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Space

Glossary

A

 

A/L

administration/logistics

A2C2

Army airspace command and control

AA

avenue of approach

AAA

air avenue of approach

AADC

area air defense commander

AAMDC

Army air and missile defense command

ABMOC

air battle management operations center

ACA

airspace control authority; The commander designated to assume overall responsibility for the operation of the airspace control system in the airspace control area. (JP 1-02)

ACO

airspace control order; An order implementing the airspace control plan that provides the details of the approved requests for airspace control measures. It is published either as part of the air tasking order or as a separate document. (JP 1-02)

ACP

airspace control plan; The document approved by the joint force commander that provides specific planning guidance and procedures for the airspace control system for the joint force area of responsibility/joint operations area. (JP 1-02)

active air defense

Direct defensive action taken to destroy, nullify, or reduce the effectiveness hostile air and missile threats against friendly forces and assets. It includes the use of aircraft, air defense weapons, electronic warfare, and other available weapons. (JP 1-02)

active defense

The employment of limited offensive action and counter attacks to deny a contested area or position to the enemy.(JP 1-02)

ACUS

area common user system

AD

air defense; All defensive measures designed to destroy attacking enemy aircraft or missiles in the earth's envelope of atmosphere or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack. (JP 1-02)

ADA

air defense artillery

ADC

area damage control

ADRG

ARC/Army Digitized Raster Graphics

ADW

air defense warning

AI

area of interest; area of concern to the commander.

AIS

automated information system

AMD

air and missile defense; As normally used, the term is synonymous with theater air and missile defense. However, the term can also be used in a broader context to apply to any integrated joint force operations conducted to destroy air and missile threats in flight or prior to launch regardless of whether the operations occur in an established theater. The term can also be used in a narrower context to apply to ADA operations (or active defense operations) conducted to destroy air and missile threats in flight (USAADASCH).

AMDCOORD

air and missile defense coordinator

AMDPCS

air and missile defense planning and control system

AMDTF

air and missile defense task force

AMDWS

air and missile defense work station

AMG

antenna mast group

AO

area of operation;

AOC

air operations center

AOP

air operations plan

AOR

area of responsibility

APOD

air port of debarkation

APOE

air port of embarkation

ARFOR

Army forces

ARM

anti-radiation missile

ARTEP

Army training evaluation plan

ASAS

all source analysis system

ASCC

Army service component commander

ASG

area support group

ASL

authorized stockage list

ASM

air-to-surface missile

ASP

ammunition supply point

ATDL1

Army tactical data link 1

ATM

anti-tactical missile

ATMCT

air terminal movement control teams

ATO

air tasking order; A method used to task and disseminate to components, subordinate units, and command and control agencies those projected sorties/capabilities/forces to targets and specific missions. Normally provides specific instructions to include call signs, targets, controlling agencies, etc., as well as general instructions. (JP 1-02)

ATP

ammunition transfer point

AUEL

automated unit equipment list

AWACS

airborne warning and control system

AZ

azimuth

B

 

BAI

battlefield air interdiction

battle space

The environment, factors, and conditions that must be understood to successfully apply combat power, protect the force, or complete the mission. This includes air, land, sea, space, and the facilities of the enemy and friendly forces. (for example weather, terrain, the electromagnetic spectrum, and the information environment within the operational areas and areas of interest). (JP 1-02)

BCP

battery command post

BDA

battle damage assessment

BDE

brigade

BLOS

beyond line-of-sight

BM

ballistic missile

BME

battalion maintenance equipment

BMG

battery maintenance group

BMNT

begin morning nautical twilight

BMO

battalion maintenance officer

BN

battalion

BOS

base operating support

BSA

brigade support area

BSE

battalion supply and equipment

BTRY

battery

C

 

