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*FM 6-20-1

Field Manual
Number 6-20-1
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 29 November 1990

FM 6-20-1

Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for
THE FIELD ARTILLERY CANNON BATTALION

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution is authorized to US Government agencies only to protect technical or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other means. This determination was made on 3 November 1989. Other requests for this document will be referred to Commandant, US Army Field Artillery School, ATTN: ATSF-DD, Fort Sill, OK 73503-5600.
DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document.

Table of Contents


PREFACE

CHAPTER 1 - ROLE OF THE BATTALION

SEVEN BASIC TASKS

COMMAND AND CONTROL

CHAPTER 2 - SUPPORT OF MANEUVER OPERATIONS

Section I - GENERAL

AREAS OF CONSIDERATION

CONSIDERATIONS OF METT-T

Section II - OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

DEFINITION OF THE OFFENSE

TYPES OF OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

FIRE SUPPORT ACTIONS IN THE OFFENSE

FIELD ARTILLERY TASKS IN THE OFFENSE

Section III - DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

DEFINITION OF THE DEFENSE

TYPES OF DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

FIRE SUPPORT ACTIONS IN THE DEFENSE

FIELD ARTILERY TASKS IN THE DEFENSE

Section IV - OTHER OPERATIONS

ENCIRCLED FORCES

RETROGRADE OPERATIONS

PASSAGE OF LINES

RELIEF IN PLACE

RIVER CROSSING

CHAPTER 3 - OPERATIONS

Section I - BATTALION COMMAND POST AND RESPONSIBILITIES

COMMAND POST FUNCTIONS

COMMAND POST ORGANIZATION

DUTIES OF KEY PERSONNEL

Section II - FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING

FIRE SUPPORT PLAN

FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT PLAN

STAFF PLANNING ACTIONS

REHEARSALS

LAST-MINUTE MODIFICATIONS TO THE PLAN

Section III - MOVEMENT AND POSITIONING

POSITION SELECTION FACTORS

RECONNAISSANCE

SURVEY

DISPLACEMENT

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATION

SURVIVABILITY

CONSIDERATIONS FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL OF BATTERIES

CHAPTER 4 - DELIVERY OF FIRES

TACTICAL FIRE DIRECTION

TARGET ANALYSIS

AUTOMATED TACTICAL FIRE DIRECTION

MANUAL BACKUP FOR TACFIRE

CONTROLLING FIRES

TECHNICAL FIRE DIRECTION

TACFIRE AND NON-TACFIRE OPERATIONS

CHAPTER 5 - TARGET ACQUISITION

TARGETING PERSONNEL

FIRE SUPPORT TEAM

AERIAL FIRE SUPPORT OBSERVERS AND OH-58D HELICOPTER

COMBAT OBSERVATION/LASING TEAM

SURVEY PLATOON

WEAPONS-LOCATING RADAR

MOVING-TARGET-LOCATING RADAR

ELECTRONIC WARFARE

CHAPTER 6 - COMMUNICATIONS

Section I - GENERAL

REQUIREMENTS

MEANS

COMMUNICATIONS RESPONSIBILITES

STAFF RESPONSIBILITES

PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS

COMMUNICATIONS TIPS

Section II - RADIO COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

NET TITLES

NET DESCRIPTION

FIELD ARTILLERY CANNON BATTALION RADIO NETS

Section III - WIRE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

WIRE CIRCUITS DESCRIPTION

FIELD ARTILLERY CANNON BATTALION WIRE CIRCUITS

Section IV - NEW COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

MOBILE SUBSCRIBER EQUIPMENT

COMBAT NET RADIOS

CHAPTER 7 - COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT

Section I - ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS

MISSION

RESPONSIBILITIES

S1 SECTION

MEDICAL SECTION

S4 SECTION

MAINTENANCE SECTION

AMMUNITION SECTION

BATTERIES

BRIGADE TRAINS

BATTALION TRAINS

Section II - PLANNING

PLANNING FOR CHANGING MISSIONS

PRINCIPLES

SUPPORT OF COMBAT OPERATIONS

BATTALION LOGISTICS ESTIMATE

Section III - LOGISTICAL SUPPORT

SUPPLY

MAINTENANCE

FIELD SERVICES

TRANSPORTATION

Section IV - PERSONNEL AND HEALTH SERVICES SUPPORT

PERSONNEL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES

HEALTH SERVICES SUPPORT

Section V - RECONSTITUTION

REORGANIZATION

REGENERATION

WEAPON SYSTEM REPLACEMENT OPERATIONS

APPENDIX A - TACFIRE-NON-TACFIRE OPERATIONS

DIGITAL COMMUNICATION

CONSIDERATIONS

INTERFACE TECHNIQUES

OPTION ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

BATTALION-LEVEL SITUATIONS

EXECUTION

TACFIRE-INPUT PARAMETERS TO THE FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT PLAN

APPENDIX B - SPECIAL ENVIRONMENTS AND OPERATIONS

NIGHT OPERATIONS

NORTHERN REGION OPERATIONS

MILITARY OPERATIONS ON URBANIZED TERRAIN

DESERT OPERATIONS

JUNGLE OPERATIONS

MOUNTAIN OPERATIONS

AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS

AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS

AIRBORNE OPERATIONS

COUNTERGUERRILLA OPERATIONS

APPENDIX C - FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALION ORGANIZATION AND STANDARDIZED COMMAND POST

APPENDIX D - NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL OPERATIONS

Section I - TACTICAL NUCLEAR OPERATIONS

TRANSITION TO WAR

BATTALION OPERATIONS

BATTERY OPERATIONS

Section II - TACTICAL CHEMICAL OPERATIONS

CHEMICAL DEFENSE

OFFENSIVE CHEMICAL EMPLOYMENT

APPENDIX E - FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT PLAN

FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT PLAN FORMAT

EXAMPLE FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT PLAN

EXAMPLE FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT MATRIX

EXAMPLE FIRE PLAN

EXAMPLE TARGET ACQUISITION TAB

EXAMPLE RADAR DEPLOYMENT ORDER

EXAMPLE CAPABILITIES OVERLAY

EXAMPLE SURVEY PLAN

EXAMPLE TACFIRE TAB

EXAMPLE POSITIONING OVERLAY

PREPRINTED FORMATS

APPENDIX F - FIRE PLANNING PROCEDURES

Section I - MANUAL FIRE PLANNING

PLANNED FIRES

MLRS FIRE PLANNING

Section II - AUTOMATED FIRE PLANNING

NONNUCLEAR FIRE PLAN COMMANDER'S CRITERIA

RELATED FILES

TARGET LISTS

SCHEDULING

BATTALION SCHEDULING PROCEDURES

RECOMMENDED COMPUTATION PROCEDURES

NONNUCLEAR FIRE PLAN ALTERATION

EXECUTION

NONNUCLEAR FIRE PLANNING AUTOMATED RECORDS AND REPORTS

FILE MAINTENANCE

VERIFICATION

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


*This publication supersedes FM 6-20-1 (HTF), 27 December 1983, and FM 6-20-1J, 14 June 1984.



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