.
Cessna used four names for the 206 during its production life, Super Skywagon (1965) and and Turbo Super Skywagon (1966) , Super Skylane, and Stationair 6. The utility plane was the Super Skywagon and the people machine was the Super Skylane. The Skywagon was discontinued in 1971 and the Stationair was introduced in 1971. In 1970 Cessna settled on the Stationair 6 name. Both versions were still available but under one name. This is why many pilots simply call the aircraft the 206.
Production of the six-seat single-engine Cessna 206 was halted in 1986. The problem with the 80's was high interest rates, and high product liability cost. The general aviation revitalization act in 1994 removed the need for the high product liability policies. The piston engine 206 was again being made starting in 1994.
Staionair's high-wing design offers exceptional visibility from the cockpit. The 206 H has a 360° visual capability. The 206 H side door is actually a double door. The double doors give the aircraft an advantage when loading cargo. The door can also be removed for photo operations. When the door is removed there are no changes in flight characteristics except for wind noise and a slight degradation in climb and cruise performance. The pilots side has a single door for the pilot.
There is an optional external cargo-pack which allows us to carry additional research equipment to be carried as necessary. The bin attachs underneath the plane. With its three-blade McCauley propeller, the Stationair cruises at 163 mph. The 206 can fly 5 hours at moderate power with a reserve. Stationair's prop anti-ice boots allow nearly all-weather performance.
The 206 flaps extend about 2.5 feet beyond the wings tap point, greatly improving flap effectiveness. Because they are the single-slot Fowler-type flaps that extend aft as well as down, the flaps generate considerable additional lift.
The 206 lost some roll-control authority when its ailerons were shortened to make room for the flaps. To get it back Cessna, designed Frise-type ailerons. When the aileron is deflected, a slot opens between the wing and the leading edge of the aileron. Air flowing through out the Frise aileron slot acts upon the leading edge of the aileron, helping to drive it in the desired direction and thus reducing control forces felt by the pilot. The slot effect also enhances roll authority in the same way that the leading edge helps keep a wing flying at high angles of attack.
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