C / E

communications / electronics

C2

command and control

C3

command, control, and communications

C3I

command, control, communications and intelligence

C4I

command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

CAL

critical asset list

CAS

close air support

CCIR

commander's critical information requirement

CDR

commander

CE2

communication enhancement 2

E

communications electronics

CEB

clothing exchange and bath

CEP

circular error probability

CESO

communications / electronics signal officer

CFL

coordinated fire line

CG

commanding general

CINC

commander in chief

CJTF

commander joint task force

CM

cruise missile

CMCC

corps movement control center

CMCT

CMMC

corps movement control teams

corps materiel management center

COA

course of action

COFA

correlation of forces-air

COMMO

communication

COMMZ

communication zone

COMSEC

communications security

CONUS

continental United States

COORD

coordination

COSCOM

corps support command

CP

command post

CPP

communications patch panel

CPU

central processor unit

CRC

control and reporting center

CRE

control and reporting element

CRG

communications relay group

CS

combat support

CSA

corps storage area

CSB

corps support battalion

CSC

combat support company

CSG

corps support group

CSR

controlled supply rate

CSS

CTT/H-R

combat service support

Commander's Tactical Terminal/ Hybrid Receiver

CVRT

criticality, vulnerability, recuperability, and threat

D

 

DA

Department of Army

DAADC

deputy area air defense commander

DAL

defended asset list; A ranked listing of facilities, forces, and national political items that require protection from attack or hostile surveillance. The list is compiled from federal departments and agencies, unified and specified commands, and the armed services to ensure national security emergency preparedness functions.

DCA

defensive counterair; All defensive measures designed to detect, identify, intercept and destroy or negate enemy forces attempting to attack or penetrate the friendly air environment. (JP 1-02)

DCG

deputy commanding general

DCN

data coordination net

DEL

deployment equipment list

DISCOM

division support commands

DLT

data link terminal; Sends/receives LS data via VHF radio and fiber optic link.

DLU

digital link upgrade

DNLP

deployed net loading percentage

DP

decision point

DS

direct support

DSA

division support area

DNVT

digital nonsecure voice terminal

DSM

decision support matrix

DSS

direct supply support

DST

decision support template

DSU

direct support unit

DTED

digital terrain elevation data

DX

direct exchange

DZ

drop zone

E

 

EAC

echelon above corps; Army headquarters and organizations that provide the interface between the theater commander (joint or multinational) and the corps for operational matters.

ECCM

electronic counter-countermeasure

ECM

electronic countermeasure

ECN

engagement coordination net

ECP

entry control point

ECS

engagement control station

ECU

environmental control unit

EDWA

engagement decision and weapons assignment

EEFI

essential elements of friendly information

EENT

end evening nautical twilight

ELES

enhanced launcher electronics system

EMCON

emission control; The selective and controlled use of electromagnetic, acoustic, or other emitters to optimize command and control capabilities while minimizing, for security: a. detection by enemy sensors; b. minimize mutual interference among friendly systems; c. execute a military deception plan. (JP 1-02)

EMI

electromagnetic interference

EMMO

electronic missile maintenance officer

EMP

electromagnetic pulse; The electromagnetic radiation from a nuclear explosion caused by compton recoil electrons and photoelectrons scattered in the material of the nuclear device or in a surrounding medium. The resulting electric and magnetic fields may couple with electrical/electronic systems to produce damaging current and voltage surges. (JP 1-02)

EOB

enemy order of battle

EPLRS

enhanced positioning location reporting system

EPP

electric power plant

EPU

electric power unit

EPW

enemy prisoner of war

EW

electronic warfare; Any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. The three major divisions within electronic warfare are electronic attack, electronic protection, and electronic warfare support. (JP 1-02)

F

 

FAA

forward assembly areas

FAAD

forward area air defense

FB

firing battery

FCO

fire control orders; Commands, which are used to control engagements on a case-by-case basis, regardless of the prevailing weapon, control status. Higher control echelons when monitoring the decentralized operations of subordinate units most often use these commands. Fire control orders can be transmitted electronically or verbally; however not all of the fire control orders shown below can or will be used by every type of ADA unit. (JP 1-02)

FDC

fire direction center; That element of a command post, consisting of gunnery and communications personnel and equipment, by means of which the commander exercises fire direction and/or fire control. The fire direction center receives target intelligence and requests for fire, and translates them into appropriate fire direction. (JP 1-02)

FEBA

forward edge battle area

FFIR

friendly forces information requirements

FLOT

forward line of own troops

FM

frequency modulation; field manual

FO

fiber optic

FOB

forward operating base

FO-DTG

fiber optic-day time group

FORSCOM

United States Army Forces Command

FOV

field of view

FSB

forward support battalion

FSCL

fire support coordination line

FSCM

fire support coordination measure

FSCOORD

fire support coordinator

FSE

fire support element

FSOP

field standing operating procedure

FU

fire unit

FUFU

fire unit to fire unit; The fire unit to fire unit capability within the Patriot system allows fire units to conduct a coordinated air battle without an ICC. In FUFU mode of operations, fire units perform triangulation, track correlation, engagement coordination, and support. The ICC track management software has been implemented at the fire units, so that those functions are now available at the fire unit. The weapons control state on each track is also shared with all fire units. Each fire unit performs triangulation using shared data from at least two other FUs. This provides range data on these tracks to the other units.

