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*FM 5-4300-00-1

*AFJPAM32-8013, Vol I

Field Manual
No. 5-430-00-1
Air Force Joint Pamphlet
No. 32-8013, Vol I
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Department of the Air Force
Washington, DC, 26 August 1994

FM 5-430-00-1

PLANNING AND DESIGN OF ROADS, AIRFIELDS, AND HELIPORTS IN THE THEATER OF OPERATIONS--ROAD DESIGN

Volume I

Table of Contents


FOREWORD

PREFACE

CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL INFORMATION

General Information

Basic Planning Considerations in the Theater of Operations

Airfield Construction

Road Construction

Engineering Study

CHAPTER 2 - SITE SELECTION AND RECONNAISSANCE

Location Factors

Reconnaissance

Route and Road Reconnaissance

Engineer Reconnaissance

Airfield Reconnaissance

CHAPTER 3 - SURVEYS AND EARTHWORK OPERATIONS

Construction Surveys

Construction Stakes

The Mass Diagram

CHAPTER 4 - CLEARING, GRUBBING, AND STRIPPING

Forest Types and Environmental Conditions

Preparation

Clearing Considerations

Performance Techniques

CHAPTER 5 - SUBGRADES AND BASE COURSES

Design Considerations

Subgrades

Select Materials and Subbase Courses

Base Course

CHAPTER 6 - DRAINAGE

SECTION I - Construction Drainage

Preliminary Measures

Drainage Hydrology

The Hydrograph

Drainage-System Design

Design Procedures

Estimating Runoff Using the Rational Method

SECTION II - Open-Channel Design

Design Factors

Design Considerations

Design Techniques

SECTION III - Culverts

Culvert Types and Designs

Ponding Areas

Drop Inlets and Gratings

Subsurface Drainage

SECTION IV - Surface Drainage Design in Arctic and Subarctic Regions

Fords, Dips, Causeways, and Bridges

Erosion Control

Nonuse Areas and Open Channels

Culvert Outlets

CHAPTER 7 - SOILS TRAFFICABILITY

Basic Trafficability Factors

Critical Layer

Instruments and Tests for Trafficability

Measuring Trafficability

Application of Trafficability Procedures in Fine-Grained Soils and Remoldable Sands

Self-Propelled, Tracked Vehicles and All-Wheel-Drive Vehicles Negotiating Slopes

Operation in Coarse-Grained Soils

Trafficability Data

Soil-Trafficability Classification

CHAPTER 8 - MAINTENANCE, REPAIR, AND REHABILITATION OF ROADS, AIRFIELDS, AND HELIPORTS

Maintenance and Repair Considerations

Maintenance and Repair Operations

Road Maintenance

Airfield and Heliport Maintenance

CHAPTER 9 - ROAD DESIGN

Geometric Design

Vertical Alignment

Structural Design

Spray Applications and Expedient-Surfaced Roads

Use of Polymer Cells (Sand Grid) to Build Roads in Sandy Soils

Surface Treatments

Construction Methods

General Road Structural Design

APPENDIX A - METRIC CONVERSION

APPENDIX B - GEOTEXTILE FORMULAS

APPENDIX C - HYDROLOGIC AND HYDRAULIC TABLES AND CURVES

APPENDIX D - CONE INDEX REQUIREMENTS

APPENDIX E - SOIL-TRAFFICABILITY TEST SET

APPENDIX F - CURVE TABLES

APPENDIX G - FROST DESIGN FOR ROADS

APPENDIX H - GEOTEXTILE DESIGN

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication together with FM 5-430-00-2/AFJPAM 32-8013, Vol II, 29 September 1994 supersedes FM 5-165/AFR 86-13, 29 August 1975, FM 5-335, 2 December 1985 and TM 5-330/AFM 83-6, Vol 1, 8 September 1968.



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