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AIT (Atmospheric Interceptor Technology) EA



ait atmospheric interceptor technology

A1203 Aluminum oxide

AADC Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation

AFB Air Force Base

AFI Air Force Instruction

BMDO Ballistic Missile Defense Organization

C Celsius

CEQ Council on Environmental Quality

Cl2 Chlorine

CO Carbon monoxide

dB decibel

dBA decibel (A-Weighted Sound Level)

DoD Department of Defense

DOT Department of Transportation

EA Environmental Assessment

EIAP Environmental Impact Analysis Process

EIS Environmental Impact Statement

FAA Federal Aviation Administration

FONSI Finding of No Significant Impact

ft/s feet per second

HCl Hydrogen chloride

GBI Ground Based Interceptor

KLC Kodiak Launch Complex

KOH Potassium hydroxide

km kilometers

lbs pounds

m/s meters per second

mg/m3 milligrams per cubic meter

NAWC Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division

NEPA National Environmental Policy Act

NMD National Missile Defense

NMFS National Marine Fisheries Services

NO Nitrogen oxide

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOx Nitrogen oxide

ODS ozone depleting substances

PM10 Particulate matter (aerodiameter less than 10 microns)

PAVE PAWS Precision Acquisition Vehicle Energy - Phased Array Warning System

ppb parts per billion

ppm parts per million

psf pounds per square foot

REEDM Rocket Exhaust and Effluent Diffusion Model

RF Radio Frequency

SFA Spaceport Florida Authority

SMC/TEB Space and Missile Systems Center, Test and Evaluation Directorate, Launch Test Program

SSI Spaceport Systems International

T Launch Time

USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency

USAF United States Air Force

USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service


2-Nitrodiphenylamine (2-NDPA)

Part of the M57 propellant, 1.00% of propellant by weight.

Abort To end a planned missile flight before it is completed.

Acoustic Refers to hearing and sound.

Air Force Instruction (AFI) Air Force publication providing instruction.

Aloft Winds aloft for Range Safety refer to winds in excess of 30,000 feet.

Altitude The height above sea level.

Aluminum Part of the SR-19 propellant.

Ambient Completely around; circulating, as ìambient air .î

Ammonium Perchlorate The oxidizer for the SR-19 and M57 propellant, 73 percent of propellant weight for SR-19 and 10.80 percent of propellant by weight for M57.

Amplitude The height (or magnitude) of a wave form about a given axis.

Apogee The point in an orbit that is the farthest distance from the earth.

Attenuation To weaken or reduce; to become less.

Atomic Chlorine (Cl-) A chlorine ion.

Auditory Trauma Injury to a personís or animalís organs of hearing.

Azimuth The direction the vehicle will travel about the launch point.

Bird Strikes When a bird flies into a solid object.

Black Scoter Sea bird common to the Narrow Cape area.

Boosters Sources of thrust in the takeoff and early flight of a rocket.

Cadmium A heavy metal used in the rocket batteries.

Carpet Boom Sonic boom during descent of an airborne vehicle that is traveling faster than the speed of sound.

Celsius Centigrade scale of temperature.

Clean Air Act Federal legislation enacted in 1955 that governs substances discharged into the air.

Combustion Chamber The area within a liquid rocket motor where the fuels combine, burn and develop thrust.

Cultural Resources Historic and archaeological remains and artifacts.

Cyclotetramethylentetranitramine (HMX) Part of M57 propellant, 10.80 percent of propellant by weight.

Debris Scatter Fragments of an exploded rocket, spread over a large area.

Environs Surrounding parts or areas.

Evacuate To remove persons or things from a place, especially for reasons of safety.

Explosion A violent expansion or bursting of noise.

EIS Environmental Impact Statement. A federal environmental document.

Focal Zone The leading edge of the missile from which a sonic boom originates.

FONSI Finding of No Significant Impact. A decision that a project will not have a significant effect on the environment.

General Vicinity Near.

Gravitational The effect of gravity, which causes things to fall toward the earth.

Haulout Area An area where marine animals, such as sea lions, come from the ocean onto the shore.

HAVE STARE A research and development radar located on Vandenberg AFB, CA, used for t racking missiles.

Hydraulic Fluid A fluid usually of low viscosity, as or, used in a hydraulic system.

Hypergolic Rocket fuel that combusts upon the mixing of a liquid fuel and liquid oxidizer.

Impact Zones Areas where effects would occur.

Inbound Moving toward a person or place.

Individuals Each one of a group of persons, animals or things.

Intercontinental Between the earthís continents. Able to travel from one continent to another.

Instrumentation Package Front, or top, section of the ait vehicle that holds the various experiments.

Kilometer A metric measure of distance that is 0.621 of one mile.

