Military

Part Two

Enemy Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees

Part Two addresses handling, securing, and accounting for EPWs and CIs. The MP performing EPW/CI operations must follow specific ROE and ROI applicable to this category of I/R operations. The EPWs and CIs are not treated as DCs or US military prisoners. Leaders and soldiers must be knowledgeable of the Geneva and Hague Conventions, applicable protocols, ARs, and US laws. During war or military operations other than war (MOOTW) involving US forces, the accountability and safe, humane treatment of captives are essential. The US policy demands that all persons who are captured, detained, or held by US forces during conflict be treated humanely. This policy applies from the moment captives are taken until they are released, repatriated, or transferred. Chapter 3 describes division collecting points (CPs) and corps holding areas (CHAs) that may be established throughout the battlefield. Chapter 4 addresses procedures for EPWs, and Chapter 5 describes procedures for CIs. Chapter 6 addresses unique planning requirements to be considered when operating an I/R facility.


Chapter 3

Division Collecting Points and Corps Holding Areas

Chapters 3 and 4 implement STANAG 2044.

A large number of captives on the battlefield hampers maneuver units as they move to engage and destroy an enemy. To assist maneuver units in performing their mission—

  • Division MP units operate CPs in the division AO.

  • Corps MP units operate holding areas in the corps AO.

OVERVIEW

3-1. The MP units accept captives from capturing units as far forward as possible, and captives are held in CPs and CHAs until they are removed from the battlefield. Normally, CPs are operated in the division AO and CHAs are operated in the corps AO; but they can be operated anywhere they are needed. The CPs and CHAs sustain and safeguard captives and ensure a minimum level of field processing and accountability. Wounded and sick captives receive medical treatment, and captives who require lifesaving medical attention are evacuated to the nearest medical facility.

3-2. The MP establish listening posts (LPs), observation posts (OPs), guard posts, and fighting positions to protect captives and prevent their escape. Captured soldiers are trained to believe that escape from captivity is their duty; therefore, they must be closely guarded. Consider the morale and physical condition of captives when determining the number of guards needed. Guards must be prepared to use and maintain firm control and security.

3-3. The MP work closely with military intelligence (MI) interrogation teams at CPs and CHAs to determine if captives, their equipment, and their weapons have intelligence value. This process is accelerated when MI interrogation teams can observe captives during arrival and processing, and interrogators can also be used as interpreters during this phase. Before a captive is interviewed by MI personnel, he must have a Department of Defense (DD) Form 2745 (Figure 3-1) attached to him and be accounted for on DD Form 2708.

Figure 3-1. Sample DD Form 2745

Figure 3-1. Sample DD Form 2745

3-4. If the CP or the CHA comes under a nuclear, biological, or chemical (NBC) attack, remove captives from the contaminated area and decontaminate them to the same level as US forces. Request assistance for decontaminating captives through command channels. The supply officer issues NBC protective equipment and clothing to captives, using captured materials (when available) or US materials (if necessary).

PROCESSING CAPTIVES

3-5. Processing begins when US forces capture or detain an individual. The processing is accomplished in the CZ for security, control, intelligence, and the welfare of captives in evacuation channels. This is referred to as field processing . The capturing unit begins field processing by using the Five Ss and T procedure (search, segregate, silence, speed, safeguard, and tag). At the CP or the CHA, MP continue processing with the principles of STRESS (search, tag, report, evacuate, segregate, and safeguard).

3-6. After receiving a captive from a capturing unit, MP are responsible for safeguarding and accounting for the captive at each stage of his removal from the battlefield. The processing procedure begins upon capture and continues until the captive reaches the I/R facility and is released. The process of identifying and tagging a captive helps US forces control and account for him as they move rearward from the battlefield. Before a captive is interned, repatriated, or released, MP at the I/R facility must provide full-scale processing.

CAPTURING UNIT

3-7. The Five Ss and T procedure is performed by the capturing unit. The basic principles are search, segregate, silence, speed, safeguard, and tag (see Table 3-1).

Table 3-1. Five Ss and T Procedure

Procedure

Description

Search Search captives for weapons and ammunition, items of intelligence value, and other inappropriate items.

NOTE: Conduct same-gender searches when possible. If mixed-gender searches are necessary for speed or security, conduct them in a respectful manner and avoid any action that could be interpreted as sexual molestation or assault. To prevent allegations of sexual misconduct, the on-site supervisor carefully controls soldiers who perform mixed-gender searches.