FW

fixed wing

G

GCFU

ground communications filter unit

GEHOC

German Hawk operations center

GEM

guidance-enhanced missile

GIP

ground impact point

GM

guided missile

GMT

guided missile transport

GPFU

gas particulate filter unit

GPS

global positioning system; A satellite based system used for accurate positioning and navigation.

GS

general support

H

 

HACM

high altitude cruise missile

HCU

hard copy unit

HE

high explosive

HEMTT

heavy expanded mobility tactical truck

HEU

higher echelon unit

HF

high frequency

HHB

headquarters and headquarters battery

HMMWV

high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle

HPT

high-payoff target; A target whose loss to the enemy will significantly contribute to the success of a friendly course of action. High-payoff targets are those high-value targets, identified through war gaming, which must be acquired and successfully attacked for the success of the friendly commander's mission. (JP 1-02)

HQ

headquarters

HSS

health service support

HVT

high-value target; A target the enemy commander requires for the successful completion of the mission. The loss of high-value targets would be expected to seriously degrade important enemy functions throughout the friendly commander's area of interest. (JP 1-02)

I

 

IAW

In accordance with

ICC

information and coordination central

ICE

initial coordination element

ID

identification

IDOCS

integrated digital operator control station

IEW

intelligence and electronic warfare

IF

intermediate frequency

IFF

identification, friend or foe; A system using electromagnetic transmissions to which equipment carried by friendly forces automatically responds; for example, by emitting pulses, thereby distinguishing themselves from enemy forces. (JP 1-02)

IPB

intelligence preparation of the battlespace

IR

information requirement

ISA

international standardization agreement

ISE

intelligence support element

ISLB

initial search lower bounds

ISR

intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance

J

 

JAOC

joint air operations center

JDN

JECN

joint data net

joint engagement coordination net

JFACC

Joint Force Air Component Commander; The joint force air component commander derives authority from the joint force commander who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among subordinate commanders, redirect and organize forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of the overall mission. Using the joint force commander's guidance and authority, and in coordination with other service component commanders and other assigned or supporting commanders, the joint force air component commander will recommend to the joint force commander apportionment of air sorties to various missions or geographic areas. (JP 1-02/ (FM 6-99.1))

JFC

Joint Force Commander; A general term applied to a combatant commander, subunified commander, or joint task force commander authorized to exercise combatant command (command authority) or operational control over a joint force. (JP 1-02/ (FM 6-99.1))

JFLCC

Joint Force Land Component Commander; The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of land forces, planning and coordinating land operations, or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force land component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. The joint force land component commander will normally be the commander with the preponderance of land forces and the requisite command and control capabilities. (JP 1-02)

JFMCC

Joint Force Maritime Component Commander; The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of maritime forces and assets, planning and coordinating maritime operations, or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force maritime component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. The joint force maritime component commander will normally be the commander with the preponderance of maritime forces and the requisite command and control capabilities. (JP 1-02/ (FM 6-99.1))

JFSOCC

Joint Forces Special Operations Component Commander

JICO

Joint Interface Control Officer; The joint interface control officer (JICO) coordinates with the ARFOR or JFLCC, coordination is essential to the successful integration of ADA forces into theater counter air and TMD. The JICO is responsible for managing the multi data link network from the AOC. The JICO cell supports continuous operations. Each service normally contributes personnel or expertise to the JICO cell to plan and execute joint operations. The AAMDC normally would provide the ARFOR or JFLCC expertise to the JICO cell to ensure integration of ARFOR air and missile defense operations with joint or multinational operations.

