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Military

*FM 6-20-40

Field Manual
No. 6-20-40

HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 5 January 1990

 

FM 6-20-40

TACTICS, TECHNIQUES, AND PROCEDURES FOR

FIRE SUPPORT FOR BRIGADE OPERATIONS (HEAVY)

Table of Contents


PREFACE

CHAPTER 1
ORGANIZATION AND DUTIES

Section I - HEAVY FORCES ORGANIZATION

Mission

Significant Features

Section II - THE FIRE SUPPORT SYSTEM

Components

Fire Support Planning and Coordination

Section III - FIRE SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS, PERSONNEL, AND DUTIES

Role of the Direct Support Field Artillery Battalion Commander

Fire Support Team Organization

Company Fire Support Officer Duties

Company Fire Support Sergeant Duties

Company Fire Support Officer Working Relationships

Required Fire Support Actions

Battalion or Squadron Fire Support Organization

Battalion Fire Support Officer Duties

Battalion Fire Support Plans/Targeting Officer Duties

Battalion Fire Support Sergeant Duties

Battalion Fire Support Officer Working Relationships

Brigade Fire Support Organization

Brigade Fire Support Officer Duties

Brigade Fire Support Plans/Targeting Officer Duties

Brigade Fire Support Sergeant Duties

Brigade Fire Support Officer Working Relationships

CHAPTER 2
THE "WHAT" OF FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING
AND COORDINATION

Fire Support Planning

Decision-Making Process

Fire Support Plan Rehearsal

Fire Planning

Target Acquisition Assets in a Brigade

Target List Work Sheet

Deliberate Fire Planning

Quick Fire Planning

Fire Support Execution Matrix

Fire Support Coordination

Brigade Fire Support Coordination Checklist

Split Command Post Operations

CHAPTER 3
THE "HOW" OF FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING

Section I - INTRODUCTION

General

Maneuver Tactics and Fire Support

Section II - FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING FOR THE OFFENSE

Offensive Operations

Movement to Contact

Hasty Attack

Deliberate Attack

Exploitation

Pursuit

Section III - FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING FOR THE DEFENSE

Purpose of Defensive Operations

Fire Support Considerations

Security Area

Main Battle Area

Section IV - SPECIAL TECHNIQUES

Delay

Withdrawal

Passage of Lines

Deliberate River Crossing

Relief in Place

Breakout by Encircled Forces

Linkup Operations

Security Operations

Reconnaissance Operations

CHAPTER 4
EXECUTION

Purpose

Example of Fire Support Execution for Deliberate Attack

Example of Fire Support Execution for Defense in Sector

APPENDIX A
FIRE SUPPORT ASSETS

Section I - FIELD ARTILLERY

Missions

Employment

Considerations

Multiple Launch Rocket System

Section II - MORTARS

Mission

Characteristics and Capabilities

Support and Command Relationships

Employment

Displacement

Section III - TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT

Missions

Preplanned Close Air Support

Immediate Close Air Support

Organization

Attack Coordination

Planning Considerations

Attack Execution

Section IV - NAVAL GUNFIRE

General Mission

Organization

Tactical Missions

Capabilities

Limitations

Control Measures

Communications

Naval and Marine Corps Air

Section V - ARMY AVIATION

Fire Support Tasks

Capabilities

Limitations

Targets

Section VI - JOINT AIR ATTACK TEAM

Description

When to Use JAAT

Planning Considerations

Preparation

Execution

APPENDIX B
COMMANDER'S GUIDANCE FOR FIRE SUPPORT PERSONNEL

APPENDIX C
FIRE SUPPORT DOCUMENTS

APPENDIX D
FIRE PLANNING TERMS, SYMBOLS, SCHEDULES, AND TOOLS

Target Terms

Target Numbering System

Target Symbols

Target List Work Sheet

Preparation of the Target List Work Sheet

Types of Planned Fires

Scheduling of Fire Support Assets

Target Overlay

Scheduling Work Sheet

Preparation of the Scheduling Work Sheet

APPENDIX E
FIRE SUPPORT COORDINATING MEASURES

Maneuver Control Measures Affecting Fire Support

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

Permissive Measures

Restrictive Measures

APPENDIX F
COMMUNICATIONS

Introduction

Communications Systems

Radio Net Structures

Single-Channel Ground-Airborne Radio System

Battlefield Electronic CEOI System

Mobile Subscriber Equipment

Loss of Communications

Retransmission

Communications Planning Ranges

Field-Expedient Antennas

APPENDIX G
TARGET VALUE ANALYSIS

Description

Definitions

TVA Tools

Spread Sheets

Target Sheet

High-Payoff Target List

The TVA Process

Coordination

Use of Spread Sheets

Development of the High-Payoff Target List

Preparation of Target Attack Guidance Matrix

Preparation for Future Operations

Integration of TVA Process Into Fire Support Planning

Integration of TVA Process Into TACFIRE Operations

APPENDIX H
SPECIAL MUNITIONS

Section I - FAMILY OF SCATTERABLE MINES

Employment Considerations

Capabilities

Employment Options

Basic Uses of FASCAM

Firing in Artillery-Delivered Mines

Choosing Minefield Width and Density

Fire Unit Selection Considerations

Safety Zone Determination

Scatterable Minefield Report

Field Artillery Employment Tables

Section II - OBSCURANTS

Applications

Employment Considerations

Sources of Obscurants Available to the Fire Support Officer

Obscurant Employment Tasks

Section III - COPPERHEAD

Description

G/VLLD Employment

Copperhead Employment

Positioning for Copperhead Employment

Copperhead Coverage Template

Section IV - CHEMICAL MUNITIONS

Chemical Munitions Employment

Planning for Chemical Munitions

Section V - NUCLEAR MUNITIONS

Nuclear Employment

Nuclear Planning

Nuclear Execution

Nuclear Vulnerability Analysis

Fire Support Coordination

Fire Support Officer Responsibilities

Aimpoint Refinement

APPENDIX I
COMBAT OBSERVATION/LASING TEAM

Description

Organization

General Considerations

Seeker Characteristics

Seeker Types

Designator and Seeker Pulse Code

Employment Options

Current and Projected Laser Systems

APPENDIX J
ENVIRONMENTAL AND TERRAIN CONSIDERATIONS
FOR FIRE SUPPORT

Mountain Operations

Jungle Operations

Desert Operations

Night Operations

Continuous Operations

Military Operations on Urban Terrain

Cold Weather Operations

APPENDIX K
AERIAL FIRE SUPPORT OBSERVER AND
OH-58D EMPLOYMENT

Description of the OH-58D Helicopter

Capabilities of the OH-58D

Limitations

Missions

Organization

Employment Considerations

APPENDIX L
REPRODUCIBLE FORMS AND TEMPLATE PATTERNS

DA Forms

Template Patterns

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes TC 6-20-5, 8 January 1982.



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