Segregate Segregate captives by rank, gender, nationality, and status.
Silence Do not allow captives to speak or allow anyone to speak to them. Speak to captives only to give orders.
Speed Remove captives from the battlefield as quickly as possible.
Safeguard Safeguard captives according to the Geneva Conventions and the US policy. Provide medical care as needed.
Tag Tag captives with a DD Form 2745 or a field-expedient capture tag that includes the following information:
  • Date of capture.

  • Location of capture (grid coordinates).

  • Capturing unit.

  • Special circumstances of capture (how the person was captured, if he resisted, if he gave up, and so forth).

NOTE: The capturing unit must complete a capture tag because failure to do so hinders further processing and disposition.

COLLECTING POINTS AND HOLDING AREAS

3-8. When a captive arrives at a division CP or a CHA, he is processed by the STRESS method. The basic principles are search, tag, report, evacuate, segregate, and safeguard (see STANAG 2044).

Search

3-9. Search and inspect each captive and his possessions. Conduct same-gender searches when possible. If mixed-gender searches are necessary for speed or security, conduct them in a respectful manner and avoid any action that could be interpreted as sexual molestation or assault. To prevent allegations of sexual misconduct, the on-site supervisor carefully controls soldiers who perform mixed-gender searches. Some items can be retained during captivity, some items are impounded and eventually returned, and certain items are confiscated and never returned, even if the captive is released or repatriated.

3-10. Retained Items. A captive is allowed to keep certain items during his captivity. They are generally divided into two groups. The first group consists of items taken during the receiving portion of inprocessing and returned later in the process. The second group consists of items that the captive can keep at all times. NOTE: These lists are not all inclusive.

  • Group 1.

    • Military mess equipment (except knives and forks).

    • Helmet.

    • Protective clothing and equipment (NBC suits, helmets, and protective masks) for use during evacuation from the CZ.

    • Personal clothing.

    • Badges of rank and nationality.

    • Military decorations.

    • ID cards and tags.

    • Rations (in the early stages of captivity).

  • Group 2.

    • Religious literature (within reason).

    • Personal items having no intelligence value (jewelry and pictures).

3-11. Impounded Items. A captive is not allowed to keep impounded items during his internment. They can make escape easier or can compromise US security interests. Impounded items normally include—

  • Cameras.

  • Radios.

  • Currency.

  • Negotiable instruments.

3-12. Confiscated Items. The following items are confiscated when searching a captive:

  • Weapons.

  • Ammunition.

  • Items of intelligence value (maps and orders).

  • Other inappropriate items.

3-13. The MP coordinate with MI interrogation teams to determine which confiscated items have intelligence value. Personal items (diaries, letters from home, and family pictures) can be taken by MI teams for review and then returned to the proper owner via MP.

NOTES:

1. Currency is only confiscated on a commissioned officer's order (see AR 190-8), and it must be accounted for on DA Form 4137.

2. For an in-depth discussion on impounded and confiscated property, see AR 190-8 and DFAS-IN 37-1.

3-14. Property Accountability. When seizing property from a captive—

  • Bundle it or place it in a bag to keep it intact and separate from other captives' possessions.

  • Prepare DA Form 4137 for confiscated and impounded property.

  • Prepare a receipt for currency and negotiable instruments to be signed by the captive and the receiver. Use cash collection vouchers so that the value can be credited to each captive's account. List currency and negotiable instruments on the captive's personal-property list, but treat them as impounded property.

  • Keep the original receipt with the property during evacuation. Give the captive a copy of the receipt, and tell him to keep it to expedite the return of his property.

  • Have MI sign for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708.

  • Return confiscated property to supply after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded through MI channels.

  • Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next level of internment.

  • Maintain controlled access to confiscated and impounded property.

Tag

3-15. Tag each captive with a DD Form 2745. The MP at CPs and CHAs check each tag for the—

  • Date and time of capture.

  • Capturing unit.

  • Place of capture.

  • Circumstances of the capture.

The remaining information on the tag is included as it becomes available.

3-16. A DD Form 2745 is a perforated, three-part form that is individually serial-numbered. It is constructed of durable, waterproof, tear-resistant material with reinforced eyeholes on Parts A and C. Part A is attached to the captive with wire or string, Part B is maintained by the capturing unit for their records, and Part C is attached to confiscated property so that the owner can be identified later.