JIPTL

joint integrated prioritized target list; A prioritized list of targets and associated data approved by a joint force commander, and maintained by a joint task force. Targets and priorities are derived from the recommendations of components in conjunction with their proposed operations supporting the joint force commander's objectives and guidance. (JP 1-02)

JLENS

joint land attack cruise missile elevated netted sensor system

JMMN

joint mission management net

JOA

joint operations area; An area of land, sea, and airspace, defined by a geographic combatant commander or subordinate unified commander, in which a joint force commander (normally a joint task force commander) conducts military operations to accomplish a specific mission. Joint operations areas are particularly useful when operations are limited in scope and

geographic area or when operations are to be conducted on the boundaries between theaters. (JP 1-02)

JSN

joint surveillance net

JTAMD

joint theater air and missile defense; JTAMD includes all measures and means designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of surveillance and attacks against the joint force by air and missile threats. Air defense operations represent the Army's contribution to JTAMD operations. JTAMD is conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority by the destruction or neutralization of enemy air and missile forces. JTAMD operations include such measures as the use of interceptors, bombers, antiaircraft guns, surface to surface and surface to air missiles, air to surface missiles, elements of information operations, and electronic countermeasures to destroy the air or missile threat both before and after it is launched.

JTIDS

joint tactical information distribution system; A joint service, jam-resistant, secure communications system that permits the interchange of essential tactical information between aircraft, surface vessels, and mobile or fixed-base land stations.

JTMD

joint theater missile defense; The integration of joint force capabilities to destroy enemy theater missiles in flight or prior to launch or to otherwise disrupt the enemy's theater missile operations through an appropriate mix of mutually supportive passive missile defense; active missile defense; attack operations; and supporting command, control communications, computers, and intelligence measures. Enemy theater missiles are those that are aimed at targets outside the continental United States. (JP 1-02)

JTT-T/R

joint tactical terminal-transmit/receive

K

 

KBPS

kilobits per second

KIA

killed in action

KM

kilometer

KRP

known reference point

KW

kilowatts

L

LAN

local area network

LAT

live air trainer

LC

line of contact

LCC

land component commander

LCE

lightweight computer equipment

LCM-8

launcher control module -8

LCS

launcher control station

LD

line of departure

LEM

launcher electronics module

LLCOA

least likely course of action

LMRD

launcher missile round distributor

LNIP

launch now intercept point

LNO

liaison officer

LOC

line of communications; All routes, land, water, and air, which connects an operating military force with a base of operations and along which supplies and military forces move. (JP 1-02/ (FM 6-99.1))

LOG

logistics

LOGPAC

logistics package

LOP

level of protection

LOS

line-of-sight

LOTS

logistics over the shore

LRP

logistics release point

LRPT

large repair parts transporter

LS

launching station

LSDU

launcher station diagnostic unit

LSTS

launching station test set

LTDA

lower-tier defended area

LZ

landing zone

M

M

meter

MANPADS

man portable air defense system; The Stinger MANPADS team carries a man portable, shoulder fired, infrared or IR/NUV seeking missile that requires no control from the gunner after firing. It has an identification, friend or foe (IFF) interrogator that aids the gunner and team chief in identifying targets. The team consists of a gunner and team chief. (FM 3-01.11)

MATO

Materiel officer

MBA

main battle area

MC

maintenance center; maintenance company

MCA

movement control agency

MCO

movement control officer

MCOO

modified combined obstacle overlay

MCP

maintenance collection point

MCPE

modular collective protective equipment

MCR

movement completion report

MCT

movement control team

MDCOA

most dangerous course of action

MDMP

military decision making process

MEDLOG

medical logistics

MEL

mobile erector launcher

MEP

minimum engagement package

METL

mission-essential task list; A compilation of collective mission-essential tasks, which must be successfully performed if an organization is to accomplish its wartime mission(s).

