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FM 3-09.70

Field Manual
No. 3-09.70
Headquarters
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 1 August 2000

FM 3-09.70

Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for M109A6 Howitzer (Paladin) Operations

Table of Contents


 

PREFACE

Chapter 1

MISSION, ORGANIZATION, AND SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

Mission
Organization
Force XXI Organization
System Description

Chapter 2

DUTIES OF KEY PERSONNEL

Battery Commander
First Sergeant
Firing Platoon Leader
Platoon Fire Direction Officer
Fire Direction Chief
Fire Direction Computer
Fire Direction Specialist
Platoon Sergeant
Gunnery Sergeant
Paladin Chief of Section
Gunner
Number 1 Cannoneer
Howitzer Driver
Ammunition Team Chief
Ammunition Vehicle Driver
Number 2 Cannoneer
Number 3 Cannoneer
Number 4 Cannoneer

Chapter 3

OPERATIONS

Section I — Battalion Operations

Battle Command
Displacement
Positioning
Terrain Management and Coordination
Survey Operations

Section II — Battery Operations

Battle Command
Employment of Howitzers
Reconnaissance, Selection, and Occupation of Position (RSOP)
Artillery Troop Leading Procedures

Section III — Platoon Operations

Battle Command
RSOP
Terrain Management and Coordination

Section IV — Section Operations

Battle Command
RSOP

Section V — Occupation

Procedures

Section VI — Combat Service Support

Combat Trains
Field Trains
Battalion Resupply
Battery Resupply
Platoon Resupply
Unit Maintenance
Casualty Evacuation

Chapter 4

DELIVERY OF FIRES

POC Responsibilities
Fire Direction
Mission Processing
Artillery Technical Rehearsals
POC Occupation Procedures
POC Post-Occupation Improvement

Chapter 5

COMMUNICATIONS

Battalion Communications
Battery Communications
Planning Considerations
Communications Parameters
Battery Wire System

Chapter 6

UNIT DEFENSE

Responsibilities of Key Personnel
Conduct of the Defense
Defensive Methods

Appendix A

DEGRADED OPERATIONS

Degraded Platoon Operations Center
Degraded Subsystem Battle Drills
Reciprocal Laying Procedures

Appendix B

AUTOMATED COMMAND AND CONTROL

Commander's Criteria
Automatic Fire Control System
Initialization
Howitzer Subscriber Table (HOW;SBT)
Howitzer Movement (HOW;MOVE)
Howitzer Update (HOW;UPDATE)
Howitzer Ammunition (HOW;AMOUP)
Ammunition and Fire Unit Update Message (AFU;UPDATE)
Fire Unit Ammunition Update Message (AFU;AMMO)
Request for Data Message (HOW;REQUEST)
Sensor-to-Shooter Operations (Linked)
Fire Direction Procedures
Be Advised That (BAT) Messages
Unable to Execute (UTE) Messages

Appendix C

SAMPLE SAFETY QUALIFICATION CHECKLISTS

Qualification Tasks

Appendix D

EXAMPLE PLATOON OPERATIONS CENTER CONFIGURATION

Introduction
Inside View, M577/M1068
Other Improvements, M577/M1068
Inside View, Tent Extension

Appendix E

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS

Section I — Army Environmental Awareness

General Policy Statements

Section II — Paladin Specific Environmental Considerations

Field Activities
Munitions
Hazardous Material and Hazardous Waste
Maintenance
Supply

Section III — Regulatory Requirements

Laws and Regulations
Regulatory Training Requirements
Environmental Compliance Officer Responsibilities

Section IV — Environmental Risk Management

Environmental Risk Management

Appendix F

MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES

Platoon Movement
Paired Movement
Movement Methods
Movement to Contact
Movement TTP

Appendix G

PALADIN FIRING SAFETY

General
Boxed Safety
Unboxed Safety
Combat Safety
Illumination Safety

Appendix H

SAMPLE GUNNER'S QUALIFICATION TEST

Use of Test
Standards of Precision
Assistance
Task Scoring
Qualification Scores
Equipment, Personnel, and Site Requirements
Tasks

Appendix I

PALADIN HOWITZER SECTION EVALUATION

Section Evaluation Score Sheet
Phase I: Sample Written Test
Phase II: Preparation for Firing Operations
Phase III: Occupation
Phase IV: Degraded Operations
Phase V: NBC Operations
Phase VI: Night Operations

Appendix J

AFCS/BCS SPHEROID AND DATUM TABLES

Appendix K

M93 CHRONOGRAPH MUZZLE VELOCITY SYSTEM

General Description
Environmental Information
Installation
Operational Sequence
Troubleshooting
Step by Step Procedures for Calibration
Platoon Leadership Actions
POC Responsibilities

Appendix L

SAMPLE PRECOMBAT CHECKS

Survivability PCCs
PCCs to Support Essential Field Artillery Tasks
Personnel and Equipment PCCs
 

GLOSSARY

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

AUTHENTICATION

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.



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