3-17. The MP at division CPs ensure that a DD Form 2745 is placed on each captive who arrives at the CP without one. They may direct the capturing unit to complete a capture tag before accepting the prisoner into the CP. The MP—

  • Make a statement on the tag if the captive arrived without it.

  • Instruct the captive not to remove or alter the tag.

  • Annotate the tag's serial number and the captive's name on a locally developed manifest.

NOTE: See Soldier Training Publication (STP) 21-24-SMCT for more information on DD Form 2745.

Report

3-18. Report the number of captives at each CP through MP channels. This aids in the transportation and security planning processes.

Evacuate

3-19. Evacuate captives from the CZ through appropriate channels as humanely and quickly as possible. Do not delay movement to obtain names, ranks, service numbers, or dates of birth. When moving captives, give them clear, brief instructions in their own language when possible. Military necessity may require a delay in movement beyond a reasonable time. When this occurs, ensure that there is an adequate supply of food, potable water, appropriate clothing, shelter, and medical attention available.

3-20. The MP ensure that the proper paperwork (DA Form 4137, DD Form 515, and DD Form 2708) is complete before captives are evacuated. If necessary, a DD Form 2708 (annotated with the number of prisoners) and a manifest will suffice. Do not expose captives to unnecessary danger, and protect them while they are awaiting evacuation. For seriously wounded or sick captives, medical personnel determine if prompt evacuation is more dangerous than retaining them in the CZ.

Segregate

3-21. The OIC or the noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC) is responsible for the custody of captives. He designates segregation procedures and levels to ensure their security, health, and welfare. Segregate captives into the following categories:

  • Officers, NCOs, and enlisted members (male and female). Deserters and those who gave up without a fight may be further segregated for their protection. Nationally recognized ideologies and ethnic groups can also be segregated.

  • CIs and refugees. They are separated from EPWs.

  • US military prisoners. They are separated from all other prisoners/detainees (EPWs, CIs, ODs, and refugees). (See Chapter 8 for a complete discussion on the confinement of US military prisoners.)

3-22. Ultimately, all captives are classified as an EPW, a CI, or an OD. However, it may be impossible to readily classify all captives. If there is any doubt about a captive's status, protect him under the rules of the Geneva Conventions and the US policy until a competent tribunal can determine his status. (See AR 190-8 for further information.)

3-23. Do not use coercion to obtain information from captives. This includes basic information such as name, rank, service number, and date of birth that captives are required to provide under the Geneva Conventions. Coercion or inhumane treatment of captives is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious violation of international law and the UCMJ.

3-24. Do not speak to captives except to give orders or directions. Do not let captives talk to or signal each other. This prevents them from plotting ways to counter security and plan escapes. An uncooperative captive can be gagged in certain tactical situations; however, only use a gag for as long as needed and ensure that it does not harm the captive.

Safeguard

3-25. To safeguard captives according to the Geneva Conventions and the US policy—

  • Provide first aid and medical treatment for wounded and sick captives. Evacuate them through medical channels, using the assets available to evacuate US and allied forces.

  • Provide food and water. These supplies must be commensurate to those for US and allied forces (see FM 27-10 and STANAG 2044).

  • Provide firm, humane treatment.

  • Allow captives to use protective equipment in case of hostile fire or NBC threat.

  • Protect captives from abuse by other captives and local civilians.

  • Report acts and allegations of inhumane treatment through MP channels (see AR 190-40).

  • Do not locate captives near obvious targets (ammunition sites, fuel facilities, and communications equipment).

EVACUATING CAPTIVES

3-26. Remove captives from the CZ as quickly as possible. The intent is to move them from division CPs to an I/R facility. The goal is for higher echelons to go forward to lower echelons and evacuate captives to the rear as follows:

  • Division MP move forward to the forward CP to escort captives to the central CP.

  • Corps MP move forward to the central CP to escort captives to the CHA.

  • Echelons above corps (EAC) MP move forward to the CHA to escort captives to the I/R facility.

3-27. If escort guard companies are available in the TO, they are placed under OPCON of the MP commander. They—

  • Provide supervisory and security personnel during evacuation and/or movement.

  • Go forward to the corps and the division to escort captives to the I/R facility.

