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Military

This manual contains copyrighted material.

*FM 31-71

FIELD MANUAL

No. 31-71
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
WASHINGTON, D. C., 21 June 1971

FM 31-71

NORTHERN OPERATIONS

Table of Contents


FOREWORD

CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL

Section I - Introduction

Section II - Effects of environment on military operations

Section III - Mobility

CHAPTER 2 - OPERATIONS

Section I - Planning

Section II - Organization

Section III - Combat intelligence, patrolling, counterintelligence, and security

Section IV - Offensive operations

Section V - Defensive operations

Section VI - Retrograde operations

Section VII - Airmobile operations

Section VIII - Combat under conditions of low visibility

CHAPTER 3 - COMBAT AND COMBAT SUPPORT

Section I - Infantry

Section II - Armor units

Section III - Artillery

Section IV - Army aviation

Section V - Chemical operations and biological defense

Section VI - Flame and smoke operations

Section VII - Nuclear weapons

Section VIII - Engineers

CHAPTER 4 - COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT

Section I - General

Section II - Planning

Section III - Organization for logistic support

Section IV - Materiel and services

Section V - Medical support

Section VI - Transportation and traffic control

Section VII - Personnel

Section VIII - Chaplain

CHAPTER 5 - COMMUNICATIONS

Section I - General

Section II - Communication

Section III - Visual communication

Section IV - Messenger

Section V - Photography

Section VI - Maintenance and care of equipment

CHAPTER 6 - OTHER TACTICAL OPERATIONS

Section I - Airborne operations

Section II - Operations on permanent ice and snow covered areas

Section III - Amphibious operations

Section IV - Riverine operations

Section V - Raids and rear area operations

Section VI - Special forces and psychological operations

Section VII - Use of nonair defense weapons against aircraft

CHAPTER 7 - TRAINING

Section I - General

Section II - Winter training

Section III - Training--other seasons

Section IV - Hints for instructors

APPENDIX A - REFERENCES

APPENDIX B - SUGGESTED TRAINING PROGRAM FOR WINTER INDOCTRINATION

APPENDIX C - COMMANDER'S GUIDE FOR NORTHERN OPERATIONS

APPENDIX D - BOAT PROCEDURES

APPENDIX E - MEASUREMENT CONVERSION FACTORS

Glossary

Authorization Letter


*This publication supersedes FM 31-71, 10 January 1963, including all changes.



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