METT-TC

mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops, time available, and civil considerations

MEZ

missile engagement zone

MI

military intelligence

MLCOA

most likely course of action

MILVAN

military van

MMC

Materiel Management Center

MOB

mobilization

MOBEX

mobilization exercise

MOPP

mission oriented protective posture

MOS

military occupational specialty

MPL

mandatory parts list

MRBM

medium range ballistic missile

MRT

missile round transporter

MS

mobilization station

MSB

main support battalion

MSE

mobile subscriber equipment

MSE SEN

mobile subscriber equipment small extension node

MSR

main supply route

MST

maintenance support team

MSU

mass storage unit

MTOE

modified table of organization and equipment

MWO

movement warning order

N

 

NAI

named area of interest; The geographical area where information that will satisfy a specific information requirement can be collected. Named areas of interest are usually selected to capture indications of adversary courses of action, but also may be related to conditions of the battlespace. (JP 1-02)

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NBC

nuclear, biological and chemical

NCO

noncommissioned officer

NCOER

non-commissioned officer efficiency report

NCS

net control station; Communications stations designated to control traffic and enforce circuit discipline within a given net. (JP 1-02)

NFS

North finding system

NPG

network participation groups

NSL

non-stocked logistics

O

 

O & I

operations and intelligence

OCA

offensive counterair; Offensive operations to destroy, disrupt, or neutralize enemy aircraft, missiles, launch platforms and supporting structures and systems both before and after launch, but as close to their source as possible. Offensive counterair operations range throughput enemy territory and are generally conducted at the initiative of friendly forces. These operations include attack operations, fighter sweeps, escort, and suppression of enemy air defenses. (JP 1-02)

OCOKA

observation and field of fire, cover and concealment, obstacles

OCONUS

outside the continental United States

ODD

optical disk drive

OER

officer evaluation report

OIC

officer in charge

OP

observation post

OPCON

operational control

OPLAN

operation plan

OPORD

operation order

OPSEC

operational security

OPTASKS

operational tasks

ORF

operational readiness float

ORL

ordnance release line

P

 

P&A

personnel and administration

PAC-3

Patriot advanced capability-3

PADIL

Patriot digital information link

PADS

position and alignment determining system

PAO

public affairs office

PD

passive defense; Applies to measures initiated to reduce vulnerability and to minimize damage caused by theater missiles TM attacks. Passive defense includes TM counter proliferation and deterrence; TM early warning and nuclear, biological, and chemical protection; counter surveillance; deception; camouflage and concealment; hardening; electronic warfare; mobility; dispersal; redundancy; recovery, and reconstitution. (FM 6-99.1)

PDB

post deployment build

PDU

power distribution unit

PE

priority of engagement

PFU

Patriot fire unit

PGIP/T

predicted ground impact point/time

PIR

priority intelligence requirement

PK

probability of kill

PLL

prescribed load list

PMCS

preventative maintenance checks and services

POD

port of debarkation

POE

port of embarkation

POL

petroleum, oils and lubricants

POM

preparation for overseas movement

POR

proposed operational requirement

positive control

A method of airspace control that relies on positive identification, tracking and direction of aircraft within an airspace, conducted with electronic means by an agency having the responsibility and authority therein. (JP 1-02)

PP

priority of protection

PPI

Passé-Partout International

PPLI

precise participant location information

PPO

Patriot project office

PPP

power projection platform

procedural control

A method of airspace control that relies on a combination of previously agreed and promulgated orders and procedures. (JP 1-02)

PSP

power support platform

PTL

primary target line; PTLs are established to assist in the distribution of ADA fires. Sectors of fire for HIMAD are normally designated at battalion after review of radar coverage diagrams. The battery commander or platoon leader normally designates sectors of fire or PTLs for SHORAD. These limits must be clearly defined by right and left azimuths. (FM 3-01)

Q

 

QA

quality assurance; That function of management by which conformance of material to contract and specification requirements is assured. This assurance is obtained by evaluation of production quality controls and inspections exercised by procedures, supplemented by direct verification inspection of product. (AR 310-25)

QRP

quick response program

R

 

R/T

receiver/transmitter

RAA

redeployment assembly area

RACO

rear area combat operations

RADC

regional air defense commander

RAP

rear area protection

RC

reserve component

RCS

radar cross section; Area of an object as scanned by radar; measured in square meters.

RF

radio frequency

RFI

radio frequency interference

RL

remote launch

RLCEU

remote launch and communications enhancement upgrade

RLRIU

routing logic radio interface unit; Provides interface between WCC, modems, and UHF radios.

