Military

*FM 90-4

FIELD MANUAL
No. 90-4

HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 16 March 1987

 


FM 90-4

AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS

 


Contents

Preface

   

CHAPTER 1

Air Assault Operations in the AirLand Battle

Section

I

AVIATION AND INFANTRY

 

II

ORGANIZATION OF AIR ASSAULT FORCES

 

III

CAPABILITIES, LIMITATIONS, AND VULNERABILITIES

 

IV

EMPLOYMENT

CHAPTER 2

Preparation for Combat

Section

I

PROCEDURES

 

II

INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD

 

III

THE THREAT

 

IV

TASK ORGANIZING FOR AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS

 

V

COMMAND, CONTROL, AND COMMUNICATIONS

CHAPTER 3

Operations Planning

Section

I

ESTIMATE PROCESS

 

II

SECURITY AND CONTROL

 

III

GROUND TACTICAL PLAN

 

IV

THE LANDING PLAN

 

V

AIR MOVEMENT PLAN

 

VI

LOADING PLAN

 

VII

STAGING PLAN

 

VIII

AIR MISSION BRIEFING

CHAPTER 4

Combat Operations

Section

I

OFFENSE

 

II

DEFENSE

 

III

OTHER TACTICAL MISSIONS

CHAPTER 5

Combat Support

Section

I

COMBINED ARMS TEAM

 

II

FIRE SUPPORT

 

III

FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING AND COORDINATION

 

IV

ARTILLERY AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS

 

V

NAVAL GUNFIRE SUPPORT

 

VI

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT

 

VII

AIR DEFENSE

 

VIII

ENGINEER SUPPORT

CHAPTER 6

Combat Service Support

Section

I

PLANNING

 

II

COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT ORGANIZATION

 

III

COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT EXECUTION

 

IV

AVIATION SUPPORT CONSIDERATIONS

APPENDIX A

Conduct of an Air Assault Operation

APPENDIX B

Air Assault Planning Forms

APPENDIX C

Sample Annex to Infantry Battalion SOP for Air Assault Task Force Operations

APPENDIX D

Helicopter Characteristics

APPENDIX E

Pickup Zone and Landing Zone Operations

APPENDIX F

Air Assault Training

APPENDIX G

Army Airspace Management

APPENDIX H

Moving Vehicle-mounted TOW by Helicopter

GLOSSARY

 

REFERENCES

 
AUTHORIZATION

 

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 90-4, 8 October 1980.

 


 

Preface

This manual describes how infantry and aviation units plan and conduct air assault operations. It emphasizes the coordination necessary between these organizations concerning the planning sequence and tactical employment of both elements. It is written primarily for aviation and infantry units and is applicable to combat support and service support units with a need to plan for and use Army aviation support.

Air assault operations are conducted with speed, secrecy, and precision by a well trained, proficient combined arms team. To gain proficiency, individuals and units habitually conduct combined arms training in air assault operations before being committed to combat.

The proponent of this publication is HQ TRADOC. Submit changes for improving this publication on DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) and forward it to: Commandant, US Army Infantry School, ATTN: ATSH-B-ID, Fort Benning, GA 31905-5593.

The provisions of this publication are the subject of the following international agreements: 2351, Procedures for Marshalling Helicopters in Airmobile Operations; 2860, Principles of Engagement for the Landing Sites; 2861, Procedures for the Recovery of Downed Aircraft/Helicopters While Engaged in Airmobile Operations; 2863, Minimum Navigational Facilities for Multi-National Airmobile Operations; 2876, Planning and Coordination Procedures for Airmobile Operations; 2904, Airmobile Operations (ATP 41); 3117, Aircraft Marshalling Signals; 3345, Data Forms for Planning Air Movements; 3468, General Rues Covering the Transport of Loads by Helicopter; 3532, Transport of Troops by Helicopter; 3570, Drop Zones and Extraction Zones; 3597, Helicopter Tactical or Nonpermanent Landing Sites; 3619, Helipad Markings; 3627, Helicopter Day and Night Formation Flying; and 3630, Helicopter Tactical Operations at the High Hover.

Unless otherwise stated, whenever the masculine gender is used, both men and women are included.

 



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list