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921 Project

In 1992, the central special committee held its 5th meeting, specializing in the development of China's manned space problem. (Note: Some experts believe that "921" project name comes from January 1992).

"From the political, economic, technological, military, and many other considerations, the development of China's manned space is immediately necessary. Development of our country's manned spaceflight, manned spacecraft should start." The fifth meeting of the Central Committee gave the fair conclusion, the conference won the most enthusiastic applause. The meeting decided that the "863" Committee of Experts on the field of aerospace department, National Defense specialists from various fields should engage in further development of manned spacecraft engineering problems and evaluate their technical and economic feasibility.

A few days later, according to the main resolution of the meeting the special committee, came the formal establishment of the Department of Aerospace Engineering Demonstration manned spaceflight review group. The head was Ren Xinmin, deputy head is Daheng and Tu Shancheng. Members were: Wang Xiji, Zhuang Fenggan, Min Guirong, Zhang Lvqian, Yang Jiachi, Tong Kai.

In May 1992, Li Peng presided over the 7th meeting of the Central Committee, and listened to the Department of Aerospace and Defense Commission's analysis group report. Like "a face on the battlefield on the eve of Armageddon" setting a "military order", each panel member at Council meeting solemnly signed his name. Chi was a member of the IPCC chief a visit abroad, he came back and signed retroactively. This summary was sent to Deng Xiaoping, and immediately reported the CPC Central Committee and the State Council for consideration. On August 25, 1992, the State Council submitted to the Party Central Committee "to carry out the development of China's manned spacecraft engineering consult" in the "instructions", the proposed China's manned space project in three steps:

  1. The first step, before 2002, launching two unmanned spacecraft and a manned spacecraft, built initially complete experimental manned spacecraft engineering, space applications to carry out experiments.

  2. The second step in the successful launch of the first manned spacecraft after about 2007 or so, mastering the manned spacecraft and spacecraft rendezvous and docking technology, and the use of manned spacecraft technical modifications, launching an eight-ton space laboratory to solve a certain scale, short-term manned space station application problems.

  3. The third step is construction of a 20-ton space station, to solve a large-scale, long-term manned space station application problems.

Politburo Standing Committee in Zhongnanhai Qinzheng listened to the original National Defense, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics reporting, discussion and consideration of "the Central Committee regarding the development of China's manned spacecraft engineering development of referrals."

General Secretary Jiang Zemin presided over the Politburo meeting. Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Qiao Shi, Yao Yilin, Li attended the five Standing Committee. Personnel attending the meeting of the Central Advisory yang, Bo Yibo, Wan Li, Liu Huaqing, Yang Bai Bing, Ding, Wen Jiabao. Reporting: Ding Heng Gao, Lin Zongtang, Liu Jiyuan, Wang Yongzhi, Wang Shengtao. Manned Space Engineering Demonstration Team Leader, rocket scientist Wang Yongzhi focused on the feasibility study reported the results of manned spaceflight and experts' opinions. And answered, Jiang Zemin, Li Peng and other questions.

September 21, 1992, the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee of the 195th Session of the Thirteenth Meeting of the Central Committee discussed and agreed "to carry out the development of China's manned spacecraft engineering instructions", formally approved the implementation of China's manned space project.

Because of this Standing Committee is September 21, 1992 meeting, and approved the manned space project launched, Jiang Zemin also requested "quietly engaged in", so they decided to put the project called "921" [the 1st project of the year '92, a typical naming system with Chinese characteristics].

In accordance with the requirements of Jiang Zemin, the Central Committee organized a strong command team, set a military order, implemented the responsibility system, appointed commander of the manned space engineering, deputy commander; designer, deputy chief and other organizers. After more than a decade, some of the organization commanders because of their age had retired, but they were still doing consultancy work, and a new generation of good style commanders kept the heritage vibrant.

Under the central leadership instructions, manned spacecraft project was a large-scale security projects should implement the "to be quietly and tirelessly, perseverance to engage in" principle, but not reported, without propaganda. Therefore, since the end of 1992, construction on the relevant units in the country quietly unfolded.

The "921" Conference, the Central Military Commission, the PLA General Armament Department included the preparation of the establishment of the "921" project office. It was a "unified management of manned spaceflight specialized agencies, the implementation of special management of the project."




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