937th Engineer Group (Combat)
The 937th Engineer Group formally inactivated at a ceremony at Fort Riley, Kansas on 30 June 2005. The inactivation supported the balancing of US Army forces to meet future operational requirements.
The mission of the 937th Engineer Group (Combat) was to, on order, deploy, establish command and control of assigned forces, and conduct mobility, survivability and sustainment engineering operations in support of worldwide contingency operations, while protecting and sustaining the force. It would, on order, also redeploys. Mission essential tasks included: Deploying/redeploying, commanding and controling all assigned forces, conduct mobility engineering operations, conducting survivability engineering operations, conducting sustainment engineering eperations, sustaining the force, and protecting the force.
The 937th Engineer Group was initially activated in September 1942, as the 937th Engineer Aviation Camouflage Battalion, US Army Air Corps. The original mission was to supervise and conduct camouflage operations. In World War II, the Battalion deployed to Europe, earning streamers for Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, and Ardennes-Alsace Campaigns. The Battalion was inactivated in November 1945.
The Battalion was then reactivated in February 1947 and was assigned to the Strategic Air Command and subsequently to the 14th Air Force of the Continental Air Command. The Battalion was once again inactivated on 20 June 1953. On 1 February 1955, the unit was redesignated the 937th Engineer Group and activated in March 1955 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.
The Group later deployed to Qui Nhon, Vietnam. The Group had command of 11 separate companies, 5 battalions, and one detachment. By November 1966 the Group had conducted both support and combat missions that extended to the limits of Vietnam's Central Highlands. By 1971, the 937th Engineer Group had completed 71 major construction missions, numerous civil action projects, the Vietnamization Program, and had received credit for participation in 14 campaigns. The 937th Engineer Group was inactivated in September 1971 in Pleiku, Vietnam after earning two Meritorious Unit Commendations and the Vietnamese Civil Action Honor Medal.
On 21 June 1975, the unit was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 937th Engineer Group (Combat) and was reactivated on 1 July 1975 at Fort Riley, Kansas. In 1989, the Group deployed to Honduras, Central America and commanded the largest engineer task force since Vietnam. On 26 October 1990, the Group deployed to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield. The 937th Engineer Group then provided engineer support for the 6th Light French Armor Division in the Liberation and Defense of Kuwait during Operation Desert Storm.
On 1 September 1992, in the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew, the Group deployed to Florida and assisted in relief efforts by providing engineer planning support. In October 1995, during Operation Peace Keeper 95, the 937th Engineer Group hosted the 433rd Motorized Rifle Regiment of the 27th Guards Motorized Rifle Division, in the first Russian-American joint peacekeeping exercise on United States soil.
The 937th Engineer Group was reorganized when the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized) flag was moved to Germany in March 1996, leaving the 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized), the 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division, and the 937th Engineer Group at Fort Riley, Kansas. The 937th assumed command and control of several III Corps and echelon above corps combat support and combat service support units that supported the 2 brigade combat teams and Fort Riley. To that end, the 937th Engineer Group consisted of the 541st Maintenance Battalion, the 1st Personnel Services Battalion, the 1st Finance Battalion, the 924th Military Police Battalion, the 82nd Medical Company (Air Ambulance), as well as its Headquarters and Headquarters Company.
The 2 engineer companies under the 541st Maintenance Battalion, the 55th and 568th Engineer Companies, subsequently deployed in support of major contingency operations. The 568th Engineer Company (Combat Support Equipment) deployed to Haiti from January to April 1996 to support United Nations efforts to restore democracy to that nation. The 55th Engineer Company (Medium Girder Bridge) deployed to Bosnia from January to July 1996 in support of Operation Joint Endeavor.
Following the events of 11 September 2001, the 937th Engineer Group became involved in the Global War on Terror. The Group deployed to Kuwait in 2003 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. In September 2002, the 1st Finance Battalion and the 1st Personnel Services Battalion were inactivated at Fort Riley, Kansas. The 82nd Medical Company (Air Ambulance), which had previously been attached to the 1st Personnel Services Battalion, was attached directly to the 937th Engineer Group. By 2005, the 924th Military Police Battalion had been assigned to Fort Riley's Garrison Command, though it remained under the command and control of the 937th Engineer Group while in garrison.
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