Military

*FM 1-100

FIELD MANUAL
NO. 1-100
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 21 February 1997

FM 1-100

ARMY AVIATION OPERATIONS

Table of Contents


PREFACE

FUTURE DOCTRINE

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION TO ARMY AVIATION

1-1. Purpose

1-2. Strategic Realities

1-3. Army's Response

1-4. A Vision

1-5. Aviation Operational Principles

1-6. Battlefield Operating System

Maneuver

Intelligence

Fire Support

Air Defense

Mobility, Countermobility, and Survivability

Logistics

Battle Command

1-7. Training and Readiness Challenges

1-8. Force Projection

1-9. Joint Operations

1-10. Multinational Operations

CHAPTER 2 - FUNDAMENTALS OF ARMY AVIATION OPERATIONS

Section I - SHAPING THE BATTLESPACE

2-1. Army Aviation's Unique Capabilities

2-2. Tenets of Army Aviation Doctrine

Initiative

Agility

Depth

Synchronization

Versatility

Section II - ARMY AVIATION MISSIONS

2-3. Aviation Combat Missions

Reconnaissance

Security

Attack

Air Assault

Theater Missile Defense

Special Operations

Support by Fire

2-4. Aviation Combat Support Missions

Command, Control, and Communications

Air Movement

Electronic Warfare

Combat Search and Rescue

Air Traffic Services

Aerial Mine Warfare

2-5. Aviation Combat Service Support Missions

Aerial Sustainment

Casualty Evacuation

Section III - AVIATION OPERATIONS

2-6. Offensive Operations

Movement to Contact

Attack

Exploitation

Pursuit

Search and Attack

2-7. Defensive Operations

Mobile Defense

Area Defense

2-8. Retrograde Operations

2-9. Planning

Deep Operations

Close Operations

Rear Operations

2-10. Air Combat Operations

Air Combat in Deep Operations

Air Combat in Short Range Air Defense Operations (Close/Rear Battles)

Other Issues in Combat Operations

2-11. Aviation Liaision

2-12. Stability and Support Operations (SASO)

Aviation Forces in SASO

SASO and Aviation Task Organization

SASO Overview

Security and Limited Conflict

Show of Force

Noncombatant Evacuation Operations

Counterdrug Operations

Support for Insurgencies and Counterinsurgencies

Combatting Terrorism

Peace Enforcement

Attacks and Raids

Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance

Peacekeeping Operations

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

Nation Assistance

Security Assistance

Military Support to Civilian Authorities (MSCA)

CHAPTER 3 - ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON OPERATIONS

3-1. Effects of Weather

3-2. Geographical Environments

Mountains

Jungles

Deserts

Arctic Areas

Urbanized Terrain

3-3. NBC Environment

3-4. Electronic Warfare Environment

CHAPTER 4 - SUSTAINMENT OF AVIATION OPERATIONS

4-1. Force Protection

4-2. Risk Management

4-3. Logistics Planning

4-4. Maintenance Support

4-5. Personnel Support

4-6. Arming and Refueling

4-7. Ground Vehicle Operations

4-8. Aviation Reconstitution

APPENDIX A - ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES

APPENDIX B - AVIATION COMMAND AND CONTROL

APPENDIX C - US ARMY AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES

APPENDIX D - DIGITIZATION

APPENDIX E - ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS AND COMPLIANCE

APPENDIX F - RISK MANAGEMENT

APPENDIX G - HISTORY OF ARMY AVIATION

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 1-100, 28 February 1989.



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