1st Battalion - 181st Infantry Regiment
The 181st Infantry (Light) is one of the five oldest units in the U.S. military, tracing its lineage back to 1632.
It was formed in 1636 as part of the Massachusetts Militia. The unit fought during the King Phillips War, repulsing various raids by Native Americans. In 1775, Paul Revere led the regiment against British forces on Lexington Green and in Concord.
During the Civil War, the unit was the first to defend the nation's capital and later campaigned in Virginia.
The unit arrived in Cuba in 1898 to fight in the Spanish-American War.
The 181st became a National Guard unit in 1907.
The unit participated in World War I and II, specifically in the Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, Alsace 1918 and Ile de France 1918 campaigns in World War I and in Northern France, the Rhineland, the Ardennes Forest and throughout Central Europe in World War II as part of the 26th Yankee Division.
The unit became the 181st in 1921 and was assigned to the 26th Inf. Div. in 1923, remaining in that division until 1991, when it deactivated.
In 1996, the unit became part of the 29th Inf. Division.
The 1st Battalion, 181st Infantry Regiment, deployed as part of SFOR 10 to Bosnia-Herzegovina, as part of the command Task Force Eagle as part of the ongoing rotation of active Army and Guard divisions in support of Operation Joint Forge.
An element from Company A, 181st Infantry (Light), based in Worcester, was mobilized for Homeland Defense and comprised Natick Lab's Installation Defense Force.
On September 19, 2003 the 2/116th transferred authority and the mission of supporting Joint Task Force Guantanamo to the 1/181st Infantry Battalion of the Massachusetts Army National Guard.
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