  • Escort captives from the division forward CP to the corps or the EAC (in coordination with the respective echelon provost marshal [PM]).

SICK AND WOUNDED CAPTIVES

3-28. Medical personnel decide which captives must be medically evacuated or moved within MP channels, while MP or other command-directed nonmedical personnel provide prisoner security. Generally, walking wounded are moved through MP channels and litter patients are moved through medical channels. The US provides the same medical care for wounded and sick captives as it does for its own forces and allied soldiers. The degree of medical care, not status (such as EPW or CI), determines the disposition of wounded soldiers.

3-29. Seriously wounded or ill captives are stabilized and evacuated through medical channels to the rear area as quickly as possible. If the captive requires medical evacuation—

  • Report the captive's medical condition through medical channels to the next higher echelon.

  • Request disposition instructions from the corps medical regulating officer (MRO).

3-30. The MRO coordinates transportation and identifies the treatment facility where wounded and sick captives are taken. Accountability for captives within medical channels is the responsibility of the MRO and the hospital commander. They coordinate their efforts with the IRIC.

3-31. The MP determine if there is a security risk during medical evacuation of wounded and sick captives. Ordinarily, captives who require medical evacuation are less likely to be a security risk. However, captives well enough to be a security risk are treated and returned to MP control.

3-32. If medical personnel request MP to guard captives at a medical facility in the corps area and the corps commander chooses to delegate that responsibility to the MP, the PM allocates support on a case-by-case basis. The MP structure is not designed to provide MP to guard hospitalized captives on a continuous, uninterrupted basis.

ABLE-BODIED CAPTIVES

3-33. The MP guard able-bodied captives during movement to prevent escape, liberation, or injury. A general planning consideration when determining the number of MP necessary is one for every five to ten captives. An MP unit tasked to escort captives considers the following information when determining the number of guards needed:

  • The mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC).

  • The number of captives being moved.

  • The condition and morale of the captives. Fatigued and/or cooperative individuals require fewer guards then fresh, motivated individuals.

  • The type of transportation and its scheduled arrival.

  • The type of terrain along the evacuation route. Routes where dense vegetation is close to the road often require more guards then open, clear terrain.

  • The threat level along the route. As the threat level increases, so does the need to increase security. Consider the anticipated presence of suspected sympathizers and hostile, local nationals along the route.

  • The location of MP units or bases/base clusters along the route.

  • The location and number of rest stops. This is based on the transportation, the distance, and the terrain.

3-34. When moving forward to escort captives to the rear area, MP responsibilities begin at the CP or the CHA where custody is accepted. Verify the method of moving captives, the location and time of pickup, and the number of captives contained in orders from higher headquarters. The MP units cannot transport captives with organic assets.

3-35. The preferred method for moving captives through a battlefield is the backhaul system. This transportation system relies on assets that have delivered their primary cargo and are available to move personnel and materials to another location. The availability of vehicles will vary, depending on the cargo delivered to the area. The command and control (C 2 ) element of the MP unit tasked with evacuation arranges transportation through the local MCO.

3-36. If the backhaul system cannot be employed, the MP unit guarding the captives requests an alternate means of transportation. Captives are moved on foot only as a last resort and upon approval of the MP unit commander.

DIVISION COLLECTING POINTS

3-37. A division operates two types of CPs—forward and central. A division MP company operates forward CPs in each maneuver brigade AO and a central CP in the division rear area. Both CPs are temporary areas designed to hold captives until they are removed from the battlefield. Forward CPs are positioned as far forward as possible to accept captives from maneuver elements. Central CPs accept captives from forward CPs and local units.

FORWARD COLLECTING POINTS

3-38. Forward CPs (Figure 3-2) are needed when a brigade conducts an offensive operation and is likely to take captives. When a maneuver brigade has an MP platoon in direct support (DS), MP teams set up and operate forward CPs. A brigade without an MP platoon in DS sets up and operates its own forward CPs.

Figure 3-2. Forward CP

Figure 3-2. Forward CP

3-39. The number of MP teams needed to operate a forward CP is based on the number of captives expected and METT-TC. The projected number of captives is based on mission analysis and intelligence estimates conducted by the brigade Intelligence Officer (US Army) (S2). Division forward CPs are mobile; they can be set up, expanded, and relocated quickly as the tactical situation warrants.

