Military

* FM 55-501

Field Manual
No. 55-501
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, D.C., 1 December 1999

 

FM 55-501

MARINE CREWMAN'S HANDBOOK

 

Contents

Preface
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO ARMY WATERCRAFT
Watercraft Operations
Classes of Watercraft
Descriptions of Logistics Support Vessel
Chapter 2 SHIPBOARD LIFE
Marine Qualification
Shipboard Customs and Courtesies
Deck Watches
Logbooks
Shipboard Sanitation
Water Pollution Control
Accident Reports
Chapter 3 VESSEL TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
Nautical Terminology
Structural Parts of the Hull
Shipboard Measurements
Categories of Ship's Deck Gear
Chapter 4 SMALL BOAT HANDLING
Forces Affecting Boat Handling
Standard Steering Commands
Handling Characteristics of Single- and Twin-Screw Vessels
Docking and Undocking
Handling Grounded Harbor Craft
Heavy Weather Measures
Chapter 5 CHARTS AND PUBLICATIONS
The Earth and Its Coordinates
The Mercator Chart
Chart Portfolios
Correcting a Chart
Requisitioning Procedures for Charts
Publications
Chapter 6 DEAD RECKONING AND PILOTING TECHNIQUES
The Magnetic Compass
Piloting Instruments
Aids to Navigation
Dead Reckoning
Piloting Techniques
Chapter 7 TIDES AND CURRENTS
Tides
Tide Tables
Predicting the Height of Tide
Tidal Currents
Tidal Current Tables
Predicting the Set and Drift of the Current
Chapter 8 WEATHER
Weather Instruments
Clouds
Basic Elements of Weather
Chapter 9 SHIPBOARD COMMUNICATIONS
Shipboard Tactical and Marine Radios
Communications-Electronics Operation Instructions
Signaling by International Code Flags
Flashing Light Signals
Distress, Urgent, and Special Signals
Emergency Radiotelephone Procedures
Chapter 10 MARINE EMERGENCIES
Station Bill
Emergency Signals
Emergency Squad
Abandon Ship Procedures
Life Rafts
Search Air Rescue
Shipboard NBC Defense
Chapter 11 SHIPBOARD FIRE FIGHTING
Chemistry of Fire
Classes of Fire
Extinguishing Agents
Portable Fire Extinguishers
Semiportable Fire Extinguishers
Fixed Fire Stations
Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
Chapter 12 MARLINESPIKE SEAMANSHIP
Care and Use of Fiber Line
Knots, Bends, and Hitches
Splicing Three-Strand Fiber Line
Care and Use of Wire Rope
Putting an Eye in Wire Rope
Splicing 2-in-1 Double-Braided Nylon Line (Samson 2-in-1 Braid-Splicing Principles)
Chapter 13 DECK MAINTENANCE
Preventive Maintenance
Hand Tools and Their Use
Painting
Spray Guns and Their Use
Maintenance of Ship's Rigging and Deck Machinery
Chapter 14 BEACHING AND RETRACTING OPERATIONS
Rules for Landing Operations
Surf Action
Preparing to Hit the Beach
Beaching Hazards
Broaching To
Beaching Procedures
Beaching an LCU
Retracting an LCU
Retracting an LCM
Salvage Procedures
Chapter 15 LANDING CRAFT OPERATIONS
Administrative Operation
Tactical Operation
Section I -- Tactical Operations
Amphibious Operations
Loading for Movement Overseas
Boat Groups
Calling Boats Alongside
Landing Craft Waves
Types of Formations
Landing Craft Visual Signals
Hydrographic and Beach Markers
General Unloading Phase
Section II -- Logistics-Over-The-Shore Operations
Logistic Over The Shore Operations
Cargo Documentation
Cargo Loading Operations
Tips On Securing Cargo Aboard Landing Craft
Loading Troops
Chapter 16 SAFETY
Responsibilities for Safety Program
Principles of an Effective Safety Program
Safety Standing Operating Procedure
Special Precautions
Safety Color Code Markings and Signs
Chapter 17 SHIPBOARD EXPEDIENTS (EMERGENCIES)
Emergency Steering Procedures, LCM-8
Field Expedient Repairs
LCU 1600 Emergency Steering
Lowering the Ramp on an LCM-8 Without Power
Raising the Ramp on an LCM-8 Without Power
Beaching Stern First
Underwater Repairs
Expedient Repairs--Troubleshooting Chart
Floating in a Towline
Chapter 18 SEARCH AND RESCUE
Personal Survival
Cold Water Survival and Hypothermia
Sector Search Pattern for One Ship
Chapter 19 TOWING
Types of Tow
Description of Towing Equipment
Handling Towlines
Towing Alongside (Hip Tow)
Towing Astern (Inland Waters)
Towing Astern (Open Sea)
Towing in Tandem
Chapter 20 RIGGING (SEAMANSHIP)
Section I -- Blocks and Tackles
Description of Blocks
Common Cargo Blocks
Combinations of Blocks and Tackles
Reeving Blocks and Tackles
Determining the Mechanical Advantages of Tackles
Section II -- Computations
Computing Friction
Computing Breaking Strength and Safe Working Load
Computing the Breaking Strength of a Block and Tackle
Computing Safe Working Load for Hooks, Shackles, and Turnbuckles
Section III -- Block Maintenance and Rigging
Maintenance and Overhaul of Blocks
Standing Rigging
Inspections of Rigging
Grounding Masts
Chapter 21 GROUND TACKLE
Anchors
Anchor Chain
Marking the Anchor Chain
The Anchor Windlass
Letting Go the Anchor--General Procedures
Operating the Capstan Anchor Windlass
Operating the Horizontal Anchor Windlass
Sequence of Weighing Anchor
Securing the Anchor for Sea
Maintenance
Chapter 22 DAMAGE CONTROL
Damage Control Program
Shoring
Bracing
Use of Carpenter's Steel Square in Shoring
Plugging
Patching
Pipe Repair
Emergency Damage Control Metallic Pipe Repair Kit
Appendix A

NAUTICAL CHART SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

Appendix B

FORMATS FOR REQUISITIONING CHARTS AND OTHER MARINE PRODUCTS FROM THE DEFENSE MAPPING AGENCY

Appendix C

EXTRACT FROM AMERICAN PRACTICAL NAVIGATOR, VOLUME II

Appendix D

WIRE AND NYLON TOWLINES

Glossary

Bibliography

Authentication


Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 55-501, 15 March 1983; FM 55-501-1, 13 May 1985; FM 55-501-2, 21 December 1984, and TM 55-503, 13 July 1966.

 



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