RMCT

regional movement control team

RO/RO

roll on/roll off

ROE

rules of engagement; Directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate and/or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered. (JP 1-02)

ROZ

restricted operating zone

RP

release point

RRT

radio relay terminal

RS

radar set

RSOP

reconnaissance, selection and occupation of position

RSR

required supply rate

RSTA

reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition

RSU

recovering storage unit

RW

rotary wing

RWCIU

radar weapons control interface unit

RX

repairable exchange

S

 

S1

personnel officer

S2

intelligence officer

S3

operations and training officer

S4

supply officer

SA

situational awareness

SAM

surface-to-air missile

SATCOM

satellite communications

SHORAD

short-range air defense

SIF

selective identification feature

SIGINT

signals intelligence

SIGO

signal officer

SIGSEC

signal security

SINCGARS

single-channel ground and airborne radio system

SIT TEMP

situation template

SMU

switch multiplexer unit

SOEC

state of emission control

SOF

special operations forces

SOI

signal operating instructions

SOJ

stand-off jammer

SOJC

Patriot missile standoff jammer counter "SOJC" MIM-104B; To counter the long-range ECM threat, use the MIM-104B or SOJC missile. The guidance and navigation hardware was modified to allow the SOJC missile to fly a lofted trajectory to the jamming source and seek out the strongest emitter during terminal phase. To achieve the lofted trajectory needed to maintain missile maneuverability at long range, missile acquisition is delayed for the SOJC mission. The SOJC can fly five times longer than the standard missile without the uplink/downlink between the radar and missile. The SOJC missile retains the same performance against ABTs and TBMs as the standard missile. (FM 3-01.87)

SOP

standing operating procedures; A set of instructions covering those features of operations which lend themselves to a definite or standardized procedure without loss of effectiveness. The procedure is applicable unless ordered otherwise. (JP 1-02)

SP

start point

SPOD

seaport of debarkation

SPOE

seaport of embarkation

SRBM

short range ballistic missile

SRP

sealift readiness program

SRPT

small repair parts transporter

SSC

small scale operations

SSEKP

single shot engagement kill probability

SSM

surface to surface missile

STL

secondary target line

T

 

TAA

tactical assembly area

TAACOM

Theater Army Area Command

TAADCOM

Theater Army Area Defense Command

TAAMDCOORD

Theater Army Air and Missile Defense Coordinator

TAC

tactical

TACC

tactical air command center

TACI

tactical initialization

TACON

tactical control; Command authority over assigned or attached forces or commands, or military capability or forces made available for tasking, that is limited to the detailed and, usually, local direction and control of movements or maneuvers necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned. Tactical control is inherent in operational control. Tactical control may be delegated to, and exercised at any level at or below the level of combatant command. (JP 1-02)

TACS

theater air control system

TACSAT

tactical satellite

TADIL

tactical digital information link; A Joint Staff approved, standardized communication link suitable for transmission of digital information. Current practice is to characterize a tactical digital information link (TADIL) by its standardized message formats and transmission characteristics. TADILs interface two or more command and control or weapons systems via a single or multiple network architecture and multiple communication media for exchange of tactical information. a. TADIL-A-A secure, half-duplex, netted digital data link utilizing parallel transmission frame characteristics and standard message formats at either 1364 or 2250 bits per second. b. TADIL-B—A secure, full-duplex, point-to-point digital data link utilizing serial transmission frame characteristics and standard message formats at 2400, 1200, or 600 bits per second. It interconnects tactical air defense and air control units. c. TADIL-C—An unsecure, time-division digital data link utilizing serial transmission characteristics and standard message formats at 5000 bits per second from a controlling unit to controlled aircraft. Information exchange can be one-way (controlling unit to controlled aircraft) or two-way. d. TADIL-J—A secure, high capacity, jam-resistant, nodeless data link which uses the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) transmission characteristics and the protocols, conventions, and fixed-length message formats defined by the JTIDS Technical Interface Design Plan (TIDP). (JP 1-02)

TAI

target area of interest

TAMCA

Theater Army Movement Control Agency

TAOC

tactical air operations center

TASM

tactical air-to-surface missile; TASMS are air-launched, precision-guided munitions designed to strike ground targets. They are ideal against targets, such as bridges, that are difficult to destroy with "dumb" bombs. They are similar to air-launched CMs, but are smaller, have shorter ranges, lack wings and aerodynamic lift associated with CM flights, and are launched by tactical fighter-bomber aircraft.