Location

3-40. The brigade operation plan (OPLAN) or operation order (OPORD) provides the general location of forward CPs. They are located near or in the brigade support area (BSA), in an area that prevents captives from observing activities within the BSA. They are also located near main supply routes (MSRs) to make delivery, evacuation, and resupply easier.

Medical Support

3-41. Medical support is provided by the MP company medical section. Additional medical support can be requested through the forward support battalion (FSB) to the brigade medical officer. The brigade OPORD includes specific actions and support (operational requirements) needed from non-MP units.

Planning Considerations

3-42. When a division MP company commander is tasked with planning and operating a forward CP, he—

  • Coordinates with the unit responsible for the area.

  • Conducts a recon of the area before selecting a location.

  • Locates it far enough from the fighting to avoid minor shifts in the main battle area (MBA) (normally 5 to 10 kilometers).

  • Notifies the BSA tactical operations center (TOC) and the PM operations section of the selected location (grid coordinates). The BSA TOC reports the location to the brigade TOC, and the brigade TOC notifies subordinate units.

  • Coordinates with MI on collocating an MI interrogation team at the CP.

  • Provides potable water and, if required, food for captives.

3-43. A forward CP is seldom located near the indigenous population to prevent problems caused by the presence of captives in the area. A forward CP is usually a guarded, roped-off area (concertina or razor tape) or a secure, fixed facility. The capture rate and the captive categories determine the size of the forward CP. If possible, use existing structures (vacant schools, apartments, and warehouses) to conserve resources and provide protection for captives. When selecting a location, consider—

  • Security.

  • Medical support.

  • Food and potable water.

  • Field sanitation (latrine facilities).

  • Shelter.

  • Cover. (Captives can dig or build cover to protect themselves from direct and indirect fire.)

  • Access routes.

Accountability

3-44. Account for each captive and his equipment when they arrive at the forward CP.

Evacuation

3-45. Captives should not remain at a forward CP more than 12 hours before being escorted to the central CP. When they have been processed and are ready for evacuation, MP leaders—

  • Report the status to the BSA TOC and the PM (through MP channels).

  • Request transportation, rations, and water from the FSB Supply Officer (US Army) (S4).

  • Ensure that receipts are ready for signature.

  • Ensure that property is properly tagged and given to escort guards.

CENTRAL COLLECTING POINTS

3-46. A central CP (Figure 3-3) is larger than a forward CP, but it has a similar setup and operation. The larger holding capacity of a central CP requires additional MP. If sufficient MP are unavailable, it is augmented by a division, corps, or EAC band to assist with perimeter security. Captives are provided food, water, first aid, and medical attention as required.

Figure 3-3.  Central CP

Figure 3-3. Central CP

Location

3-47. As stated in the division OPLAN or OPORD, a central CP is located near the division support area (DSA) in an area that prevents captives from observing activities within the DSA. It is also located near MSRs to make delivery, evacuation, and resupply easier.

Medical Support

3-48. Prevent captives from incurring disease and nonbattle injuries (DNBI) (heat and cold injuries or communicable diseases) while in captivity. Isolate captives who exhibit obvious signs of disease (diarrhea, vomiting, or fever) until medical personnel make an evaluation. If a large number of captives appear ill, notify medical and command channels for immediate action/treatment.

3-49. The division PVNTMED section supports the central CP by—

  • Monitoring drinking water and advising on disinfection procedures.

  • Controlling animals and insects that carry disease.

  • Ensuring that captives help prevent illness by—

    • Drinking enough water.

    • Wearing clothing that is suited for the weather and the situation.

    • Handling heating fuels carefully.

    • Avoiding contact of exposed skin to cold metal.

    • Using insect repellent, netting, and insecticides.

    • Taking approved preventive medication.

    • Using purification tablets when water quality is uncertain.

    • Disposing of bodily wastes properly.

    • Practicing personal hygiene.

Planning Considerations

3-50. When a division MP company commander is tasked with establishing and operating a central CP, he—

  • Coordinates with the unit responsible for the area.

  • Conducts a recon of the area before selecting a location.

  • Notifies the PM of the exact location (grid coordinates). The PM notifies the division rear CP operations cell, who notifies area units.

  • Coordinates with MI on collocating an MI interrogation team at the CP.

  • Ensures that the location is accessible to units escorting captives from forward CPs.

