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Space


Orbital satellite grouping in Russia- March 2016

Orbital satellite grouping of Russia as of March 2016 consisted of 121 operating spacecraft (active, in reserve, undergoing flight tests and partially operating):

Spacecraft in the International Space Station (ISS)

  • service module "Star" ;
  • docking compartment "Pirs" ;
  • small research module "Search" ;
  • small research module "Breaking Dawn" ;
  • Progress-MS transport vehicle No. 5
  • manned spacecraft Soyuz-MS No. 4

    Satellites of Earth remote sensing


    Resource-P:
  • 3 Resource-P series of Resource-P # 1 , Resource-P # 2 and Resource-P # 3

    Monitoring of technogenic and natural emergencies "Canopus-V" :
  • 3 KA "Kanopus-V ?1, ?3, ?4 (number 1 is used in conjunction with identical Belarusian spacecraft (BKA) Belarusian space complex)
  • 1 CAN "Canopus-V-IC" supplemented with IR-equipment for detecting fires

    Hydrometeorological and oceanographic support "Meteor-3M". In its entirety should include 4 meteorological satellites, 1 oceanographic spacecraft:
  • 1 meteorological satellite of the Meteor-M series ( Meteor-M No. 2 ).

    Geostationary hydrometeorological space complex "Electro-L". The full complement should include 3 SC:
  • 1 spacecraft of the Electro-L series (No. 2)

    Communication satellites


    FSUE "Space Communication"
  • 12 KA "Express" (including 1 SC Series "Express-A" ( "Express A4"), 9 KA Series "Ekspress-AM" ( " Express-AM22, Express-AM3, Express-AM33 , Express-AM44 , Express-AM5, Express-AM6 , Express-AM7 , Express-AM8, " Express AMU 1",) and 2 spacecraft of the Express-AT series ("Express-AT1 and Express-AT2"));
  • 1 spacecraft Eutelsat 36A.

    OAO Gazprom Space Systems
  • 4 spacecraft of the Yamal series (Yamal-202, Yamal-300K, Yamal-402, Yamal-401).

    Gonets Satellite System Multifunctional system of personal satellite communication and data transmission from spacecraft in low orbits (GSS) "Gonets" (full complement of 12 satellites, supported in redundant composition ):
  • 13 "Gonets" spacecraft [27] (including 1 Gonets-D1 series and 12 Gonets-M satellites)

    Multifunctional space retransmission system (MKRR) "Luch" (in its entirety should include 3 satellites, deployed in full ):
  • 3 spacecraft of the Luch-5 series (Luch-5A, Luch-5B, Luch-5V).

    Amateur radio satellites
  • 1 spacecraft "Radio-ROSTO".

    Scientific satellites

  • 1 spacecraft "Spectrum-R";
  • 1 spacecraft "MiR".
  • 2 spacecraft of the AIST series ( No. 1 , No. 2 );

    Educational and educational satellites

  • 1 spacecraft of the Mozhaets series .
  • University - Tatiana (spacecraft)
  • Mihailo Lomonosov (satellite)

    Space vehicles for defense and dual use

    Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS)

    The total grouping is 24 SC, it is supported in excess composition:
  • 23 spacecraft of the "Glonass-M" series;
  • 2 spacecraft of the "Glonass-K" series ("Cosmos-2471", "Kosmos-2502").

    Satellite navigation and communication system "Cyclone-B" - Full grouping - 6 spacecraft; At present, it is gradually degrading due to the completion of the production program and the natural loss of satellites:
  • from 4 to 10 spacecraft of the series "Parus" (Cosmos-2361, Kosmos-2366, Kosmos-2378, Kosmos-2389, Kosmos-2398, Kosmos-2407, Kosmos-2414 "," Cosmos-2429 "," Cosmos-2454 "," Cosmos-2463 "), 4 of which (Cosmos-2407, Cosmos-2414, Cosmos-2454, Cosmos-2463 ") Are used in the subsystem of radio-tomographic monitoring of the ionosphere of the geophysical monitoring system.

    Unified system of satellite communication of the new generation. The composition of the complete grouping is unknown, probably 4 or 8 spacecraft in a highly elliptical orbit and 5 spacecraft in a geostationary orbit:
  • perhaps one more spacecraft of the Molniya-3 series ("Molniya-3-52") is still operational.
  • 4 or 5 spacecraft of the "Meridian" series in a highly elliptical orbit (presumably, the spacecraft Nos. 3, 4, 6, 7 are operating in the system, the spacecraft No. 2 in connection with finding it in an orbit, if it can be used for its intended purpose, only outside the system). Since 2021, they plan to replace them with Sfera-V spacecraft.
  • probably 3 spacecraft of the Raduga-1M series in the geostationary orbit (possibly one of these satellites belongs to the Raduga-1 series).