Launch Trajectory The curve or path of a rocket in flight.

Launch Vehicle Rocket that carries cargo into the air.

Minuteman II A three-stage rocket developed by the U.S. Air Force.

Milligram A unit of weight equal to 1/1,000 of a gram.

Missile Transporter Erector A trailer designed to transport a two-stage (SR-19/M57) rocket and lift it vertically onto a fixed launch stool.

Molecular Chlorine (Cl2) Two atoms of chlorine in its natural gaseous state.

Navy NP-3D Orion Aircraft A modified Navy P-3 aircraft that can track a missile, collect telemetry for a missile and (if the missile goes off course) initiate a destruct command that will cause the missile to stop acceleration.

Nickel Metallic element used in the rocket batteries.

Nitrocellulose Part of M57 propellant.

Nitrogen Oxide A compound that contains nitrogen and oxygen.

Nitroglycerin An explosive liquid. Part of M57 propellant.

Nominal Conditions Flight conditions that occur as predicted.

NP-3D Orion See Navy 2P-3D Orion Aircraft.

Oldsquaw Seabird common to the Narrow Cape area.

Operational Threat Trajectories Flight profiles that would be expected from a missile launch toward the U.S.

Ordnance Military weapons and ammunition.

Ozone A form of oxygen that helps protect the earth from the sunís rays.

Ozone Depleting Substances, Class I and Class II Chemical matter that decreases the earthís ozone layer. Class I and II substances are as listed in Section 602 of the Clean Air Act (1990 amendments).

PAVE PAWS An operational radar (Precision Acquisition Vehicle Energy-Phased Array Warning System) located on the central California coast used for tracking riendly and enemy missiles.

PCBOOM 3 Model U.S. Air Force computer software used to predict and measure a sonic boom.

Pelagic Species Marine plants or animals that live or grow at or near the surface of the ocean, far from land.

Plume Size and Drag The size of the rocket exhaust and how much it slows down the rocket.

Polybutadiene (as binder) Part of the SR-19 propellant, 12 percent of propellant by weight.

Postbreeding The time after animals have finished breeding.

Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) Caustic substance used in one of the seven batteries onboard the ait test vehicle.

Propagate To transmit through space.

Radar A device that determines the location of a solid object by using radio waves that ìbounceî off of the object.

Range Control The range safety organization function of controlling the flight of a rocket to ensure it stays on course.

Range Safety Program Range function to ensure that all aspects of a missile launch and flight are done safely, including ground handling and missile flight.

Redundant Airborne Command Destruct Systems All systems on the Navy NP-3D Orion have two systems for the command destruct function. If one system goes down, the second can complete the command destruct function.

Resorcinol Trade name for an element of the M57 propellant, 1.08 percent of propellant by weight. Chemical name 1,3-Dihydroxybenzene.

RNOISE Model U.S. Air Force computer software used to predict and measure on-pad and in-flight rocket noise.

Roadblocks Large objects placed in a road to keep persons from driving on the road.

Rocket Exhaust and Effluent Dispersion Model (REEDM) Computer software that measures air pollutants from rocket exhaust.

Rookery A place where animals, such as seals and sea lions, breed.

Scoping Process Procedures that let the general public learn about and make comments on the environmental effects of a proposed project.

Second Stage The second rocket motor to fire.

Service Structure Mechanism that lifts the rocket to an upright position so that it can be launched.

Socioeconomics The interaction of persons and monetary issues within a society.

Solid Rocket Motor Engine for rocket with fuel that is solid, not liquid.

Sonic Boom A loud noise caused by shock wave of a vehicle that is traveling faster than the speed of sound.

Startle To be surprised; to act surprised.

Stellerís eider Sea bird common to the Narrow Cape area.

Stratosphere A part of the earthís atmosphere. It surrounds the earth on top of the troposphere and extends outward to about 15 miles from the earthís surface.

Sub-Orbital Below an altitude necessary for an object to achieve an orbit, which is a path around the earth or other celestial body.

Surf Scoters Sea bird common to the Narrow Cape area.

Surf Zone The area near the shore where there is foamy water from waves breaking on the shore.

Topography The contours, such as mountains and canyons, of the surface of the ground.

Toxic Materials Substances that can be poisonous.

Trajectory The curved path of a rocket in flight.

Triacetin Part of the M57 propellant, 6.16 percent of propellant by weight.

Troposphere A part of the earthís atmosphere. It surrounds the earth and extends from the surface of the earth to a distance ranging from 6 to 12 miles from the earth.

Vector Instantaneous missile direction and velocity of the missile in flight.

Velocity Speed of an object in motion.

White-Winged Scoters Sea bird common to the Narrow Cape area.

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