Military


AV-8B Harrier

Specifications
Contractor: McDonnell Douglas Aircraft (Airframe Prime), Rolls Royce (Engine Prime)
Power Plant:
  • TAV-8B/AV-8B Day Attack (DA): One Rolls Royce Pegasus F402-RR-406 turbofan engine with approximately 20,280 pounds of thrust
  • AV-8B Night Attack (NA)/AV-8B Radar: One Rolls Royce Pegasus F402-RR-408A turbofan engine with approximately 22,200 pounds of thrust
  • Accommodations:
  • AV-8B DA/NA/Radar Aircraft: Pilot only
  • TAV-8B Trainer: Two seats
  • Performance:
  • Maximum airspeed: 550 KCAS
  • Range greater than 142 nautical miles high speed/low altitude combat radius
  • Maximum range: 900 nautical miles
  • Countermeasures: Not applicable
    Armament:
  • One fuselage-mounted 25 mm gun system
  • Standard Air-to-Ground (A/G) load: Six Mk 82, 500 pound bombs
  • Standard Air-to-Air (A/A) load: Four AIM-9L/M Sidewinder missiles
  • Provisions for carrying up to 9,000 pounds of ordnance on seven stations
  • Mission and Capabilities:
  • The AV-8B single seat Vertical/Short Takeoff and Land (V/STOL) aircraft is the primary close air support/intermediate range intercept/attack mission fixed-wing aircraft for the USMC and the Spanish and Italian navies.
  • The AV-8B can carry and deliver an assortment of conventional stores such as the Mk 83 1,000 pound GP bomb, GBU-12 500 pound LGB, GBU-16 1,000 LGB, CBU-99/100 Cluster Bomb Units, and 2.75" and 5" rockets.
  • The NA configuration includes: night vision goggle-compatible cockpit controls and displays, a wide-field-of-view HUD, a Navigation Forward Looking Infrared (NAVFLIR) system, a Digital Map Unit (DMU), and an Angle Rate Bombing System (ARBS) with laser spot tracker, which provides first pass day or night target strike capability at low altitude/high speed.
  • The Radar aircraft retains all night attack capability but integrates the AN/APG-65 radar system to extend the tracking capabilities of the aircraft for A/G delivery and A/A defense modes.
  • V/STOL capability allows the AV-8B to be deployed with ground units using amphibious shipping and/or forward basing for rapid close air support response.
  • Program Summary:
  • All three variants of the AV-8B are in service with the USMC (deployed in WestPac and the Mediterranean).
  • The Spanish Navy has DA/Radar AV-8Bs.
  • The Italian Navy has Radar AV-8Bs only.
  • The U.S., Italy, and Spain are partners in a collaborative international program.
  • The original DA AV-8B was replaced by the NA variant in 1990, which incorporated the F402-RR-408A engine and expanded night fighting systems such as NAVFLIR, DMU, night vision goggle capability, and wide-field-of-view HUD.
  • In 1993, the Radar AV-8B was fielded with the full night fighting capability and an AN/APG-65 Radar set to improve A/G and A/A tactical effectiveness.
  • In 1994, the U.S. began a remanufacturing process to convert DA AV-8Bs to the Radar configuration (REMAN); deliveries began in 1996.
  • Currently, a NA/Radar AV-8B upgrade program is underway to incorporate an Automatic Target Handoff System (ATHS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) capability into the aircraft.
  • ATHS allows direct digital target/mission data exchange between the pilot and ground units. GPS integration improves navigational and weapons delivery accuracy.
  • The AV-8B has seen service in the Persian Gulf (Desert Storm), Somalia (both U.S. and Italian AV-8Bs), and Bosnia (peacekeeping operations).
  • A total of 51 Radar Aircraft are authorized for procurement by the U.S., Italy, and Spain.
  • The U.S. has a planned procurement/delivery program for 73 REMAN AV-8Bs (FY 1996 - 2002).
  • External Dimensions:

    Wing Span 9.25 m
    Length overall (flying attitude)
    AV-8B
    14.12 m
    TAV-8B
    15.32 m
    GR. Mks 5/7
    14.36 m
    T. Mk 10
    15.79 m
    Height overall 3.55 m
    Tailplane span 4.24 m
    Outrigger wheel track 5.18 m

    Areas

    Wings, excl LERX, gross 21.37 m2
    LERX (total): Pegasus 11-21 0.81 m2
    Pegasus 11-61 1.24 m2
    100 percent 1.39 m2
    Ailerons (total) 1.15 m2
    Trailing-edge flaps (total) 2.88 m2
    Ventral fixed strakes (total) 0.51 m2
    Ventral retractable fence (LIDs) 0.24 m2
    Ventral airbrake 0.42 m2
    Fin 2.47 m2
    Rudder, excl tab 0.49 m2
    Tailplane 4.51 m2

    Weights and Loadings (Single-Seaters, Except Where Indicated)

    Operating weight empty (including pilot and used fuel)
    AV-8B
    6,336 kg
    GR. Mk 7
    7,050 kg
    TAV-8B
    6,451kg
    Maximum fuel
    Internal only
    3,519 kg
    Internal and external
    7,180 kg
    Maximum external stores
    Pegasus 11-61
    6,003 kg
    Pegasus 11-21/Mk 105*
    4,899 kg
    Maximum useful load (include fuel, stores, weapons, ammunition and water injection for engine)
    Vertical takeoff
    Approximately 3,062, kg
    STO
    More than 7,710 kg
    Basic flight design gross weight for 7g operation 10,410 kg
    Maximum T-O weight
    435 meters STO
    14,061 kg
    S/L VTO, ISA:
    AV-8B/Pegasus 11-61
    9,342 kg
    GR. Mk 7
    8,700 kg
    S/L VTO, 32C
    8,142 kg
    Design maximum landing weight 11,340 kg
    Maximum vertical landing weight 9,043 kg 205 kg less in TAV-8B

    Performance

    Maximum mach number in level flight
    At S/L
    875 knots
    At altitude
    0.98
    STOL takeoff run at maximum takeoff weight:
    ISA
    435 m
    At 32 c
    518 m
    Operational radius with external loads shown:
    Short takeoff (366 m, 12 Mk 82 Snakeye Bombs, internal fuel, 1 hour loiter)
    90 nautical miles
    Hi-lo-hi, short take off (366 m, seven Mk 82 Snakeye Bombs, two 300 US gallon external fuel tanks no loiter
    594 nautical miles
    Deck launch intercept mission,
    two AIM-9 missiles and two external fuel tanks
    627 nautical miles
    Unrefueled ferry range
    Tanks dropped
    1,965 nautical miles
    Tanks retained
    1,638 nautical miles
    Combat air patrol endurance at 100 nautical miles from base. 3 hr.
    "G" force limits +8/-3





    CHARACTERISTIC

    RADAR

    NIGHT

    ATTACK

    DAY

    ATTACK

    Aircraft Length (feet)

    47.75

    46.33

    46.33

    Aircraft Height (feet)

    11.66

    11.66

    11.66

    Aircraft Wingspan (feet)

    30.35

    30.35

    30.35

    Operating Weight Empty (pounds)

    14,912

    13,968

    13,705

    Maximum Vertical Takeoff Weight (pounds)

    20,752

    20,752

    19,185

    Maximum Short Takeoff Weight (pounds)

    32,000

    32,000

    31,000

    Internal Fuel Weight (pounds)

    7,762

    7,762

    7,762

    Maximum External Fuel Weight (pounds)

    8,073

    8,073

    8,073



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