3-51. Like a forward CP, a central CP is seldom located near the indigenous population. Use existing structures, when available, to conserve resources. If structures are unavailable, construct the central CP from similar material as forward CPs. However, a central CP is larger and must contain some type of tentage or shelter to protect captives from the elements. A bunker in each compound or free access to a bunker is needed to protect captives from direct and indirect fire. Enlisted captives can be tasked to help construct a central CP (especially bunkers); however, officer captives cannot be used.

3-52. A central CP is as mobile as a forward CP. It must also be set up, expanded, and relocated quickly as the tactical situation dictates. Units within the DSA provide support as stated in the division OPORD. The MP company medical section provides medical support to personnel in the central CP, and additional medical support can be requested from the command surgeon.

Accountability

3-53. Account for each captive and his equipment when they arrive at the central CP. Use the STRESS method to process captives who are brought directly to the central CP by a capturing unit (see paragraph 3-8).

Evacuation of Captives

3-54. Captives should not remain at the central CP more than 24 hours before being evacuated to the CHA. When all captives are accounted for, processed, and ready for evacuation to the CHA, MP leaders—

  • Report the status to the division rear CP and to the PM (through MP channels).

  • Request transportation, rations, and water through logistics channels in the division rear.

  • Ensure that receipts are ready for signature.

  • Ensure that property is tagged with Part C of DD Form 2745 and given to the escort guards.

CORPS HOLDING AREAS

3-55. A CHA (Figure 3-4) can hold more captives for longer periods of times than a central CP. Depending on the availability of MP units to establish I/R facilities, corps MP units must be prepared to hold captives at the CHA more than 72 hours. If the CHA keeps captives more than 72 hours, MP must plan and coordinate for the increased logistics and personnel required to operate a long-term facility. The decision to hold captives longer is based on METT-TC and the availability of forces. Captives remain in the CHA until they are evacuated to an I/R facility or until hostilities end.

Figure 3-4. Corps Holding Area

Figure 3-4. Corps Holding Area

3-56. A CHA receives captives from CPs and units that capture them in the rear area. Usually, one CHA is established to support each division conducting operations. However, additional CHAs may be required based on the—

  • Size of the corps area.

  • Type of terrain.

  • Length of the LOC between the CHA and the division central CPs.

  • Number of captives being moved.

LOCATION

3-57. A CHA is usually located near a base or a base cluster in the corps rear area. When selecting a site—

  • Coordinate with the unit responsible for the area (terrain) and the corps rear CP.

  • Conduct a recon to select a location.

    • Is it adjacent to an MSR, a railroad, or an airfield?

    • Are existing buildings available?

    • Is it close to supply facilities?

    • Is it easily protected from enemy activities?

  • Ensure that the location allows division of the site into two or more compounds for segregation, security, and ease of control.

  • Report the exact location (grid coordinates) through MP channels to the unit responsible for the area. The MI coordinates with MP on collocating an MI interrogation team at the CP. However, MP may have to contact MI to initiate the action.

  • Ensure that the site is accessible to units escorting captives from division central CPs.

CONSTRUCTION

3-58. A CHA is more permanent than CPs. Existing structures may be used and are preferred. The capture rate and the captive categories determine the size of the CHA. A multistory building has a smaller perimeter to guard; however, it requires using guards on each floor and may present a security risk for the guards. Depending on the tactical situation, perimeter lighting can be used.

3-59. When constructing a CHA, divide it into two or more compounds for segregation, security, and ease of control. Consider providing more than one entrance into the CHA. Include a reception area for further processing, searching, and examining of selected captives by MI. Include sanitary facilities (showers and latrines) and shelter (tentage and existing buildings) from the elements and direct and indirect fire.

GUARD FORCE

3-60. The exact CHA setup and design depend on many factors, including construction materials, terrain, and forces. An MP platoon or company from a corps MP battalion usually operates a CHA. A platoon can guard 500 captives, while a company can guard 2,000. During mass captures, a guard force augmentation may be required to handle unexpected workload. The corps band can augment MP guards to aid in security. As the population of the CHA increases, evacuations to the I/R facility also increase.

LOGISTICS

3-61. Request supplies through logistic channels for construction, maintenance, and day-to-day operations of a CHA. Support agreements can be arranged between MP headquarters and a base or base cluster where the CHA is located. Plan ahead to provide food and water.

