Military

*FM 7-93

FIELD MANUAL
No. 7-93

HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 3 October 1995

 

FM 7-93

LONG-RANGE SURVEILLANCE UNIT OPERATIONS

Table of Contents


PREFACE

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

Section I - Objective

1-1. Information Gathering

1-2. Human Intelligence Capabilities

1-3. Army Operations Doctrine

Section II - Mission

1-4. Characteristics

1-5. Mission Execution

Section III - Organization

1-6. Long-Range Surveillance Company

1-7. Long-Range Surveillance Detachment

1-8. Capabilities

1-9. Limitations

1-10. Weapons and Equipment

CHAPTER 2 - FUNDAMENTALS

Section I - Command and Control

2-1. Structure

2-2. Mission Taskings

2-3. Types of Missions

2-4. Leadership

2-5. Surveillance Team Operations

2-6. Operations Base

2-7. Tactical Operations Center

2-8. Task Organization

Section II - Communications

2-9. Communication Nets

2-10. Messages and Reports

2-11. Base Radio Station Operations

2-12. Surveillance Team Communications

2-13. Electronic Warfare

Section III - Mission Development

2-14. Planning

2-15. Coordination

2-16. Warning Order

Section IV - Operational Security

2-17. Tactical and Administrative Measures

2-18. Electronic Measures

CHAPTER 3 - OPERATIONS

Section I - Planning Phase

3-1. Contingency Plans

3-2. Control Measures

3-3. Planning Area Activities

Section II - Infiltration Phase

3-4. Movement to the Departure Area

3-5. Stay-Behind

3-6. Infiltration

3-7. Air Insertion

3-8. Amphibious Infiltration

3-9. Land Infiltration

Section III - Execution Phase

3-10. Movement to the Area of Operations

3-11. Hide Site and Surveillance Site Occupation

3-12. Site Selection

3-13. Actions in the Area of Operations

3-14. Reports

3-15. Movement to the Extraction Site

Section IV - Exfiltration Phase

3-16. Distances

3-17. Terrain

3-18. Enemy

3-19. Evasion and Escape

3-20. Extraction by Air

3-21. Land Exfiltration

Section V - Recovery Phase

3-22. Debriefing

3-23. Equipment Maintenance and Turn-In

3-24. Stand-Down

3-25. Training

CHAPTER 4 - SUPPORT

Section I - Combat Support

4-1. Joint Service Support

4-2. Army Aviation Support

4-3. Fire Support

4-4. Air Defense Artillery Support

4-5. Engineer Support

4-6. Electronic Warfare Support

Section II - Combat Service Support

4-7. Sources

4-8. Supply

4-9. Resupply

4-10. Transportation

4-11. Maintenance

4-12. Medical

4-13. Miscellaneous Services

CHAPTER 5 - LRS IN OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR

5-1. Activities

5-2. Planning Factors for Operations Other Than War

5-3. LRS Missions in Operations Other Than War

CHAPTER 6 - INFILTRATION AND EXFILTRATION

Section I - Waterborne Operations

6-1. Planning Considerations

6-2. F470 Zodiac Boat

6-3. Scout Swimmer

6-4. Helocasting Operations

Section II - Helicopter Operations

6-5. Rappelling

6-6. Special Patrol Infiltration/Exfiltration System

6-7. Fast-Rope Infiltration/Exfiltration System

6-8. Army Aviation and Air Assault

Section III - Airborne Operations

6-9. Landing Plan

6-10. Air Movement Plan

6-11. Marshalling Plan

Section IV - Stay-Behind Operations

6-12. Planning

6-13. Site Preparation

Section V - Vehicle Operations

6-14. Planning

6-15. LRS Team Planning

Section VI - Foot Movement Operations

6-16. Planning

6-17. Movement

APPENDIX A - PERSONNEL RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION

APPENDIX B - LONG-RANGE SURVEILLANCE RECONNAISSANCE

APPENDIX C - GEOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENTS

APPENDIX D - COMMUNICATIONS

APPENDIX E - LRSU HIDE AND SURVEILLANCE SITES

APPENDIX F - TRACKING AND COUNTERTRACKING, EVASION AND ESCAPE, AND SURVIVAL

APPENDIX G - INTELLIGENCE

APPENDIX H - ORDERS

APPENDIX I - BRIEFBACK AND DEBRIEFING FORMATS

APPENDIX J - MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES AND BATTLE DRILLS

APPENDIX K - NIGHT OPERATIONS

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION--Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 7-93, 9 June 1987.



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