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An early Applied Mechanics NPO plan to replace Gorizont and Ekran spacecraft revolved around the Gelikon project. Although the Gelikon schedule has slipped (as have all new Russian GEO communications spacecraft), the Gelikon program still officially enjoys government approval, although no government funding. Gelikon satellites will be deployed at five GEO positions (one for each of the major broadcast time zones): 23 degrees E, 44 degrees E, 74 degrees E, 110 degrees E, and 140 degrees E. Although the launch mass of Gelikon will be the same as Gals and Express (2.5 metric tons), Gelikon will carry augmented solar arrays (span of 26.9 m) which will provide up to 5.2 kW for the expected ten-year lifetime. Instead of the three transponders on Gals, the Gelikon payload will include 12 Ku-band units which will also work with the variety of receiving stations identified above for Gals. The Gelikon spacecraft bus differs in appearance from that of Gals and Express with overall dimensions of 6.2 m by 6.8 m. The first launch of Gelikon was set for 1995, but further delays are anticipated (References 331-332).

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