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Tianqizong - Internet of Things

"Tianqi" is frequently translated as "Apocalypse" but in the contaxt of satellite communiciatons might more appropriately be tranlsated as "Revelation". The Apocalypse Internet of Things constellation is composed of 38 satellites and provides ship AIS, aircraft ADS-B, ARGOS buoys and global short data collection and communication services. Both "Xiangyun" and "Apocalypse" are satellite constellation plans focusing on space-based Internet of Things. In less than a month, the two space-based Internet of Things officially launched the constellation construction.

Biological documentaries and scientific research all over the world are using Argos’ satellite Internet of Things system. About 22,000 creatures, including birds, polar bears, marine life, etc., are wearing Argos’ small satellite receivers to track, collect, and record their locations. Speed, body temperature and other information. Argos is a satellite system created in 1978 by the aerospace departments of France, the United States and other countries. After Argos, Orbcomm was established in 1993 to expand the commercial market of satellite IoT from scientific research to transportation, agriculture, electricity, shipping and many other fields.

The first low-orbit satellite Internet of Things constellation "Apocalypse Constellation" is composed of 38 low-orbit satellites. The deployment is planned to be completed by the end of 2021. It will fully solve the problem of more than 70% of the Internet of Things data communication coverage blind spots in the land, all the seas and the sky, and provide the necessary network communication guarantee for the realization of the global interconnection of all things. Satellite IoT ecosystem of "air, space, earth and sea".

The "Apocalypse Constellation" IoT system consists of a constellation, satellite ground station, satellite measurement and control center, Apocalypse operation support platform, Apocalypse Internet of Things application platform, satellite terminal, etc. It is a complete satellite IoT application system. Shanghai Aes Aerospace Technology Co., Ltd. and Beijing Guodian Hi-Tech Technology Co., Ltd. are responsible for the development and application.

Beijing Guodian Hi-Tech Technology Co., Ltd., which is committed to the development of commercial aerospace and satellite Internet of Things, has established the Satellite Internet of Things Industry Technology Research Institute, and issued the "Satellite Internet of Things Industry Innovation Development Strategy Research" topics.

Beijing Guodian Hi-Tech Technology Co., Ltd. has a low-orbit satellite IoT constellation communication frequency license and a second-class value-added telecommunications business license issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Lu Qiang, chairman of Beijing Guodian Hi-Tech, and executive vice president of the Satellite Internet of Things Industry Technology Research Institute of the National Science and Technology Revitalization Urban Economic Research Association, said that Beijing Guodian Hi-Tech will also cooperate with the "Industry-University-Research Fund" institutions to integrate satellite Internet of Things, remote sensing, and 5G.

Academicians and experts from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the National Defense University, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the National Defense Science and Technology Bureau, the State Cyberspace Administration of China and other relevant departments have commented on the "Apocalypse Constellation" IoT system in ecological environmental protection, integrated application with Beidou, guarding global network security, and expansion Public applications, military-civilian collaborative applications and other aspects have put forward specific suggestions.

The Apocalypse Internet of Things constellation project is China’s first commercial Internet of Things satellite constellation. It plans to cover the world with 36 satellites evenly distributed on 6 orbital planes to provide Internet of Things data services, which can achieve global quasi-real-time coverage and provide military, civilian and commercial users around the world. Short data communication and Internet of Things "last mile" access services. For oceans, aviation airspace, remote areas, emergency disaster areas, and wide-area monitoring areas that cannot be covered by ground networks, the Internet of Things constellation is the only reliable means of communication, seamless coverage and not affected by ground disasters. This project fills the country’s low Orbit data communication constellation gap.

The project is China’s first satellite constellation that simultaneously realizes data collection functions for DCS (General Data Acquisition), AIS (for ships), ARGOS (for marine buoys), ADS-B (for aircraft), and LORA (ground Internet of Things). It can meet the needs of military, government, industry, and individual users for large-scale data acquisition in aviation, maritime, forestry, earthquake, water conservancy, environmental protection, meteorology, ocean and other military and civilian applications. The market application prospects are broad and it will become China’s commercial Aerospace serves a typical example in the field of military-civilian integration.

