Tirade satellite jammer
Russian military in the near future can get into service systems that can disable enemy communication satellites, an informed Interfax interlocutor in the military-industrial complex said 05 January 2018. “One of the projects is Tirada 2. Development work was started back in 2001,” he said. According to him, this complex will be able to disable communication satellites from the ground. “He acts by electronic suppression. This is a multi-million dollar project,” he said. The fact that the Russian Federation is working on the creation of weapons to suppress satellites was announced on November 30 last year by Oleg Achasov, deputy head of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “46 Central Scientific Research Institute”.
In Russia, tests of the Tirada-2C mobile electronic warfare system designed to disable foreign communication satellites have been tested. This was reported 27 October 2018 by Interfax with reference to a source in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. "The Tirada-2S complex has already been tested, the state commission made recommendations," a source said. "The Tirada-2S complex has already passed tests, the state commission made recommendations," he said, without specifying details. According to him, the complex will be managed with the help of specialist operators.
In November 2017, Oleg Achasov, deputy head of the 46th Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense, mentioned the development of the complex at a meeting in the Federation Council. He said that the development of the installation was included in the state arms program until 2027. The development of the complex began in 2001, the source of Interfax noted. Many sources disseminated information about successful tests of the latest Russian system of radio-electronic suppression of artificial Earth satellites - with the complete failure of the radio-electronic equipment of a spacecraft from a mobile ground complex.
In January 2018, the Interfax interlocutor reported that in the near future, the Russian military could get into service systems that could disable enemy communication satellites. According to him, one of the projects is Tirada-2, development work was started back in 2001. The interlocutor of the agency noted then that this complex will be able to disable communication satellites from the ground. The complex operates by electronic suppression, he said.
In August 2018, the Army 2018 forum publicly signed a contract to supply the Russian Defense Ministry with the latest heavy-duty electronic warfare system to suppress Tirade-2.3 satellite communications. The contractor is Vladimir Electropribor Plant, deliveries should begin this year. The same device or not - the agency does not specify. According to the military, deliveries of new-generation jamming stations will begin this year.
In the early 2000s, Russia resumed active work on the creation of complexes capable of disrupting the work of Western communications satellites. The armament program until 2027 includes the development of the Rudolph anti-satellite strike complex. In 2004, Russia launched the Cosmos-2499 satellite, which, according to CNN, has the unofficial name of Kamikaze and can shoot down other satellites, changing their orbit.
In November 2018, the FSB called the “threat to national security” a project to cover the globe with high-speed satellite Internet.
The latest highly mobile operational-tactical level electronic warfare complex “Palantin” is designed to suppress the existing and future enemy radio communication systems, as well as to conduct electronic reconnaissance. According to the Central Military District [CVO], the capabilities of the equipment make it possible to blind the enemy in the short-wave, ultra-short-wave ranges, as well as to deprive him of cellular and trunking communications. In addition, the complex is endowed with a system-forming function, that is, it is able to combine various electronic warfare and radio-electronic equipment complexes into a single working network, which significantly increases the efficiency of their application, the department said.
In March 2019 observers OSCE noticed in the Donbass latest Russian complex electronic warfare (EW) "tirade-2." The armament appears for the first time in the report of a special monitoring mission published on the organization’s website. "Tirada-2" was seen from a drone 60 kilometers west of Lugansk. In addition, next to it was an automated jamming station R-330Zh Zhabitel, installed on KamAZ . The presence of this system in the Donbas indicated that the latest Russian EW system was being tested in combat against the Ukrainian army. Also, it was possible Russia might use it to shut down the communication channel between a satellite and the American RQ-4B Global Hawk strategic drone which periodically conducts monitoring along the contact line.
On April 3, 2019, the Permanent Mission of Ukraine to OSCE & UN in Vienna published a photo of an R-330Zh Zhitel automatic jamming station and a Tirada-2 electronic warfare system that was taken on March 16, 2019, by the OSCE SMM drone near the village of Yuzhna Lomuvatka in the Donbas.
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