MEDICAL AND SANITATION CONSIDERATIONS

3-62. The CHA guards isolate wounded captives and captives suspected of having a communicable disease until medical personnel can examine them (see Chapter 2). Take necessary sanitary measures to ensure a clean, healthy CHA and to prevent epidemics. Request PVNTMED units to assist and advise unit field sanitation teams on—

  • The survey and control of disease-carrying insects and rodents.

  • Sanitary engineering (water treatment and waste disposal).

EVACUATION

3-63. The procedures used to escort captives from division forward and central CPs to a CHA are also used to escort captives from a CHA to an I/R facility.

COLLOCATED SCREENING SITES

3-64. To facilitate collecting enemy tactical information, MI may collocate interrogation teams at CPs and CHAs. This provides MI with direct access to captives and their equipment and documents. Coordination is made between MP and MI to establish operating procedures that include accountability. An interrogation area is established away from the receiving/processing line so that MI personnel can interrogate captives and examine their equipment and documents. If a captive or his equipment or documents are removed from the receiving/processing line, account for them on DD Form 2708 and DA Form 4137.

INTERROGATION TEAMS

3-65. The MI interrogation teams screen captives at CPs and CHAs, looking for anyone who is a potential source of information. Screeners observe captives from an area close to the dismount point or processing area. As each captive passes, MI personnel examine the capture tag and look for branch insignias that indicate a captive with information to support command priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and information requirements (IR). They also look for captives who are willing or attempting to talk to guards; joining the wrong group intentionally; or displaying signs of nervousness, anxiety, or fear.

3-66. The MP assist MI screeners by identifying captives who may have answers that support PIR and IR. Because MP are in constant contact with captives, they see how certain captives respond to orders and see the type of requests they make. The MP ensure that searches requested by MI are conducted out of sight of other captives and that guards conduct same-gender searches.

3-67. The MI screeners examine captured documents, equipment and, in some cases, personal papers (journals, diaries, and letters from home). They are looking for information that identifies a captive and his organization, mission, and personal background (family, knowledge, and experience). Knowledge of a captive's physical and emotional status or other information helps screeners determine his willingness to cooperate.

LOCATION

3-68. Consider the following when planning an MI screening site:

  • The site is located where screeners can observe captives as they are segregated and processed. It is shielded from the direct view of captives and is far enough away that captives cannot overhear screeners' conversations.

  • The site has an operation, administrative, and interrogation area. The interrogation area accommodates an interrogator, a captive, a guard, and an interpreter as well as furniture. Lights are available for night operations.

  • Procedures are implemented to verify that sick and wounded captives have been treated and released by authorized medical personnel.

  • Guards are available and procedures are implemented for escorting captives to the interrogation site.

  • Procedures are published to inform screeners who will be moved and when they will be moved.

  • Accountability procedures are implemented and required forms are available.

COLLECTING POINTS IN OTHER OPERATIONS

3-69. The CPs can also be operated during river crossing, amphibious, airborne, armored, and air assault operations:

  • River crossing operations. Establish temporary CPs on entry and exit sides of the river (corps MP often take control of CPs). Return from the exit bank and evacuate captives to the rear, preventing interference with tactical operations and protecting captives from hostile fire. Coordinate with traffic control personnel at the crossing site to prevent interference with assault forces who are moving forward. Use a secondary crossing site if available.

  • Amphibious operations. The assault force initially operates CPs in the beachhead and then escorts captives to designated ships. The MP coordinate with the support force for handling captives after they are escorted from the beachhead. When facilities, supplies, and personnel permit, retain captives in the objective area if they can be protected from enemy fire.

  • Airborne operations. The METT-TC considerations for collecting captives include the geographical location of the airhead, the tactical plan, the availability of transportation, and plans for linking up with ground forces. Captives are primarily moved by air during the early stages of the operation, which requires CPs to be established near landing zones (LZs). Consider attaching additional MP elements from area EAC to guard captives during evacuation.

  • Armored operations. Armored units can penetrate deep into hostile territory, bypassing pockets of enemy resistance on their way to the objective. This leaves isolated enemy units on the battlefield, which may hinder the normal evacuation of captives to the rear area. Hold captives at the CP until they can be safely evacuated from the battlefield.

  • Air assault operations. Organic MP elements accompany assault elements to the objective. Establish CPs near LZs and airfields where the evacuation process begins. If necessary, attach nondivisional MP elements to guard captives during evacuation.



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