Nahid-1 (Venus 1) is a telecommunication satellite, which is manufactured at the Iranian Space Agency (ISA) built in the Iranian Space Research Center. It is a geosynchronous satellite, which is located in geosynchronous orbit, with an orbital period the same as the earth's rotation period, Iran Science Watch website reported. Satellites utilize photovoltaics solar panels, Ku-band communications and satellite imagery are among the missions of Nahid-1.
Iran in February 2017 unveiled two new home-made satellites of Nahid 1 and Amir Kabir as well as a space tug built for the first time in the country. The three space crafts were unveiled in a ceremony participated by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in Tehran on the occasion of the Space Technology Day in Iran. Saman 1 space tug which has been manufactured for the first time in the country is used to transfer the satellites from Low Earth orbit (LEO) to higher-energy orbits.
Iran's Communication and Information Technology Minister Mohammad Javad Barari announced in November 2018 that three domestically-made satellites were ready to be launched. "Sharif University of Technology's Dousti satellite, the sensing-operational satellite of Amirkabir University and a communication satellite named Nahid are ready to launch," Barari said, addressing a meeting in Tehran.
Head of the Iranian Space Agency (ISA) Morteza Barari announced December 2018 his country's plans to manufacture a home-made telecommunication satellite in the next few years. "Building an indigenized telecommunication satellite within the next 7 years is atop the ISA's plans," Barari said. He added that the preliminary steps had already been taken by Iran to manufacture a telecommunication satellite by building Nahid 1 and Nahid 2 satellites.
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