    "Rodnik" satellite communication system - The composition of the complete grouping is unknown, in any case (based on the nominal composition of the commercial analogue - MSPSS "Gonets-D1M") - not less than 12 SC:
  • from 12 to 24 spacecraft of the series "Strela-3" and "Strela-3M" / "Rodnik-S" (last launches: 21.12.2005 - "Cosmos-2416", May 23, 2008 - "Cosmos-2437", "Cosmos- 2438 "," Cosmos-2439 ", 06.07.2009 -" Cosmos-2451 "," Cosmos-2452 "," Cosmos-2453 ", 08.09.2010 -" Cosmos-2467 "," Cosmos-2468 "; - "Cosmos-2481"; 15/01/2013 - "Cosmos-2482", "Cosmos-2483", "Cosmos-2484"; 12/25/2013 - Cosmos-2488, Cosmos-2489, Cosmos-2490 , 24.09.2015 - "Cosmos-2507", "Cosmos-2508", "Cosmos-2509").

    "Blagovest" satellite communication system of Heavy-duty communication satellites on the commercial platform Express-200. Composition of the complete grouping of 4 satellites (in the geostationary orbit):
  • "Blagovest" ? 11L (17.08.17 - "Cosmos-2520").

    Harpoon space retransmission system for digital information retransmission from space radio engineering and species reconnaissance. The composition of the complete grouping is unknown, presumably 3 SC:
  • probably 1 spacecraft series "Harpoon" ("Cosmos-2473").

    Missile Launch Detection


    The Oko system - Satellite system for detection of launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles of the first generation. The composition of the complete grouping is unknown, presumably 35 SCs in a highly elliptical orbit and at least 1 spacecraft in a geostationary orbit; At present, it is gradually degrading due to the completion of the production program and the natural loss of satellites:
  • Probably 2 SC of the US-K series in a highly elliptical orbit: "Kosmos-2422" and "Kosmos-2446" (site "Strategic nuclear weapons of Russia", as of June 2014). Last launches: 02.12.2008 - "Cosmos-2446", September 30, 2010 - "Cosmos-2469").

    The Oko-1 system - Satellite system for detection of launches of second-generation intercontinental ballistic missiles. The composition of the complete grouping is unknown.

    Unified Space System for Detection and Combat Control (CEN) - The system should come to replace the "Oka" and a number of other systems. The system will be able to track the launches of ICBMs , SLBMs , operational-tactical and even tactical missiles; calculate the trajectory of launches and the area of destruction; perform the guidance functions. It is a direct analogue of the American system SBIRS. Composition (not completely known):
  • 2 spacecraft " Tundra " ("Cosmos-2510" and "Cosmos-2518").

    The system of marine space reconnaissance and target designation "Liana" - The composition of the complete grouping is unknown, probably 4 SCs (two "Pione-NKS" and two "Lotus"):
  • 1 spacecraft "Lotus-C" (14F138, "Cosmos-2455");
  • 1 spacecraft "Lotus-C1" (14F145, "Cosmos-2502");
  • possibly 1 SC Celina-2 (according to the "Military Balance - 2014") of the MRCC "Legend" system.

    Opto-electronic intelligence complex "Persona"
  • 2 Personnel N2, N3 ("Cosmos-2486", "Cosmos-2506" for LCI);
  • 2 spacecraft Bars-M (Cosmos-2503, Kosmos-2515).

    KA radar reconnaissance
  • "Condor" ("Cosmos-2487").

    Geodesic satellite system

    Full grouping - 2 space vehicles.
  • 2 (presumably) spacecraft of the series " GEO-IK-2 " (Kosmos-2517, Kosmos-2519).

    Perspective satellites and systems

    The system of Earth remote sensing satellites "Obzor"
  • 4 of the "Obzor-O" apparatus (after 2020)
  • 2 SC "Obzor-R" (after 2018) - It is planned that by 2020 the number of satellites will grow to 26.

    Passive satellites

  • 2 satellites of the "Etalon" type;
  • possibly 1 satellite "REFLECTOR";
  • 2 satellites of the type "SKRL-756".




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