Makiminato Service Area / Supply Site
Marine Corps logistics operations on Okinawa are based at Camp Kinser (sometimes erroneously spelled Camp Kinzer and also known as the Makiminato Service Area or Supply Site), located in Urasoe City on Okinawa, Japan. As of the early 2000s, Camp Kinser had about a million square feet of warehouse space for Marine forces' use in the Pacific. For example, warehouses held war reserve supplies on Okinawa that would support US operations, including 14,400 tons of ammunition, 5,000 pieces of unit and individual equipment, and 50 million gallons of fuel. The area designated as the Makiminato Service Area ran 3 kilometers north to south from National Highway 58 to the western coastline and 1 kilometers east to west. The former Makiminato housing area in what had been a US Army Support Activity had been returned to Okinawa in the 1980s. US buildings were razed and the land returned, but disagreement among Okinawan owners has forestalled development for more than a decade.
National Highway 58, as well as the new Naha Port and the wholesale commerce area, which were located along the western coastline, encircle the service area. This area was not only an important region for the development of Urasoe city, but for all of Okinawa. There were plans to build an arterial roadway for south central Okinawa there.
The United States and Japan released the Final Report of the Special Action Committee on Okinawa on 2 December 1996. The report made 27 recommendations to reduce the impact of the US military presence on the Okinawan people. This included the return of land adjacent to Route 58, approximately 3 hectares (8 acres) in order to widen the Route. This would only occur after the facilities affected by the return were relocated within the remaining Makiminato Service Area.
In June 2000, JCP Okinawa Prefectural Committee Chair Seiken Akamine called on the prefectural government to request the Japanese and US governments to find out the cause and responsibility, check up health and environmental damage, disclose information of military-related waste in the US Camp Kinser, and immediately remove depleted uranium (DU) bullets from the US Kadena arsenal depot.
On 5 April 2013, the US Department of Defense released a Consolidation Plan for Facilities and Areas in Okinawa. The realignment described in the plan, including consolidation, of US forces within Okinawa was a significant effort by the US and Japanese Governments, which recognized the importance of enhancing Japanese and US public support for the security alliance, which contributed to a sustainable presence of US forces at facilities and areas in Japan as stated in "U.S.-Japan Alliance: Transformation and Realignment for the Future," a document of the Security Consultative Committee (SCC), dated 29 October 2005. When implemented, the realignment would ensure a life-of-the-Alliance presence for US forces in Japan as stated in "United States-Japan Roadmap for Realignment Implementation," also known as the Realignment Roadmap, another SCC document, dated 1 May 2006. The realignment would also maintain deterrence and mitigate the impact of US forces on local communities. In order to realize the realignment, the US and Japanese Governments developed and would implement the consolidation plan.
In a SCC Joint Statement on 27 April 2012, the US and Japanese Governments confirmed that the total or partial return of the 6 facilities and areas designated in the Realignment Roadmap remained unchanged and that the land of aforementioned facilities and areas utilized by US forces were eligible for return under the Consolidation Plan in 3 categories: 1) Areas eligible for immediate return upon completion of necessary procedures; 2) Areas eligible for return once the replacement facilities in Okinawa were provided; and, 3) Areas eligible for return as US Marine Corps forces relocate from Okinawa to locations outside of Japan. Areas of Camp Kinser were included in all 3 categories.
Areas eligible for immediate return upon completion of necessary procedures at Camp Kinser were the north access road and area near Gate 5. The north access road covered an area of approximately 1 hectare and was aid to be able to be returned upon completion of necessary procedures in JFY2013 or later. The designated area near Gate 5 covered approximately 2 hectares and was said to be able to be be returned upon completion of necessary procedures for return in JFY2014 or later.
Areas eligible for return once the replacement facilities in Okinawa were various additional elements of Camp Kinser, including the preponderance of the storage area. The designated area for return for these elements covered approximately 129 hectares. To prepare for the land return the US Army warehouse would have be relocated to Torii Communication Station; Department of Defense support agency facilities would have to be relocated to the Chibana Area of the Kadena Ammunition Storage Area; the Marine Corps warehouses, shops, etc. would have to be relocated to Camp Hansen; and the Marine Corps postal center would have to be relocated to Camp Foster (Camp Zukeran). It was said that these elements could be returned upon completion of conditions and necessary procedures for return in JFY2025 or later.
Areas eligible for return as US Marine Corps forces relocated from Okinawa to locations outside of Japan consisted of the remainder of Camp Kinser. This remaining area covered approximately 142 hectares. To prepare for this land return, Marine Corps administrative buildings would have to be relocated to Camp Foster (Zukeran), the American Forces Network (AFN) transmission facility would have to be relocated to Camp Courtney, and functions supporting units relocating to locations outside of Japan would be deactivated. It was said that these remaining elements could be returned upon completion of conditions and necessary procedures for return and after US Marine Corps forces were relocated to locations outside of Japan in JFY2024 or later.
The north access road of Camp Kinser was successfully returned to Japan in August 2013.
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