Military

*FM 31-70

FIELD MANUAL

HEADQUARTERS

 

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

No. 31-70

WASHINGTON, D.C., 12 April 1968

FM 31-70

BASIC COLD WEATHER MANUAL

Editor's Note: Requirements of Change 1, 17 December 1968, have been incorporated within the document. Changed or new material is indicated by an asterisk (*).

Table of Contents


CHANGE 1, 17 DECEMBER 1968

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2 - INDIVIDUAL CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT

Section I - General

Section II - Clothing

Section III - Equipment

CHAPTER 3 - SMALL UNIT LIVING

Section I - General

Section II - Tentage and other equipment

Section III - Improvised shelters

Section IV - Food and water

Section V - Hygiene and first aid

Section VI - Bivouac routine

CHAPTER 4 - SKIING AND SNOWSHOEING

Section I - Introduction

Section II - Snow and terrain

Section III - Military skiing

Section IV - Military snowshoeing

Section V - Application of ski and snowshoe technique

CHAPTER 5 - MOVEMENT

Section I - Problems affecting movement

Section II - Foot movement

Section III - Trailbreaking

Section IV - Land navigation

Section V - Action when lost

Section VI - Mechanized aid to movement

Section VII - Sleds

Section VIII - Aircraft

CHAPTER 6 - COMBAT TECHNIQUES

Section I - The individual and northern warfare

Section II - Individual weapons and instruments

Section III - Fire and movement

Section IV - Fighting techniques

Section V - Camouflage and concealment

Section VI - Mines and obstacles

CHAPTER 7 - SMALL UNIT LEADERS

Section I - General

Section II - Peculiar problems and leaders

APPENDIX A - REFERENCES

APPENDIX B - GROUND/AIR EMERGENCY CODE FOR USE IN AIR/LAND RESCUE SEARCH

APPENDIX C - SKI DRILL

APPENDIX D - EFFECTS OF COLD WEATHER ON WEAPONS

APPENDIX E - WEIGHTS OF COLD WEATHER CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT AND TYPE LOAD

APPENDIX F - ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

APPENDIX G - COLD WEATHER HINTS

APPENDIX H - MEASUREMENT CONVERSION FACTORS

GLOSSARY

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


*This publication supersedes FM 31-70, 24 February 1959, including all changes.



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