II. THE SOYUZ PROGRAM
Soviet Manned Space Programs: 1957-80
MANNED MISSIONS TO SALYUT 6: 1977-80
SOYUZ 30: FIRST POLISH COSMONAUT
The first crew to visit Salyut 6 while the Soyuz 29 crew was aboard included the first Polish cosmonaut. Soyuz 30 (Kavkaz) was launched at 1527 GMT on June 27, 1978. At 1708 GMT on June 28, the two-man crew, Col. Petr Klimuk and Maj. Miroslaw Hermaszewski, docked with the Salyut 6/Soyuz 29 complex.
During the mission, Hermaszewski announced that he had brought a capsule containing soil from the Belorussian village of Lenino and from Warsaw, "earth made sacred by the blood of Soviet and Polish soldiers," and a medal dedicated to the first Soviet/Polish spaceflight. He commented that "were it not for this earth and our friendship, there would be no space event today and today's festivities on Polish soil." (150)
After 7 days of joint experiments, the Soyuz 30 crew undocked and landed at 1527 GMT on July 5, 300 km west of Tselinograd. The crew brought back film, correspondence, trays containing biological materials, and capsules from the Splav furnace.
A. SOVIET SPACE PROGRAMS: 1976-80, (WITH SUPPLEMENTARY DATA THROUGH 1983) MANNED SPACE PROGRAMS AND SPACE LIFE SCIENCES PREPARED AT THE REQUEST OF HON. BOB PACKWOOD, Chairman, COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION UNITED STATES SENATE, Part 2, OCTOBER 1984, Printed for the use of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D. C., 1984
150. Tass, 2229 GMT, 30 Jun 78.