Beijing Guodian Hi-Tech Technology Co., Ltd. is committed to promoting the commercialization of China's aerospace industry and the development of military-civilian integration. It is an aerospace high-tech enterprise engaged in the development, operation and application of satellites, and an advocate of China's Internet of Things constellation. The main business includes constellation commercial operation, satellite system and component development, satellite integrated application.

The DCS load module developed by the company was been carried on the CZ-4 rocket into orbit for verification on 15 November 2017; the company has completed the development of the first IoT business pilot star, which was planned for 2018 would be launched into orbit to provide data services before the end of April, 2018. In the second half of 2018, it will launch a six-star constellation to complete the initial deployment of the constellation and have the ability to provide commercial data services; the company operated the "Tiantuo" of the Luliang Junmin Fusion Collaborative Innovation Research Institute The "No. 3" satellite can provide on-board AIS and ADS-B data services.

The company has successfully declared and approved UHF frequency band two-way communication frequency resources, and has completed domestic coordination and reported to ITU for publicity; the company has obtained 8 intellectual property rights , Including 4 invention patents and 4 software copyrights. There are more than 10 invention patents being declared; the company has established a joint laboratory with Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications to jointly carry out technological research and development such as the new load and new system of the Internet of Things, and integrates with Lenovo, China Power Tianao Group, Luliang Junmin Collaborative Innovation Research Institute, The Eighth Academy of Aerospace Science and Technology Group, Ace Aerospace Technology Co., Ltd., and the Seventh Academy of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, jointly carry out ground application system operation and market development, laying a solid foundation for subsequent IoT constellation business services; the company and Xiongan New Area , Hangzhou, Hainan, Chengdu, Xinjiang and other places have reached an intention to cooperate in the implementation of satellite manufacturing, measurement and control and data operation centers.

The founder of the company: Lu Qiang, the former assistant to the chief engineer in the field of communications satellites of the Aerospace Science and Technology Group, and a doctor of engineering. He studied under the ancestor of China's submarine and naval communications-Academician Lu Jianxun of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Worked at the Fifth Research Institute of Aerospace Science and Technology Group for more than 10 years, responsible for the design of China's first large-capacity Ka broadband satellite—Zhongxing 16 satellite space-ground integration system.

On the evening of 26 October 2020, the Tianqi 6 IoT satellite was successfully launched by the Long March 2C carrier rocket at China's Xichang Satellite Launch Center. The satellite will then be transferred to the on-orbit platform and load test stage, and it is expected that it will be able to provide data communication services to the world in two weeks. At 15:12 on November 7, 2020, the Ceres-1 carrier rocket successfully flew for the first time at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center of China and successfully sent the Eleven Stars of the Apocalypse Constellation into the scheduled orbit.

The Apocalypse 6 satellite is an important part of the Apocalypse constellation. The constellation is China's first low-orbit satellite IoT constellation to be put into operation, and is an important new infrastructure for China's IoT. After the Apocalypse 6 network is established, the Apocalypse constellation will have eight in-orbit service satellites, jointly serving the global Internet of Things data business. At present, 7 satellites have been operating in orbit and provided satellite Internet of Things data services, which initially formed the integrated information service capability of space and earth, and provided satellite data services for global Internet of Things users.

After the network operation of the Tianqi 6 satellite, the global real-time communication service capability of the Tianqi constellation has been further improved. It was expected that by the end of 2020, the Apocalypse Constellation will revisit the world within half an hour, and the terminal access service capacity will exceed tens of millions, which can meet the requirements of the Internet of Things, mines and hydrology monitoring, marine ranches, smart containers, ecological environment monitoring, forest fire protection, The demand for narrow-band data communication in application scenarios such as green mines and smart agriculture has greatly improved China's global data acquisition capabilities.

In theory, China has the world's largest satellite IoT market. Take shipping as an example. Among the world's top ten shipping companies, China owns three, and China produces 95% of the world's containers. At the same time, as domestic consumers and regulatory agencies continue to increase their requirements for cold chain transportation of fruits, fresh food, food, and medicines, the industrial Internet and industrial equipment cloud policies continue to advance, and the market demand for satellite Internet of Things is about to explode. However, whether it is commercial satellite development, satellite operation, industrial application innovation and other fields, Chinese companies have just started.

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