TBM

theater ballistic missile

TCO

tactical control officer

TCS

tactical command system; The Patriot tactical command system is a facility which accommodates the commander and staff of up to ten air defense personnel and provides automated equipment to support force operations (FO) tasks which complement the EO activities in the Patriot ICC. The TCS is mounted on an M934 5-ton expandable van. It is co-located with and interfaces directly to the Patriot ICC using MSE and LAN, uses US Army common hardware and software components, and is powered by a standard US Army 30 kw, 60 hz generator with UPS backup power. (FM 3-01.11)

TD

tactical director

TDA

tactical director assistant

TEL

transporter erector launcher; A self-propelled launch vehicle capable of transporting a TBM to a tactical location and elevating and launching the missile. A TEL contains all ancillary equipment needed to support launch operations.

TF

task force

TFL

time to first launch; TFL is an estimated time it takes for the target approaching the battery to be engaged with intercept occurring within an acceptable probability of kill. The acceptable kill probability region is within the azimuth limits of the track sector and within a range value based on the target's altitude and ECM history. (FM 3-01.87)

THAAD

theater high altitude area defense; The THAAD system is being designed to negate TBMs at long ranges and high altitudes, supporting both exoatmospheric and endoatmospheric hit-to-kill engagements.

theater air and missile defense

The integration of joint force capabilities to destroy air or theater missile threats in flight or prior to launch or to otherwise disrupt the enemy's air and theater missile operations through an appropriate mix of offensive counterair (OCA) and defensive counterair (DCA) operations consisting of mutually supportive passive air defense; active air defense; attack operations; and supporting command, control, communications, computers and intelligence (C4I) measures.

TIBS

tactical information broadcast service

TLL

time to last launch; TLL is the time remaining to the last opportunity to initiate an engagement so intercept will occur before the target penetrates the asset boundary. (FM 3-01.87)

TM

theater missile; A missile, which may be a ballistic missile, a cruise missile, or an air-to-surface missile (not including short-range, nonnuclear, direct fire missiles, bombs, or rockets such as Maverick or wire-guided missiles), whose target is within a given theater of operation. (JP 1-02)

TMD

theater missile defense; Theater missile defense applies to the identification, integration, and employment of forces supported by other theater and national capabilities to detect, identify, locate, track, minimize the effects of, and/or destroy enemy TMs on the ground and in flight, their ground-based launchers and supporting infrastructure; TM-capable ships and vessels in port or at sea; and enemy aircraft armed with air-to-surface missiles. (JP 3-01.5)

TMO

transportation movement officer

TOC

tactical operations center

TOE

table of organization and equipment

TPL

timed phase line

TPW

tactical planner workstation

TRADOC

training and doctrine command

TRANSCOM

transportation command

TRITAC

tri-service tactical communications

TSA

theater storage area

TSC

theater signal command

TSOP

tactical standing operating procedure

TST

time sensitive target

TTFL

time to first launch

TTLL

time to last launch

TTP

tactics, techniques and procedures

TVA

target value analysis

TVM

track via missile; The Patriot missile is commanded to the vicinity of the target by the WCC and then the on board missile seeker acquires the target. The target is then TVM, while the two-way data link is maintained at an increased rate. The missile moves to the intercept point while the RS illuminates the target. (FM 3-01.11)

U

 

UAV

unmanned aerial vehicle; A powered, aerial vehicle that does not carry a human operator, uses aerodynamic forces to provide vehicle lift, can fly autonomously or be piloted remotely, can be expendable or recoverable, and can carry a lethal or nonlethal payload. Ballistic or semiballistic vehicles, cruise missiles, and artillery projectiles are not considered UAVs. (JP 1-02)

UHF

ultrahigh frequency

ULLS

unit level logistics system

UMCP

unit maintenance collection point

UMO

unit movement officer

US

United States

USAADASCH

United States Army Air Defense Artillery School

USAF

United States Air Force

USAR

United States Army Reserve

USAREUR

United States Army European Command

UTM

universal transverse mercator (grid); unit training mission

V

 

VHF

very high frequency

W

 

WARNO

warning order

WCC

weapons control computer

WCS

weapon control status

WMD

weapons of mass destruction

WO

warning order; A preliminary notice of an order or action, which is to follow. (JP 1-02)

X

 

XO

executive officer



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